Naum of Preslav

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==Life==
 
==Life==
[[Saint]] Naum flourished during the reign of Michael the king of the Romans, son of Theophilos the [[Iconoclasm|iconoclast]], in 842, when Sts. [[Cyril and Methodius]] and Clement lived in the lands of Bulgaria struggling to enlighten the deceived nation of the Bulgarians with the faith of Christ and [[Orthodox Church|orthodoxy]]. This holy Naum following in everything these first guides of Bulgaria used to preach the message of piety while being beaten, mocked and grieved and while suffering persecutions and scourges from the unbelievers and enemies of Christ.  
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[[Saint]] Naum flourished during the reign of Michael the king of the Romans, son of Theophilos the [[Iconoclasm|iconoclast]], in 842. At this time Sts. [[Cyril and Methodius]] and Clement lived in Bulgaria, where they struggled to enlighten the deceived nation of the Bulgarians with the faith of Christ and [[Orthodox Church|orthodoxy]]. Naum followed his illustrious predecessors in everything. He preached the faith while being beaten, mocked, and suffering persecutions and scourges from the unbelievers and enemies of Christ.  
  
Because the aforementioned fathers, i.e. holy Cyril and Methodios and Clement the [[Equal-to-the-Apostles|equals of the apostles]], wanted to translate the Old and New [[Scripture]]s from Greek to Bulgarian using the letters and words which they had devised to be understood by Bulgarians, they thought it reasonable to submit this work to [[Pope]] Hadrian of Rome so that it might receive authority and approval from him as well.
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Because the aforementioned fathers, i.e. holy Cyril and Methodius and Clement the [[Equal-to-the-Apostles|equals of the apostles]], wanted to translate the [[Scripture]]s from Greek to Bulgarian using the letters and words which they had devised to be understood by Bulgarians, they thought it reasonable to submit this work to [[Pope]] Hadrian of Rome so that it might receive authority and approval from him as well.
  
So, this divine Naum went to Rome with them. The aforesaid Pope accepted them with honour and courtesy. God showed through these servants of His a lot of [[miracle]]s in Rome, from which (and from other revelations) the Pope came to know that this work of translation was from God. Indeed, he compared the Greek text of the Scriptures with the Bulgarian one and found that they were agreeing in everything. So, he approved of and authorised this translation and voted that it should be given to the Bulgarians to learn in order to understand more things about piety.
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Thus Naum went to Rome with them, and Pope Hadrian accepted them with honour and courtesy. God produced many [[miracle]]s in Rome through His servants. Sick men that hastened to them were cured in a wonderful way: as soon as they looked the saints in the eyes they were freed from their diseases. Due to these miracles (and from other revelations) the Pope came to know that this work of translation was from God. Indeed, he compared the Greek text of the Scriptures with the Bulgarian one and found that they agreed in everything. So, he approved of and authorized the translation.
  
This St. Naum being more earnest and younger than the aforementioned saints struggled greatly serving in everything that they would order. When they were about to leave Rome, God performed through them many miracles, because all sick men that hastened to them were cured in a wonderful way; i.e. as soon as they looked the saints in their eyes they were freed from their diseases. The saints were so gracious that a healing power sprang from their eyes. So, St. Cyril the initiator of the translation of the Scriptures stayed in Rome and left for the Lord full of years, while holy Methodios taking his disciples with him, one of which was this divine Naum, decided to return again to Bulgaria. On his return he went to the land of Allamans (i.e. Germans) who had a lot of [[Heresy|heresies]] (even that of [[Apollinarism|Apolinarius]]) and they would even blaspheme against the [[Holy Spirit]] (i.e. [[filioque]]). But because holy Methodios together with Naum were struggling to bring them back to orthodoxy, those barbarians punished the saints with beatings and tearings and with other tortures and then they put them in prison.
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Afterwards, St. Cyril, the initiator of the translation stayed in Rome, where he eventually reposed in the Lord, while holy Methodius took his disciples with him. Naum was one of these who decided to return again to Bulgaria. On his return he went to the land of Allamans (i.e. Germans), where various [[Heresy|heresies]] were widespread, including [[Apollinarism]], [[Arianism]], and the [[filioque]]. There holy Methodius, together with Naum, struggled to bring the heretics back to Orthodoxy. In return the barbarians punished the saints with beatings and other tortures and finally put them in prison.
  
So, while the saints were praying in prison, there was a great earthquake from which the whole place was moved, many houses of the impious men collapsed, the saints' bonds fell loose and the doors of the prison opened. Thus, the saints came out and started walking on the street joyfully, as the holy [[Apostles]] had done, because they were deemed worthy to be disgraced for the sake of the Holy Spirit. When they returned to Bulgaria, they were received by Michael, the leader of the Bulgarians, who distributed them to the
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While the saints were praying in prison, there was a great earthquake which shook the whole area. Many houses belonging to the impious men collapsed, the saints' bonds fell loose, and the doors of the prison opened. Thus, the saints came out and started walking on the street joyfully, as the holy [[Apostles]] had done, because they were deemed worthy to be disgraced for the sake of the Holy Spirit. When they returned to Bulgaria, they were received by Michael, the leader of the Bulgarians, who sent them to neighbouring countries to preach the name of Christ and distribute the Bulgarian translation of the Holy Scriptures. Naum went along with St. [[Clement of Ochrid|Clement]], walking with him all over Bulgaria, especially to Diabya, Moesia and Panonia (Hungary), all the while preaching the message of piety. St. Naum did not part from his company till he breathed his last, helping him as Aaron had helped [[Moses]]. So, after St. Naum had moved around the aforementioned Diabya and lived for some time in a holy and God-pleasing way, he departed to the Lord, leaving his holy [[relics]] as an endless treasure of miracles for those who would hasten to him in faith.
neighbouring countries to preach the name of Christ and the Bulgarian translation of the holy Scriptures. Then St. Clement received this divine Naum and walked to various places of Bulgaria, especially to Diabya, Moesia and Panonia (Hungary) preaching the message of piety. St. Naum did not part from his company till he breathed his last, helping him as Aaron had helped [[Moses]]. So, after St. Naum had moved around the aforementioned Diabya and lived for some time in a holy and pleasing-to-God way, he left for the Lord leaving his holy [[relics]] as an endless treasure of miracles for those who would hasten to him in faith.
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==Sources and further reading==
 
==Sources and further reading==
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[[Category:Saints]]
 
[[Category:Saints]]
 
[[Category:Bulgarian Saints]]
 
[[Category:Bulgarian Saints]]
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[[Category:Wonderworkers]]
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[[Category:9th-century saints]]

Latest revision as of 20:06, January 8, 2013

Icon of Saint Naum
Our holy and God-bearing father Naum of Preslav (or Naum the Miracle-worker of Ohrid) was a preacher who enlightened Bulgaria with the faith of Christ. His feastday is celebrated on December 23.

Life

Saint Naum flourished during the reign of Michael the king of the Romans, son of Theophilos the iconoclast, in 842. At this time Sts. Cyril and Methodius and Clement lived in Bulgaria, where they struggled to enlighten the deceived nation of the Bulgarians with the faith of Christ and orthodoxy. Naum followed his illustrious predecessors in everything. He preached the faith while being beaten, mocked, and suffering persecutions and scourges from the unbelievers and enemies of Christ.

Because the aforementioned fathers, i.e. holy Cyril and Methodius and Clement the equals of the apostles, wanted to translate the Scriptures from Greek to Bulgarian using the letters and words which they had devised to be understood by Bulgarians, they thought it reasonable to submit this work to Pope Hadrian of Rome so that it might receive authority and approval from him as well.

Thus Naum went to Rome with them, and Pope Hadrian accepted them with honour and courtesy. God produced many miracles in Rome through His servants. Sick men that hastened to them were cured in a wonderful way: as soon as they looked the saints in the eyes they were freed from their diseases. Due to these miracles (and from other revelations) the Pope came to know that this work of translation was from God. Indeed, he compared the Greek text of the Scriptures with the Bulgarian one and found that they agreed in everything. So, he approved of and authorized the translation.

Afterwards, St. Cyril, the initiator of the translation stayed in Rome, where he eventually reposed in the Lord, while holy Methodius took his disciples with him. Naum was one of these who decided to return again to Bulgaria. On his return he went to the land of Allamans (i.e. Germans), where various heresies were widespread, including Apollinarism, Arianism, and the filioque. There holy Methodius, together with Naum, struggled to bring the heretics back to Orthodoxy. In return the barbarians punished the saints with beatings and other tortures and finally put them in prison.

While the saints were praying in prison, there was a great earthquake which shook the whole area. Many houses belonging to the impious men collapsed, the saints' bonds fell loose, and the doors of the prison opened. Thus, the saints came out and started walking on the street joyfully, as the holy Apostles had done, because they were deemed worthy to be disgraced for the sake of the Holy Spirit. When they returned to Bulgaria, they were received by Michael, the leader of the Bulgarians, who sent them to neighbouring countries to preach the name of Christ and distribute the Bulgarian translation of the Holy Scriptures. Naum went along with St. Clement, walking with him all over Bulgaria, especially to Diabya, Moesia and Panonia (Hungary), all the while preaching the message of piety. St. Naum did not part from his company till he breathed his last, helping him as Aaron had helped Moses. So, after St. Naum had moved around the aforementioned Diabya and lived for some time in a holy and God-pleasing way, he departed to the Lord, leaving his holy relics as an endless treasure of miracles for those who would hasten to him in faith.

Sources and further reading

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