Nicholas of Myra

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[[Image:Nicholas.jpg|thumb|right|200pxl|St Nicholas of Myra]]
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[[Image:Nicholas the Wonderworker.jpg|thumb|right|200pxl|St Nicholas of Myra]]
Our father among the [[saint]]s '''Nicholas of Myra''', [[Wonder-worker]], was the [[archbishop]] of Myra in southern Asia Minor in the fourth century. While widely honored and [[veneration|venerated]], not only in the Orthodox Church, but throughout most Christian groups, little is known historically of the life of Nicholas. He is known to have been archbishop of Myra and he may have participated in the [[First Ecumenical Council|Council of Nicaea]] in 325. In addition to being honored as the [[patron saint]] of many countries, notably Greece and Russia, and of cities, he is the patron of many occupational groups, most notably of sea-farers.  St Nicholas is commemorated by the Church on [[December 6]], and also on [[May 9]] (The transfer of his relics) and on [[July 29]] (his nativity).
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Our father among the [[saint]]s '''Nicholas of Myra''', [[Wonder-worker]], was the [[archbishop]] of Myra in southern Asia Minor in the fourth century and is also the basis for the Santa Claus legends and imagery which accompany Christmas celebrations in much of the world.
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While widely honored and [[veneration|venerated]], not only in the Orthodox Church, but throughout most Christian groups, little is known historically of the life of Nicholas. He is known to have been archbishop of Myra and he may have participated in the [[First Ecumenical Council|Council of Nicea]] in 325. In addition to being honored as the [[patron saint]] of many countries, notably Greece and Russia, and of cities, he is the patron of many occupational groups, most notably of sea-farers.  St. Nicholas is commemorated by the Church on [[December 6]], and also on [[May 9]] (the transfer of his relics) and on [[July 29]] (his nativity).
  
 
==Life and tradition==
 
==Life and tradition==
By tradition, Nicholas born in the province of Lycia in the southern part of Asia Minor in the city of Patara to well-to-do parents. The date of his birth is not known. Having inherited his parents' estate, he became known for his generous gifts to those in need. As a youth, he made pilgrimages to Palestine and Egypt. He was subsequently [[consecration|consecrated]] Archbishop of Myra as the fourth century began. He was imprisoned during the persecutions of [[Diocletian]] and released by [[Constantine the Great|Constantine]] after his ascension to emperor. Nicholas was noted for his defense of Orthodoxy against the [[Arianism|Arians]]. He is reputed to have been present at the Council of Nicaea, but his name does not appear among any documents from that era. He died in Myra on [[December 6]] in a year uncertain, but between 342 and 352.  
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By tradition, Nicholas born in the province of Lycia in the southern part of Asia Minor in the city of Patara to well-to-do parents. The date of his birth is not known. Having inherited his parents' estate, he became known for his generous gifts to those in need. As a youth, he made pilgrimages to Palestine and Egypt. He was subsequently [[consecration|consecrated]] Archbishop of Myra as the fourth century began. He was imprisoned during the persecutions of [[Diocletian]] and released by [[Constantine the Great|Constantine]] after his ascension to emperor. Nicholas was noted for his defense of Orthodoxy against the [[Arianism|Arians]]. He is reputed to have been present at the Council of [[Nicea]], but his name does not appear among any documents from that era. He died in Myra on [[December 6]] in a year uncertain, but between 342 and 352.  
  
[[Image:Nicholas the Wonderworker.jpg|thumb|left|200pxl|St Nicholas the Wonderworker]]
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[[Image:Nicholas.jpg|thumb|left|200pxl|St Nicholas the Wonderworker]]
 
Many of the details of his life that we have appeared during medieval times. St. [[Methodius I of Constantinople|Methodius]], [[Patriarch of Constantinople]], in the middle of the ninth century produced a life of Nicholas in which he noted that the life of Nicholas was unknown to most of the Christians of the time, thus indicating his composition was probably based mainly on legend. Methodius noted that Nicholas was raised well by pious and well-to-do parents and related how Nicholas contributed from his inheritance the dowry for three daughters of a citizen of Patara who had lost all his money.
 
Many of the details of his life that we have appeared during medieval times. St. [[Methodius I of Constantinople|Methodius]], [[Patriarch of Constantinople]], in the middle of the ninth century produced a life of Nicholas in which he noted that the life of Nicholas was unknown to most of the Christians of the time, thus indicating his composition was probably based mainly on legend. Methodius noted that Nicholas was raised well by pious and well-to-do parents and related how Nicholas contributed from his inheritance the dowry for three daughters of a citizen of Patara who had lost all his money.
  
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*[http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsLife.asp?FSID=103484  St Nicholas the Wonderworker and Archbishop of Myra in Lycia] (OCA site)
 
*[http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsLife.asp?FSID=103484  St Nicholas the Wonderworker and Archbishop of Myra in Lycia] (OCA site)
 
*[http://goarch.org/en/chapel/saints.asp?contentid=325 Nicholas the Wonderworker, Archbishop of Myra] ([[GOARCH]])
 
*[http://goarch.org/en/chapel/saints.asp?contentid=325 Nicholas the Wonderworker, Archbishop of Myra] ([[GOARCH]])
*[http://www.geocities.com/Athens/7175/stnich-page.html  Saint Nicholas the Wonderworker]
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*[http://saintnicholas.ucoz.com/stnich-page.html  Saint Nicholas the Wonderworker]
 
*[http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11063b.htm Nicholas of Myra] [[Roman Catholic Church|Catholic]] Encyclopedia
 
*[http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11063b.htm Nicholas of Myra] [[Roman Catholic Church|Catholic]] Encyclopedia
 
*[http://www.comeandseeicons.com/n/cap39.htm Icon of St. Nicholas, Archbishop of Myra in Lycia]
 
*[http://www.comeandseeicons.com/n/cap39.htm Icon of St. Nicholas, Archbishop of Myra in Lycia]
  
[[Category:Saints]]
 
 
[[Category:Bishops]]
 
[[Category:Bishops]]
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[[Category:4th-century bishops]]
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[[Category:Saints]]
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[[Category:Byzantine Saints]]
 
[[Category:Wonderworkers]]
 
[[Category:Wonderworkers]]
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[[Category:4th-century saints]]
  
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[[el:Άγιος Νικόλαος]]
 
[[es:Nicolás de Myra]]
 
[[es:Nicolás de Myra]]
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[[mk:Свети Николај Чудотворец]]
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[[ro:Nicolae al Mirelor]]

Latest revision as of 10:19, October 22, 2012

St Nicholas of Myra

Our father among the saints Nicholas of Myra, Wonder-worker, was the archbishop of Myra in southern Asia Minor in the fourth century and is also the basis for the Santa Claus legends and imagery which accompany Christmas celebrations in much of the world.

While widely honored and venerated, not only in the Orthodox Church, but throughout most Christian groups, little is known historically of the life of Nicholas. He is known to have been archbishop of Myra and he may have participated in the Council of Nicea in 325. In addition to being honored as the patron saint of many countries, notably Greece and Russia, and of cities, he is the patron of many occupational groups, most notably of sea-farers. St. Nicholas is commemorated by the Church on December 6, and also on May 9 (the transfer of his relics) and on July 29 (his nativity).

Contents

Life and tradition

By tradition, Nicholas born in the province of Lycia in the southern part of Asia Minor in the city of Patara to well-to-do parents. The date of his birth is not known. Having inherited his parents' estate, he became known for his generous gifts to those in need. As a youth, he made pilgrimages to Palestine and Egypt. He was subsequently consecrated Archbishop of Myra as the fourth century began. He was imprisoned during the persecutions of Diocletian and released by Constantine after his ascension to emperor. Nicholas was noted for his defense of Orthodoxy against the Arians. He is reputed to have been present at the Council of Nicea, but his name does not appear among any documents from that era. He died in Myra on December 6 in a year uncertain, but between 342 and 352.

St Nicholas the Wonderworker

Many of the details of his life that we have appeared during medieval times. St. Methodius, Patriarch of Constantinople, in the middle of the ninth century produced a life of Nicholas in which he noted that the life of Nicholas was unknown to most of the Christians of the time, thus indicating his composition was probably based mainly on legend. Methodius noted that Nicholas was raised well by pious and well-to-do parents and related how Nicholas contributed from his inheritance the dowry for three daughters of a citizen of Patara who had lost all his money.

His feast was being celebrated by the time of St. Justinian two centuries after his death. After Methodius' life of Nicholas became available, Nicholas was acclaimed and honored throughout Europe and especially in Italy. When Myra was captured by the Saracens in 1034, many Italian cities planned to "rescue" his relics. In 1087, forces from Bari, Italy, attacked Myra and carried away his relics from the lawful Greek guardians in Myra to Bari where they were enshrined in a new church. His fame increased. The story of his rescue of sailors in the Aegean Sea during his lifetime established him as the patron of mariners. His popularity in Russia rose to the point that almost all churches had some sort of shrine honoring St. Nicholas.

Secular fame

In time his fame in northern Europe as a saintly bishop began changing to that of a giver of gifts to children, usually done on December 6. As immigrants from the Germanic and Nordic lands settled in the United States the image of St. Nicholas, or "Sinterklaas," as he is known among the Dutch, slowly changed to that of "Santa Claus" with little tie to the spirituality of Christianity.

Hymns

Troparion (Tone 4)

In truth you were revealed to your flock as a rule of faith,
an image of humility and a teacher of abstinence;
your humility exalted you;
your poverty enriched you.
Hierarch Father Nicholas,
entreat Christ our God
that our souls may be saved.

Kontakion (Tone 3)

You revealed yourself, O saint, in Myra as a priest,
For you fulfilled the Gospel of Christ
By giving up your soul for your people,
And saving the innocent from death.
Therefore you are blessed as one become wise in the grace of God.

External links

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