Nectarios of Pentapolis

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'''St. Nectarios''' (1846-1920), Metropolitan of Pentapolis and Wonderworker of Aegina, was officially recognized as a Saint by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople in 1961. His Feast Day is celebrated every year on [[9 November]].
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'''St. Nectarios''' (1846-1920), [[Metropolitan]] of Pentapolis and [[Wonderworker]] of Aegina, was officially recognized as a [[saint]] by the [[Ecumenical Patriarchate]] of Constantinople in 1961. His [[feast day]] is celebrated on [[November 9]].  He is often referred to as '''Nectarios of Pentapolis''' or '''Nectarios of Aegina''', and his name is sometimes spelled ''Nektarios''.
  
 
== Life ==
 
== Life ==
[[Image:Saint_nektarios.jpg|thumb|St. Nectarios of Aegina (1846-1920)]] St. Nectarios was born on 1 October 1846 in Selymbria in Thrace to a poor family. His given name was Anastasios Cephalas. At the age of 14 he moved to Constantinople (Istanbul) to work and further his education. In 1866 he left to the island of Chios to take a teaching post. He then became a Monk at the age of thirty.
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[[Image:Saint_nektarios.jpg|thumb|St. Nectarios of Aegina (1846-1920)]]
 +
St. Nectarios was born on [[October 1]], 1846, in Selymbria in Thrace to a poor family. His given name was Anastasios Cephalas. At the age of 14 he moved to Constantinople (Istanbul) to work and further his education. In 1866 he left to the island of Chios to take a teaching post. He then became a [[monk]] at the age of thirty.
  
Three years after becoming a monk he was ordained a Deacon, taking the name Nectarios. He graduated from the University of Athens in 1885. During his years as a student of the University of Athens he wrote many books, pamphlets, and Bible commentaries.  
+
Three years after becoming a monk he was [[ordination|ordained]] a [[deacon]], taking the name Nectarios. He graduated from the University of Athens in 1885. During his years as a student of the University of Athens he wrote many books, pamphlets, and [[Bible]] commentaries.  
  
Following his graduation he went to Alexandria, Egypt, where he was ordained a Priest and served the Church of Saint Nicholas in Cairo with great distinction. In recognition of his piety and brilliance as a preacher, as well as his administrative ability, he was consecrated Bishop/Metropolitan of Pentapolis (an ancient diocese in Cyrenaica, in what is now Libya) by the Greek Orthodox Patriarch Sophronios in 1889.  
+
Following his graduation he went to Alexandria, Egypt, where he was ordained a [[priest]] and served the Church of Saint Nicholas in Cairo with great distinction. In recognition of his piety and brilliance as a preacher, as well as his administrative ability, he was consecrated Bishop/Metropolitan of Pentapolis (an ancient [[diocese]] in Cyrenaica, in what is now Libya) by the Greek Orthodox Patriarch Sophronios in 1889.
 +
[[Image:Nektarios.jpg|thumb|right|St. Nektarios of Aegina as Metropolitan of Pentapolis.]]
 +
He served as a bishop in Cairo for one year, but was then unjustly removed from his post. This was a result of lies made up by jealous clerics who envied his popularity with the people. Patriarch Sophronios refused to listen to St. Nectarios, who was sent away from Egypt without trial or explanation and was never given an opportunity to defend himself.  
  
He served as a Bishop in Cairo for one year, and was them unjustly removed from his post by jealous clerics who envied his popularity with the people. Lies were made up against him by the jealous clergy. Patriarch Sophronios refused to listen to St. Nectarios. He was sent away from Egypt without trial or explanation, and was never given an opportunity to defend himself.  
+
After his dismissal, he returned to Greece in 1891 and spent several years as a preacher (1891-1894). He was then appointed director of the Rizarios Ecclesiastical School for the education of priests in Athens, where his service was exemplary for fifteen years. He developed many courses of study and wrote numerous books, all while preaching widely throughout Athens.  
  
After his dismissal, he returned to Greece in 1891, and spent several years as a preacher (1891-1894). He was then appointed director of the Rizarios Ecclesiastical School for the education of priests in Athens, where his service was exemplary for fifteen years. He developed many courses of study, and wrote numerous books, all while preaching widely throughout Athens.  
+
In 1904 at the request of several [[nun]]s, he established a [[monastery]] for them on the island of Aegina. The monastery was named Holy Trinity Monastery.
  
In 1904 at the request of several nuns, he established a monastery for them on the island of Aegina. The Monastery was named Holy Trinity Monastery.
+
In December of 1908, at the age of 62, St. Nectarios resigned from his post as school director and withdrew to the Holy Trinity Convent on Aegina, where he lived out the rest of his life as a monk. He wrote, published, preached, and heard [[confession]]s from those who came from near and far to seek out his spiritual guidance.
 
+
In December of 1908, at the age of 62, St. Nectarios resigned from his post as school director and withdrew to the Holy Trinity Convent on Aegina, where he lived out the rest of his life as a Monk. He wrote, published, preached, and heard confessions from those who came from near and far to seek out his spiritual guidance.
+
  
 
While at the monastery, he also tended the gardens, carried stones, and helped with the construction of the monastery buildings that were built with his own funds. He was also the Metropolitan of the island of Aegina.
 
While at the monastery, he also tended the gardens, carried stones, and helped with the construction of the monastery buildings that were built with his own funds. He was also the Metropolitan of the island of Aegina.
  
St. Nectarios died on the evening of 9 November 1920 at the age of 74, following hospitalization for prostate cancer. His body was taken to the Holy Trinity Convent, where he was buried by a Priest-Monk named Savas, who later painted the first icon of St. Nectarios. The funeral of St. Nectarios was attended by multitudes of people from all parts of Greece and Egypt.  
+
St. Nectarios died on the evening of [[November 9]], 1920, at the age of 74, following hospitalization for prostate cancer. His body was taken to the Holy Trinity Convent, where he was buried by a Priest-Monk named [[Sava the New|Savas]], who later painted the first [[icon]] of St. Nectarios. The funeral of St. Nectarios was attended by multitudes of people from all parts of Greece and Egypt.  
  
Many people regarded St. Nectarios as a Saint during his lifetime because of his prayerful life, his humility, his purity and other virtues, his writings, as well as the miracles he performed. St. Nectarios also had the gift of prescience.  
+
[[image:Nektariosicon.jpg|thumb|right|An icon of St. Nectarios of Aegina]]Many people regarded St. Nectarios as a saint during his lifetime because of his prayerful life, his [[humility]], his purity and other virtues, and his writings, as well as the miracles he performed. St. Nectarios also had the gift of prescience.  
  
The relics of St. Nectarios were removed from the grave on 2 September 1953 and gave out a beautiful fragrance. Official recognition of Nectarios as a Saint by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople took place on 20 April 1961.
+
The [[relics]] of St. Nectarios were removed from the grave on [[September 2]], 1953, and gave out a beautiful fragrance. Official recognition of Nectarios as a saint by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople took place on [[April 20]], 1961. Thousands of [[miracle]]s have been attributed to his intercession, particularly cases of cancer or other serious illnesses being cured.  
  
The Feast Day of St. Nectarios is celebrated every year on 9 November. Thousands of miracles have been attributed to his intercession.
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==Decision of the Church of Alexandria==
 
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==Decision of the Holy Synod of the Greek Patriarchate of Alexandria and all Africa==
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''Alexandria 15th September 1998''
 
''Alexandria 15th September 1998''
  
''The Holy Spirit has enlightened the gathered members of the Holy Synod of the Patriarchate of Alexandria and all Africa, under the leadership of [[Petros VII (Papapetrou) of Alexandria|H.B. Petros VII]], Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and all Africa, more than a century since Saint Nektarios, the great Teacher and Father of the Holy Eastern Orthodox Church was expelled from the Church of Alexandria, to reach the following decision:''
+
''The Holy Spirit has enlightened the gathered members of the [[Holy Synod]] of the [[Patriarchate]] of Alexandria and all Africa, under the leadership of [[Petros VII (Papapetrou) of Alexandria|H.B. Petros VII]], [[Pope]] and Patriarch of Alexandria and all Africa, more than a century since Saint Nektarios, the great Teacher and Father of the Holy Eastern Orthodox Church was expelled from the [[Church of Alexandria]], to reach the following decision:''
  
 
''Taking into account the resolution of the Church to rank Saint Nektarios amongst the saints because of his innumerable miracles and his acceptance within the religious conscience of Orthodox Christians throughout the world, we appeal to the mercy of the ever-charitable God.''
 
''Taking into account the resolution of the Church to rank Saint Nektarios amongst the saints because of his innumerable miracles and his acceptance within the religious conscience of Orthodox Christians throughout the world, we appeal to the mercy of the ever-charitable God.''
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''We hereby restore the ecclesiastical order of the Saint of our Century, Saint Nektarios, and grant to him all due credits and honors. We beseech Saint Nektarios to forgive both us, unworthy as we are, and our predecessors, our brothers of the Throne of Alexandria, for opposition to the Saint and for all which, due to human weakness or error, our Holy Father, Bishop of Pentapolis, Saint Nektarios, suffered.''
 
''We hereby restore the ecclesiastical order of the Saint of our Century, Saint Nektarios, and grant to him all due credits and honors. We beseech Saint Nektarios to forgive both us, unworthy as we are, and our predecessors, our brothers of the Throne of Alexandria, for opposition to the Saint and for all which, due to human weakness or error, our Holy Father, Bishop of Pentapolis, Saint Nektarios, suffered.''
  
''PETROS VII''
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''PETROS VII''<br>
''By the Grace of God''
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''By the Grace of God''<br>
''Pope and Patriarch''
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''Pope and Patriarch''<br>
''of Alexandria and All Africa.''
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''of Alexandria and All Africa.''<sup>[http://www.greekorthodox-alexandria.org/History/st_nect.htm]</sup>
  
== External Links ==
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==Special Relationships==
'''Biographical Accounts'''
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* '''[[Philotheos (Zervakos)]]''' - From the Holy Monastery of Panagia Myrtidiotissa, Elder Philotheos wrote a well-known [[apologetics|apologetic]] in 1976 addressed to Archimandrite Cyprian.<ref>The most reverend Cyprian, Dr. Theol., is the Metropolitan of Oropos and Fili and President of the [[Holy Synod in Resistance]], Orthodox Church of Greece. He is the spiritual son of Elder Philotheos.</ref> This letter (cf. External links) is considered of extreme historical importance in the Orthodox Church since it is written in defense of his spiritual father, St. Nectarios.
* http://www.serfes.org/spiritual/november2000.htm
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* '''[[Amphilochios (Makris)]]''' - he always had a great desire to meet the holy Metropolitan. When His excellency asked him, "What the greatest and most singular desire of his soul was", the elder responded in simplicity, ''"I wish that everybody would become monastics"''. The elder is the only person who was invited by the Saint to stay overnight in his private quarters.
* http://www.st-seraphim.com/nectarios.htm
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* http://tserkovnost.org/articles/nectarios.html
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* http://www.fatheralexander.org/booklets/english/saint_nektarios_egina_e.htm#_Toc60879398
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'''Selected Writings'''
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==Hymn==
* http://www.fatheralexander.org/booklets/english/saint_nektarios_egina_e.htm#_Toc60879402
+
[[Apolytikion]] in the First Tone: O faithful, let us honor Nectarios, divine servant of Christ, offspring of Silivria and guardian of Aegina, who in these latter years was manifested as the true friend of virtue. All manner of healing wells forth for those who in piety cry out, "Glory to Christ who glorified you; glory to Him who, through you, wrought wonders; glory to Him who, through you, works healing for all."
* http://www.serfes.org/writtings/stnectarios.htm
+
  
'''Some Miracle Accounts'''
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Kontakian:
* http://www.sprint.net.au/~corners/Nov98/StNectarios.htm
+
"In joy of heart let us hymn with songs the newly revealed star of Orthodoxy, the newly erected bulwark of the Church; for, glorified by the activity of the Spirit, he poureth forth the abundant grace of healing upon those who cry: Rejoice, O Father Nektarios, model of patience and lover of virtue." (Source: Akathist to Our Holy Father Nekatarios of Aegina)
  
 +
== See also ==
 +
*[[Agni Parthene]], a hymn written by St. Nektarios
 +
 +
==References==
 +
<references/>
 +
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== External links ==
 +
*[http://www.serfes.org/spiritual/november2000.htm A Brief Account Of The Life Of St. Nectarios, Metropolitan of Aegina] by Fr. Nektarios (Demetrios) Serfes
 +
*[http://www.st-seraphim.com/nectarios.htm In Honor of St. Nectarios]
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*[http://tserkovnost.org/articles/nectarios.html A Lamp Lighted by God - St. Nectarios of Aegina]
 +
*[http://www.fatheralexander.org/booklets/english/saint_nektarios_egina_e.htm Saint Nektarios of Egina] (Life and Writings)
 +
*[http://www.serfes.org/writtings/stnectarios.htm Writings Of Saint Nectarios Of Aegina: Selected Passages From The Writings Of Orthodox Saints]
 +
*[http://www.sprint.net.au/~corners/Nov98/StNectarios.htm Some Miracles of St Nectarios Metropolitan of Pentapolis]
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*[http://groups.yahoo.com/group/arbible/message/23759 Visiting Aghios Nectarios, Aegina island, Greece (departing from Athens) - With photos]
 +
*[http://www.comeandseeicons.com/n/rbp05.htm Icon of St. Nectarios of Aegina]
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*[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ptg3RVtoeYA YouTube video about St. Nectarios of Aegina]
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[[Category:Bishops]]
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[[Category:19th-century bishops]]
 
[[Category:Saints]]
 
[[Category:Saints]]
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[[Category:Greek Saints]]
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[[Category:Wonderworkers]]
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[[Category:Modern Saints]]
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[[Category:University of Athens Theology School Graduates]]
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[[Category:20th-century saints]]
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[[el:Νεκτάριος Αιγίνης]]
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[[es:Nectario de Égina]]
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[[fr:Nectaire d'Égine]]
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[[ro:Nectarie din Eghina]]

Revision as of 12:31, October 23, 2012

St. Nectarios (1846-1920), Metropolitan of Pentapolis and Wonderworker of Aegina, was officially recognized as a saint by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople in 1961. His feast day is celebrated on November 9. He is often referred to as Nectarios of Pentapolis or Nectarios of Aegina, and his name is sometimes spelled Nektarios.

Contents

Life

St. Nectarios of Aegina (1846-1920)

St. Nectarios was born on October 1, 1846, in Selymbria in Thrace to a poor family. His given name was Anastasios Cephalas. At the age of 14 he moved to Constantinople (Istanbul) to work and further his education. In 1866 he left to the island of Chios to take a teaching post. He then became a monk at the age of thirty.

Three years after becoming a monk he was ordained a deacon, taking the name Nectarios. He graduated from the University of Athens in 1885. During his years as a student of the University of Athens he wrote many books, pamphlets, and Bible commentaries.

Following his graduation he went to Alexandria, Egypt, where he was ordained a priest and served the Church of Saint Nicholas in Cairo with great distinction. In recognition of his piety and brilliance as a preacher, as well as his administrative ability, he was consecrated Bishop/Metropolitan of Pentapolis (an ancient diocese in Cyrenaica, in what is now Libya) by the Greek Orthodox Patriarch Sophronios in 1889.

St. Nektarios of Aegina as Metropolitan of Pentapolis.

He served as a bishop in Cairo for one year, but was then unjustly removed from his post. This was a result of lies made up by jealous clerics who envied his popularity with the people. Patriarch Sophronios refused to listen to St. Nectarios, who was sent away from Egypt without trial or explanation and was never given an opportunity to defend himself.

After his dismissal, he returned to Greece in 1891 and spent several years as a preacher (1891-1894). He was then appointed director of the Rizarios Ecclesiastical School for the education of priests in Athens, where his service was exemplary for fifteen years. He developed many courses of study and wrote numerous books, all while preaching widely throughout Athens.

In 1904 at the request of several nuns, he established a monastery for them on the island of Aegina. The monastery was named Holy Trinity Monastery.

In December of 1908, at the age of 62, St. Nectarios resigned from his post as school director and withdrew to the Holy Trinity Convent on Aegina, where he lived out the rest of his life as a monk. He wrote, published, preached, and heard confessions from those who came from near and far to seek out his spiritual guidance.

While at the monastery, he also tended the gardens, carried stones, and helped with the construction of the monastery buildings that were built with his own funds. He was also the Metropolitan of the island of Aegina.

St. Nectarios died on the evening of November 9, 1920, at the age of 74, following hospitalization for prostate cancer. His body was taken to the Holy Trinity Convent, where he was buried by a Priest-Monk named Savas, who later painted the first icon of St. Nectarios. The funeral of St. Nectarios was attended by multitudes of people from all parts of Greece and Egypt.

An icon of St. Nectarios of Aegina
Many people regarded St. Nectarios as a saint during his lifetime because of his prayerful life, his humility, his purity and other virtues, and his writings, as well as the miracles he performed. St. Nectarios also had the gift of prescience.

The relics of St. Nectarios were removed from the grave on September 2, 1953, and gave out a beautiful fragrance. Official recognition of Nectarios as a saint by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople took place on April 20, 1961. Thousands of miracles have been attributed to his intercession, particularly cases of cancer or other serious illnesses being cured.

Decision of the Church of Alexandria

Alexandria 15th September 1998

The Holy Spirit has enlightened the gathered members of the Holy Synod of the Patriarchate of Alexandria and all Africa, under the leadership of H.B. Petros VII, Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and all Africa, more than a century since Saint Nektarios, the great Teacher and Father of the Holy Eastern Orthodox Church was expelled from the Church of Alexandria, to reach the following decision:

Taking into account the resolution of the Church to rank Saint Nektarios amongst the saints because of his innumerable miracles and his acceptance within the religious conscience of Orthodox Christians throughout the world, we appeal to the mercy of the ever-charitable God.

We hereby restore the ecclesiastical order of the Saint of our Century, Saint Nektarios, and grant to him all due credits and honors. We beseech Saint Nektarios to forgive both us, unworthy as we are, and our predecessors, our brothers of the Throne of Alexandria, for opposition to the Saint and for all which, due to human weakness or error, our Holy Father, Bishop of Pentapolis, Saint Nektarios, suffered.

PETROS VII
By the Grace of God
Pope and Patriarch
of Alexandria and All Africa.[1]

Special Relationships

  • Philotheos (Zervakos) - From the Holy Monastery of Panagia Myrtidiotissa, Elder Philotheos wrote a well-known apologetic in 1976 addressed to Archimandrite Cyprian.[1] This letter (cf. External links) is considered of extreme historical importance in the Orthodox Church since it is written in defense of his spiritual father, St. Nectarios.
  • Amphilochios (Makris) - he always had a great desire to meet the holy Metropolitan. When His excellency asked him, "What the greatest and most singular desire of his soul was", the elder responded in simplicity, "I wish that everybody would become monastics". The elder is the only person who was invited by the Saint to stay overnight in his private quarters.

Hymn

Apolytikion in the First Tone: O faithful, let us honor Nectarios, divine servant of Christ, offspring of Silivria and guardian of Aegina, who in these latter years was manifested as the true friend of virtue. All manner of healing wells forth for those who in piety cry out, "Glory to Christ who glorified you; glory to Him who, through you, wrought wonders; glory to Him who, through you, works healing for all."

Kontakian: "In joy of heart let us hymn with songs the newly revealed star of Orthodoxy, the newly erected bulwark of the Church; for, glorified by the activity of the Spirit, he poureth forth the abundant grace of healing upon those who cry: Rejoice, O Father Nektarios, model of patience and lover of virtue." (Source: Akathist to Our Holy Father Nekatarios of Aegina)

See also

References

  1. The most reverend Cyprian, Dr. Theol., is the Metropolitan of Oropos and Fili and President of the Holy Synod in Resistance, Orthodox Church of Greece. He is the spiritual son of Elder Philotheos.

External links

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