Ober-Procurator

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[[Image:Konstantin Pobedonostsev.jpg|right|thumb|150px|Constantine Petrovich Pobedonostsev - Ober-Procurator: 1880 - 1905]]
 
'''Ober-Procurator''', Russian: обер-прокурор, ''ober-prokuror'', also '''Chief Procurator''', was the title of the lay supervisor of the [[Apostolic Governing Synod]], who effectively was the lay head of the [[Russian Orthodox Church]] and a member of the Tsar's cabinet. The Synod was established as the highest hierarchical authority under Tsar Peter I's reorganization of the Church of Russia, at the beginning of the eighteenth century, that abolished the position of patriarch as the senior hierarch. The reorganization, in 1721, was Peter's means of his controlling the Church.
 
'''Ober-Procurator''', Russian: обер-прокурор, ''ober-prokuror'', also '''Chief Procurator''', was the title of the lay supervisor of the [[Apostolic Governing Synod]], who effectively was the lay head of the [[Russian Orthodox Church]] and a member of the Tsar's cabinet. The Synod was established as the highest hierarchical authority under Tsar Peter I's reorganization of the Church of Russia, at the beginning of the eighteenth century, that abolished the position of patriarch as the senior hierarch. The reorganization, in 1721, was Peter's means of his controlling the Church.
  
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The office of Ober-Procurator ceased to exist upon the abolition of the Department of Orthodox Denomination by the Provisional Government on [[August 5]], 1917 of which the office of the Ober-Procurator and the Apostolic Governing Synod were part. The restoration of the position of Patriarch of Russia occurred during the Local [[All-Russian Church Council of 1917-1918|Regional Russian Council of 1917-1918]], with the election of Patriarch [[Tikhon of Moscow|Tikhon]] on [[November 5]], 1917.
 
The office of Ober-Procurator ceased to exist upon the abolition of the Department of Orthodox Denomination by the Provisional Government on [[August 5]], 1917 of which the office of the Ober-Procurator and the Apostolic Governing Synod were part. The restoration of the position of Patriarch of Russia occurred during the Local [[All-Russian Church Council of 1917-1918|Regional Russian Council of 1917-1918]], with the election of Patriarch [[Tikhon of Moscow|Tikhon]] on [[November 5]], 1917.
  
==Ober-Procurators==
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==List of Ober-Procurators==
 
*Ivan Vasilievich Boltin  ([[May 22]], 1722 – [[May 29]], 1725).
 
*Ivan Vasilievich Boltin  ([[May 22]], 1722 – [[May 29]], 1725).
 
*Alexei Petrovich Baskakov  (May 29, 1725 – [[July 25]], 1726).
 
*Alexei Petrovich Baskakov  (May 29, 1725 – [[July 25]], 1726).
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*Prince Peter S. Meshersky  (1817 – 1833).  
 
*Prince Peter S. Meshersky  (1817 – 1833).  
 
*Steven Dmitrievich Nechayev (1833 – [[June 25]], 1836).
 
*Steven Dmitrievich Nechayev (1833 – [[June 25]], 1836).
*Count  Nicholas Alexandrovich Protasov  (1836 – [[January 16]],1855).
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*Count  [[Nicholas Alexandrovich Protasov]] (1836 – [[January 16]],1855).
 
*A. I. Karasevsky [[December 25]], 1855 – [[September 20]], 1856).
 
*A. I. Karasevsky [[December 25]], 1855 – [[September 20]], 1856).
 
*Count Alexander Petrovich Tolstoy  (September 20, 1856 – [[February 28]], 1862).
 
*Count Alexander Petrovich Tolstoy  (September 20, 1856 – [[February 28]], 1862).
 
*Alexei Petrovich Akhmatov (March 1862 – June 1865).
 
*Alexei Petrovich Akhmatov (March 1862 – June 1865).
 
*Count [[Dmitry Andreyevich Tolstoy]]  ([[June 23]], 1865 – [[April 23]], 1880).
 
*Count [[Dmitry Andreyevich Tolstoy]]  ([[June 23]], 1865 – [[April 23]], 1880).
*[[Constantine Petrovich Pobedonostsev|Constantine Pobedonostsev]]  [[April 24]], 1880 – [[October 19]], 1905).
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*[[Constantine Petrovich Pobedonostsev|Constantine Pobedonostsev]]  [[April 24]], 1880 – [[October 19]], 1905).
*Duke Alexander Dmitriyevich Obolensky ([[October 20]], 1905 – [[April 4]], 1906).
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*Duke [[Alexis Dmitrievich Obolensky|Alexander Dmitriyevich Obolensky]] ([[October 20]], 1905 – [[April 4]], 1906). See [[Talk:Alexis Dmitrievich Obolensky|discussion comment]]
*Duke Alexei Alexandrovich Shirinsky-Shikhmatov [[April 26]], 1906 – [[June 9]], 1906).
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*Duke [[Alexei Alexandrovich Shirinsky-Shikhmatov]] [[April 26]], 1906 – [[June 9]], 1906).
 
*Peter Petrovich Izvolsky  ([[June 27]], 1906 – [[February 5]], 1909).
 
*Peter Petrovich Izvolsky  ([[June 27]], 1906 – [[February 5]], 1909).
 
*Sergei Mikhailovich Lukianov  (February 5, 1909 – [[May 2]], 1911).
 
*Sergei Mikhailovich Lukianov  (February 5, 1909 – [[May 2]], 1911).
 
*[[Vladimir Karlovich Sabler]]  (May 2, 1911 – [[July 4]], 1915).
 
*[[Vladimir Karlovich Sabler]]  (May 2, 1911 – [[July 4]], 1915).
*Alexander Dmitriyevich Samarin ([[July 5]], 1915 – [[September 26]], 1915).
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*[[‎Alexander Dmitrievich Samarin]] ([[July 5]], 1915 – [[September 26]], 1915).
 
*Alexander Nikolayevich Volzhin (October 1, 1915 – [[August 7]], 1916).
 
*Alexander Nikolayevich Volzhin (October 1, 1915 – [[August 7]], 1916).
 
*[[Nicholas Pavlovich Rayev]]  (August 7, 1916 – [[March 3]], 1917).
 
*[[Nicholas Pavlovich Rayev]]  (August 7, 1916 – [[March 3]], 1917).
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==Source==
 
==Source==
*[[http://drevo.pravbeseda.ru/index.php?id=537)  ОБЕР-ПРОКУРОР]] (In Russian)
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*[http://drevo.pravbeseda.ru/index.php?id=537)  ОБЕР-ПРОКУРОР] (In Russian)
 
*[[w:Procurator_(Russia)]]
 
*[[w:Procurator_(Russia)]]
 
*[http://www.scribd.com/doc/15905479/Russian-Christianity-1894-to-1990  History of Russian Christianity 1894 to 1990]
 
*[http://www.scribd.com/doc/15905479/Russian-Christianity-1894-to-1990  History of Russian Christianity 1894 to 1990]

Revision as of 14:36, April 29, 2011

Constantine Petrovich Pobedonostsev - Ober-Procurator: 1880 - 1905

Ober-Procurator, Russian: обер-прокурор, ober-prokuror, also Chief Procurator, was the title of the lay supervisor of the Apostolic Governing Synod, who effectively was the lay head of the Russian Orthodox Church and a member of the Tsar's cabinet. The Synod was established as the highest hierarchical authority under Tsar Peter I's reorganization of the Church of Russia, at the beginning of the eighteenth century, that abolished the position of patriarch as the senior hierarch. The reorganization, in 1721, was Peter's means of his controlling the Church.

The position of Ober-Procurator was established in 1722 to supervise the activities of the Office of the Synod. An independent office of the Chief Procurator, with increased powers, was established in 1836.

The office of Ober-Procurator ceased to exist upon the abolition of the Department of Orthodox Denomination by the Provisional Government on August 5, 1917 of which the office of the Ober-Procurator and the Apostolic Governing Synod were part. The restoration of the position of Patriarch of Russia occurred during the Local Regional Russian Council of 1917-1918, with the election of Patriarch Tikhon on November 5, 1917.

List of Ober-Procurators

See also


Source

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