Old Calendar Orthodox Church of Romania

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The '''Old Calendar Orthodox Church of Romania''' or '''True Orthodox Church of Romania''' is a resistance, [[Old Calendarist]] Synod, which broke off from the [[Church of Romania]], holding that the latter is in error.
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The '''Old Calendar Orthodox Church of Romania''' or '''True Orthodox Church of Romania''' is a resistance, [[Old Calendarist]] Synod, which broke off from the [[Church of Romania]] at the time of the 1924 calendar change in the Church of Romania.
  
 
== History ==
 
== History ==
In 1924, Metropolitan Miron of the [[Church of Romania]] introduced the [[New Calendar]] or [[Gregorian Calendar]] for use in the Church. Although most Romanians accepted the change, the skete of the Protection of the Theotokos in northern Moldavia rejected it. In 1925, led by Hieromonk Glicherie (now [[Glorification|glorified]] by this synod as Saint [[Glicherie of Romania]], the Confessor), unrecognized by the Romanian Orthodox church. Some of the bretheren left the skete to start an Old Calendarist group. When, in 1926 and 1929, Metropolitan Miron ordered [[Pascha]] to be celebrated according to the Gregorian [[Paschalion]], a large number of faithful, including Russian émigrés, left the [[Church of Romania]] and joined the Old Calendarists.  By 1936, the Old Calendarists numbered about 40 parishes.
+
In 1924, Metropolitan Miron of the [[Church of Romania]] introduced the [[New Calendar]] for use in the Church. Although most Romanians accepted the change, the skete of the Protection of the Theotokos in northern Moldavia rejected it. In 1925, led by Hieromonk Glicherie, some of the brethren left the skete to start an Old Calendarist group. When, in 1926 and 1929, Metropolitan Miron ordered [[Pascha]] to be celebrated according to the Gregorian [[Paschalion]], a large number of faithful, including Russian émigrés, left the [[Church of Romania]] and joined the Old Calendarists.  By 1936, the Old Calendarists numbered about 40 parishes.
  
Beginning in 1935, at the order of Metropolitan Miron, the Old Calendarists were under persecution. By 1940, ten Old Calendar priests had died in prison, and all of the Old Calendar churches had been shut down. St. Glicherie was imprisoned, but, at the beginning of World War II, released.
+
Beginning in 1935, at the order of Metropolitan Miron, the Old Calendarists were under persecution. By 1940, ten Old Calendarist priests had died in prison, and all of the Old Calendar churches had been shut down. Hmk Glicherie was imprisoned, but, at the beginning of World War II, released.
  
By 1950, with the release of St. Glicherie and other priests from prison, many of the churches were rebuilt. In 1955, Metropolitan Galaktion left the [[Church of Romania]] to serve the Old Calendarists, and immediately [[ordination|ordained]] new [[priests]] and [[deacons]]. However, he was soon arrested, and placed under house arrest in Bucharest. While under house arrest, Metropolitan Galaktion consecrated three other [[bishops]], including   Glicherie, who, in 1957, became the head of the True Orthodox Church of Romania.
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By 1950, with the release of Hmk Glicherie and other priests from prison, many of the churches were rebuilt. In 1955, Metropolitan Galaktion left the [[Church of Romania]] to serve the Old Calendarists, and immediately [[ordination|ordained]] new [[priests]] and [[deacons]]. However, he was soon arrested, and placed under house arrest in Bucharest. While under house arrest, Metropolitan Galaktion consecrated three other [[bishops]], including Hmk Glicherie, who, in 1957, became the Metropolitan of the True Orthodox Church of Romania.  
  
== Hierarchs ==
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Metropolitan Glicherie was later [[Glorification|glorified]] by this synod as Saint [[Glicherie of Romania|Glicherie]] the Confessor).  This glorification is unrecognised by the mainstream Orthodox Churches, including the Romanian Orthodox Church, who consider him to be [[schism|schismatic]].
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== Current Hierarchs ==
 
*Metropolitan Vlasie, President of the Synod of the True Orthodox Church of Romania
 
*Metropolitan Vlasie, President of the Synod of the True Orthodox Church of Romania
 
*Bishop Demosten of Neamts
 
*Bishop Demosten of Neamts
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*Bishop Flavian of Ilfov
 
*Bishop Flavian of Ilfov
  
== Status ==
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== Intercommunion ==
Since 1980, the Synod has been in full communion with the [[True Orthodox Church of Greece]] (so-called "Callistoites"), then with the [[Holy Synod in Resistance]] (so-called "Cyprianites"). The Synod also maintains communion with the [[Old Calendar Orthodox Church of Bulgaria]] (Bishop Photii)In former times, there was full communion with the Russian Orthodox Church outside Russia ([[ROCOR]]), but with the announcement of the then-upcoming rapprochement with the [[Church of Russia|Moscow Patriarchate]], these cut ties with one another.
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Since 1980, the Synod has been in full communion with the Synod of the [[True Orthodox Church of Greece]] presided by Metropolitan Kallistos of Corinth, then with the [[Holy Synod in Resistance]] presided by Metropolitan Cyprian of Fili. The Synod also maintains communion with the [[Old Calendar Orthodox Church of Bulgaria]], headed by Bishop Photii.  From 1994 to 2007 there was full communion with the Russian Orthodox Church outside Russia ([[ROCOR]]), but with the rapprochement between the ROCOR and the [[Church of Russia|Moscow Patriarchate]], communion with the ROCOR was severed.
  
 
== Demographics ==
 
== Demographics ==
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==External links ==
 
==External links ==
 
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*[http://www.mitropoliaslatioara.ro/ Official Website]
* [http://www.mitropoliaslatioara.ro/ Official Website]
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*[http://www.synodinresistance.org/Dioikisi_en/roumaniaen.html Unofficial Website]
* [http://www.synodinresistance.org/Dioikisi_en/roumaniaen.html Unofficial Website]
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[[Category:Jurisdictions]]
 
[[Category:Jurisdictions]]
 
[[Category:Old Calendarist Jurisdictions]]
 
[[Category:Old Calendarist Jurisdictions]]
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[[fr:Église orthodoxe vieille-calendariste de Roumanie]]

Latest revision as of 10:18, June 26, 2010

The Old Calendar Orthodox Church of Romania or True Orthodox Church of Romania is a resistance, Old Calendarist Synod, which broke off from the Church of Romania at the time of the 1924 calendar change in the Church of Romania.

Contents

History

In 1924, Metropolitan Miron of the Church of Romania introduced the New Calendar for use in the Church. Although most Romanians accepted the change, the skete of the Protection of the Theotokos in northern Moldavia rejected it. In 1925, led by Hieromonk Glicherie, some of the brethren left the skete to start an Old Calendarist group. When, in 1926 and 1929, Metropolitan Miron ordered Pascha to be celebrated according to the Gregorian Paschalion, a large number of faithful, including Russian émigrés, left the Church of Romania and joined the Old Calendarists. By 1936, the Old Calendarists numbered about 40 parishes.

Beginning in 1935, at the order of Metropolitan Miron, the Old Calendarists were under persecution. By 1940, ten Old Calendarist priests had died in prison, and all of the Old Calendar churches had been shut down. Hmk Glicherie was imprisoned, but, at the beginning of World War II, released.

By 1950, with the release of Hmk Glicherie and other priests from prison, many of the churches were rebuilt. In 1955, Metropolitan Galaktion left the Church of Romania to serve the Old Calendarists, and immediately ordained new priests and deacons. However, he was soon arrested, and placed under house arrest in Bucharest. While under house arrest, Metropolitan Galaktion consecrated three other bishops, including Hmk Glicherie, who, in 1957, became the Metropolitan of the True Orthodox Church of Romania.

Metropolitan Glicherie was later glorified by this synod as Saint Glicherie the Confessor). This glorification is unrecognised by the mainstream Orthodox Churches, including the Romanian Orthodox Church, who consider him to be schismatic.

Current Hierarchs

  • Metropolitan Vlasie, President of the Synod of the True Orthodox Church of Romania
  • Bishop Demosten of Neamts
  • Bishop Ghenadie of Bacau
  • Bishop Pahomie of Vrancea
  • Bishop Teodosie of Brasov
  • Bishop Sofronie of Suceava
  • Bishop Iosif of Botosani
  • Bishop Flavian of Ilfov

Intercommunion

Since 1980, the Synod has been in full communion with the Synod of the True Orthodox Church of Greece presided by Metropolitan Kallistos of Corinth, then with the Holy Synod in Resistance presided by Metropolitan Cyprian of Fili. The Synod also maintains communion with the Old Calendar Orthodox Church of Bulgaria, headed by Bishop Photii. From 1994 to 2007 there was full communion with the Russian Orthodox Church outside Russia (ROCOR), but with the rapprochement between the ROCOR and the Moscow Patriarchate, communion with the ROCOR was severed.

Demographics

Headquartered in the Monastery of the Transfiguration, Slatioara, Moldavia, the Synod has 130 parishes, 13 monasteries, 21 sketes, and publishes two periodicals, Traditia Ortodoxa and Catacombele Ortodoxiei. 160 priests (including 115 married priests and 45 hieromonks) and 26 deacons serve the Synod's faithful. 290 monks and 510 nuns dwell in the monasteries.

External links

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