Nicholas (Yarushevich) of Krutitsy

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'''Metropolitan Nicholas''' ({{lang-ru|Митрополит Николай}}, born as '''Boris Dorofeyevich Yarushevich''' (Борис Дорофеевич Ярушевич; Juanuary 13, 1892 <small>(December 31, 1891 [[wikipedia:Old Style and New Style dates|OS]])</small>, [[wikipedia:Kaunas|Kovno]] – December 13, 1961, [[wikipedia:Moscow|Moscow]]), was a bishop of the [[Russian Orthodox Church]].  
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[[File:Nicholas (Yarushevich).JPG|right|thumb|Metropolitan Nicholas (Yarushevich).]]
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'''Metropolitan Nicholas''' ({{lang-ru|Митрополит Николай}}, decular name '''Boris Dorofeyevich Yarushevich''', {{lang-ru|Борис Дорофеевич Ярушевич}}; [[January 13]], 1892 <small>(December 31, 1891 [[wikipedia:Old Style and New Style dates|OS]])</small>, [[wikipedia:Kaunas|Kovno]] – [[December 13]], 1961, [[wikipedia:Moscow|Moscow]]), was a [[bishop]] of the [[Russian Orthodox Church]].
  
He supported the controversial 1927 declaration of [[Sergius (Stragorodsky) of Moscow|Metropolitan Sergius]], pledging loyalty of the Church to the Soviet authorities against the will of the imprisoned Patriarchal ''locum tenens'', [[Peter (Polyansky) of Krutitsy]], and Sergius' subsequent collaboration with them.
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He supported the controversial 1927 declaration of [[Sergius (Stragorodsky) of Moscow|Metropolitan Sergius]], pledging loyalty of the Church to the Soviet authorities without concurrence of the imprisoned Patriarchal ''locum tenens'', [[Peter (Polyansky) of Krutitsy]], and Sergius' subsequent collaboration with them.
  
 
In 1941 he became Metropolitan of [[wikipedia:Volhynia|Volhynia]] and [[wikipedia:Lutsk|Lutsk]] and later, after the German invasion of the Soviet Union, Metropolitan of [[wikipedia:|Kiev]] and [[wikipedia:Galicia (Central Europe)|Galicia]]. Later, as the German troops advanced, he was evacuated to Moscow.
 
In 1941 he became Metropolitan of [[wikipedia:Volhynia|Volhynia]] and [[wikipedia:Lutsk|Lutsk]] and later, after the German invasion of the Soviet Union, Metropolitan of [[wikipedia:|Kiev]] and [[wikipedia:Galicia (Central Europe)|Galicia]]. Later, as the German troops advanced, he was evacuated to Moscow.
  
On September 4, 1943, together with Metropolitan Sergius and Metropolitan [[Alexei I (Simansky) of Moscow|Alexius]], Nicholas had a meeting with Soviet leader [[wikipedia:Joseph Stalin|Joseph Stalin]], where the latter proposed to reestablish the Moscow Patriarchate and elect the [[Patriarch of Moscow|Patriarch]]. On September 8, 1943, when the Moscow Patriarchate was reestablished, Nikolay became a permanent member of the [[Holy Synod]]. In 1944 he was appointed Metropolian of [[wikipedia:Krutitsy|Krutitsy]]. In 1946, when the External Church Relations Department was established within the Patriarchate, Metropolitan Nikolay became its chairman. In 1947 he became Meptropolitan of Krutitsy and [[wikipedia:Kolomna|Kolomna]].
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On [[September 4]], 1943, together with Metropolitan Sergius and Metropolitan [[Alexei I (Simansky) of Moscow|Alexius]], Nicholas had a meeting with Soviet leader [[wikipedia:Joseph Stalin|Joseph Stalin]], where the latter proposed to reestablish the Moscow Patriarchate and elect the [[Patriarch]]. On [[September 8]], 1943, when the Moscow Patriarchate was reestablished, Nikolay became a permanent member of the [[Holy Synod]]. In 1944 he was appointed Metropolian of [[wikipedia:Krutitsy|Krutitsy]]. In 1946, when the External Church Relations Department was established within the Patriarchate, Metropolitan Nikolay became its chairman. In 1947 he became Metropolitan of Krutitsy and [[wikipedia:Kolomna|Kolomna]].
  
In 1950 he became a member of the [[World Peace Council]], occupying a staunchly pro-Soviet position.<ref name="times">http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,805739,00.html</ref>
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In 1950 he became a member of the [[w:World Peace Council|World Peace Council]], occupying a staunchly pro-Soviet position.<ref name="times">[http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,805739,00.html Time, March 5, 1951]</ref>
  
 
Nikolay held Joseph Stalin in high esteem. However, his increasingly open opposition to [[atheism]] put him at odds with the Soviet leadership under [[wikipedia:Nikita Khrushchev|Nikita Khrushchev]]. In 1960 he was dismissed from the position of the Chairman of the External Church Relations Department and later left the position of Metropolitan of Krutitsy and Kolomna.
 
Nikolay held Joseph Stalin in high esteem. However, his increasingly open opposition to [[atheism]] put him at odds with the Soviet leadership under [[wikipedia:Nikita Khrushchev|Nikita Khrushchev]]. In 1960 he was dismissed from the position of the Chairman of the External Church Relations Department and later left the position of Metropolitan of Krutitsy and Kolomna.
  
{{reflist}}
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{{start box}}
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{{succession|
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before = - |
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title = Archbishop of Peterhof|
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years = 1922&mdash;1940|
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after = Marcel (Vetrov) }}
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{{succession|
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before = [[Alexius (Gromadsky) of Volhynia|Alexius (Gromadsky)]] |
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title = Metropolitan of Volhynia and Lutsk|
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years = 1940&mdash;1942|
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after = [[Alexius (Gromadsky) of Volhynia|Alexius (Gromadsky)]] }}
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{{succession|
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before=?|
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title = Metropolitan of Kiev and Galiсia|
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years = 1942-1944|
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after = [[John (Sokolov) of Kiev|John (Sokolov)]]}}
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{{succession|
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before= [[Peter (Polyansky) of Krutitsy|Peter (Polyansky)]]|
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title=Metropolitan of Krutitsy and Kolomna|
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years=1944-1960|
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after= Pitirim (Sviridov)}}
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{{end box}} 
  
{{DEFAULTSORT:Nikolay}}
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==Reference==
[[Category:Russian Orthodox Christians]]
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<references/>
[[Category:Eastern Orthodox Christians from Russia]]
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[[Category:Eastern Orthodox bishops]]
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[[Category:1892 births]]
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[[Category:1961 deaths]]
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{{stub}}
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==External Links==
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* {{ru icon}} [http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9D%D0%B8%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%B0%D0%B9_(%D0%AF%D1%80%D1%83%D1%88%D0%B5%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%87) Николай (Ярушевич)]. Russian Wikipedia.
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[[Category: Bishops]]
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[[Category: Bishops of Volhynia]]
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[[Category: Bishops of Kiev]]
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[[Category: Bishops of Krutitsy]]
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[[Category:20th-century bishops]]

Latest revision as of 15:33, June 7, 2012

Metropolitan Nicholas (Yarushevich).

Metropolitan Nicholas (Russian: Митрополит Николай, decular name Boris Dorofeyevich Yarushevich, Russian: Борис Дорофеевич Ярушевич; January 13, 1892 (December 31, 1891 OS), KovnoDecember 13, 1961, Moscow), was a bishop of the Russian Orthodox Church.

He supported the controversial 1927 declaration of Metropolitan Sergius, pledging loyalty of the Church to the Soviet authorities without concurrence of the imprisoned Patriarchal locum tenens, Peter (Polyansky) of Krutitsy, and Sergius' subsequent collaboration with them.

In 1941 he became Metropolitan of Volhynia and Lutsk and later, after the German invasion of the Soviet Union, Metropolitan of Kiev and Galicia. Later, as the German troops advanced, he was evacuated to Moscow.

On September 4, 1943, together with Metropolitan Sergius and Metropolitan Alexius, Nicholas had a meeting with Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, where the latter proposed to reestablish the Moscow Patriarchate and elect the Patriarch. On September 8, 1943, when the Moscow Patriarchate was reestablished, Nikolay became a permanent member of the Holy Synod. In 1944 he was appointed Metropolian of Krutitsy. In 1946, when the External Church Relations Department was established within the Patriarchate, Metropolitan Nikolay became its chairman. In 1947 he became Metropolitan of Krutitsy and Kolomna.

In 1950 he became a member of the World Peace Council, occupying a staunchly pro-Soviet position.[1]

Nikolay held Joseph Stalin in high esteem. However, his increasingly open opposition to atheism put him at odds with the Soviet leadership under Nikita Khrushchev. In 1960 he was dismissed from the position of the Chairman of the External Church Relations Department and later left the position of Metropolitan of Krutitsy and Kolomna.

Succession box:
Nicholas (Yarushevich) of Krutitsy
Preceded by:
-
Archbishop of Peterhof
1922—1940
Succeeded by:
Marcel (Vetrov)
Preceded by:
Alexius (Gromadsky)
Metropolitan of Volhynia and Lutsk
1940—1942
Succeeded by:
Alexius (Gromadsky)
Preceded by:
?
Metropolitan of Kiev and Galiсia
1942-1944
Succeeded by:
John (Sokolov)
Preceded by:
Peter (Polyansky)
Metropolitan of Krutitsy and Kolomna
1944-1960
Succeeded by:
Pitirim (Sviridov)
Help with box



Reference

  1. Time, March 5, 1951

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