Novatian

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'''Novation''' was a Roman [[bishop]] and [[theologian]] of the third century who took a strict position on readmission of apostates during the persecutions of the time. His followers formed a schismatic group that continued into the fifth century.
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'''Novatian''' was a Roman [[bishop]] and [[theologian]] of the third century who took a strict position on readmission of apostates during the persecutions of the time. His followers formed a schismatic group that continued into the fifth century. He was the first writer of the Western church to use Latin.
  
 
==Life==
 
==Life==
Novation was born about the year 200. He was a man of considerable learning, apparently educated in literary composition. His immediate rival in Rome, Bishop Cornelius, spoke of him sarcastically as " that maker of dogmas, that champion of ecclesiastical learning". His ecclesiastical career is unclear. Cornelius related that he was [[ordination|ordained]] a [[priest]] by a predecessor [[bishop]] of Rome (probably Fabian) over the protests of the [[clergy]] and [[laity]] of Rome.
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Novatian was born about the year 200. He was a man of considerable learning, apparently educated in literary composition. His immediate rival in Rome, Bishop [[Cornelius of Rome|Cornelius]], spoke of him sarcastically as " that maker of dogmas, that champion of ecclesiastical learning". His ecclesiastical career is unclear. Cornelius related that he was [[ordination|ordained]] a [[priest]] by a predecessor [[bishop]] of Rome (probably Fabian) over the protests of the [[clergy]] and [[laity]] of Rome.
  
During the persecutions of emperor Decius in mid third century, Novation took the position that those who had stopped practicing Christianity during the persecutions could not be accepted back into the church even if they repented and that the only way to reenter the church would be by re-[[baptism]]. Cornelius and Cyprian of Carthage did not believe in the need for re-baptism. Instead they thought that the sinners should only need to show contrition and true repentance to be welcomed back into the church
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During the persecutions of emperor Decius in mid third century, Novatian took the position that those who had stopped practicing Christianity during the persecutions could not be accepted back into the church even if they repented and that the only way to reenter the church would be by re-[[baptism]]. Cornelius and [[Cyprian of Carthage]] did not believe in the need for re-baptism. Instead they thought that the sinners should only need to show contrition and true repentance to be welcomed back into the church
  
During the election of the bishop of Rome in 251, Novation opposed Cornelius because he was too lax in accepting the return of Christians who had lapsed during the persecutions. His party then consecrated him as a rival bishop (antipope) to Cornelius. He announced throughout the empire his election, as had Cornelius, as both parties appointed bishops and priests in cities where the incumbent favored his rival, thus creating a widespread [[schism]] in the Church.  
+
During the election of the bishop of Rome in 251, Novatian opposed Cornelius because he was too lax in accepting the return of Christians who had lapsed during the persecutions. His party then consecrated him as a rival bishop (antipope) to Cornelius. He announced throughout the empire his election, as had Cornelius, as both parties appointed bishops and priests in cities where the incumbent favored his rival, thus creating a widespread [[schism]] in the Church.  
  
 
By the end of 251, Bishop Cornelius assembled a council of sixty bishops that condemned and [[excommunication|excommunicated]] Novation apparently over the legitimacy of his claim to the ecclesiastical throne of Rome. It was only later that Novation began to be called a [[heretic]] and this appeared to be over the question of the Church having the power to grant absolution in certain cases.  
 
By the end of 251, Bishop Cornelius assembled a council of sixty bishops that condemned and [[excommunication|excommunicated]] Novation apparently over the legitimacy of his claim to the ecclesiastical throne of Rome. It was only later that Novation began to be called a [[heretic]] and this appeared to be over the question of the Church having the power to grant absolution in certain cases.  
  
Novation appeared to have remained in Rome until the start of the persecutions under Valerian in 258 when he left the city and was [[martyr]]ed.
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Novatian appeared to have remained in Rome until the start of the persecutions under Valerian in 258 when he left the city and was [[martyr]]ed.
  
 
==Writings==
 
==Writings==
Novation is known for his writing of which only two have survived, the ''De Cibis Judaicus'' and ''De Trintate'' (On the Trinity), an interpretation of the early church doctrine on the [[Holy Trinity |Trinity]] which is his most important work.  
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Novatian is known for his writing of which only two have survived, the ''De Cibis Judaicus'' and ''De Trintate'' (On the Trinity), an interpretation of the early church doctrine on the [[Holy Trinity |Trinity]] which is his most important work.  
  
 
==Sources==
 
==Sources==
 
*[http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11138a.htm  Catholic Encyclopedia: Novatian and Novatianism]
 
*[http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11138a.htm  Catholic Encyclopedia: Novatian and Novatianism]
*[http://mb-soft.com/believe/txc/novation.htm Novation Schism, Novatian]
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*[http://mb-soft.com/believe/txc/novation.htm Novatian Schism, Novatian]
*[http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Novatianism]   
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*[http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Novatianism Novatianism]   
  
[[Category: Bishop]]
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[[Category: Bishops]]
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[[Category:3rd-century bishops]]
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[[el:Νοβατιανισμός]]

Latest revision as of 11:56, July 22, 2012

Novatian was a Roman bishop and theologian of the third century who took a strict position on readmission of apostates during the persecutions of the time. His followers formed a schismatic group that continued into the fifth century. He was the first writer of the Western church to use Latin.

Life

Novatian was born about the year 200. He was a man of considerable learning, apparently educated in literary composition. His immediate rival in Rome, Bishop Cornelius, spoke of him sarcastically as " that maker of dogmas, that champion of ecclesiastical learning". His ecclesiastical career is unclear. Cornelius related that he was ordained a priest by a predecessor bishop of Rome (probably Fabian) over the protests of the clergy and laity of Rome.

During the persecutions of emperor Decius in mid third century, Novatian took the position that those who had stopped practicing Christianity during the persecutions could not be accepted back into the church even if they repented and that the only way to reenter the church would be by re-baptism. Cornelius and Cyprian of Carthage did not believe in the need for re-baptism. Instead they thought that the sinners should only need to show contrition and true repentance to be welcomed back into the church

During the election of the bishop of Rome in 251, Novatian opposed Cornelius because he was too lax in accepting the return of Christians who had lapsed during the persecutions. His party then consecrated him as a rival bishop (antipope) to Cornelius. He announced throughout the empire his election, as had Cornelius, as both parties appointed bishops and priests in cities where the incumbent favored his rival, thus creating a widespread schism in the Church.

By the end of 251, Bishop Cornelius assembled a council of sixty bishops that condemned and excommunicated Novation apparently over the legitimacy of his claim to the ecclesiastical throne of Rome. It was only later that Novation began to be called a heretic and this appeared to be over the question of the Church having the power to grant absolution in certain cases.

Novatian appeared to have remained in Rome until the start of the persecutions under Valerian in 258 when he left the city and was martyred.

Writings

Novatian is known for his writing of which only two have survived, the De Cibis Judaicus and De Trintate (On the Trinity), an interpretation of the early church doctrine on the Trinity which is his most important work.

Sources

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