Monastery of St. John the Theologian (Patmos, Greece)

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The '''Holy Monastery of St. John the Theologian''' (Local Name: Áyios Ioánnis Theológos - the ''Monastery of St. John the Divine''), is a fortress style monastery with a [[monasticism|monastic]] community for [[monk|men]] on [[Patmos]], founded in 1088 AD by St. [[Christodoulos the Blessed]], who had been granted the whole island of Patmos with a golden bull by the Emperor of Byzantium Alexis I Komninos.  
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The '''Holy Monastery of St. John the Theologian''' (Local Name: Áyios Ioánnis Theológos - the ''Monastery of St. John the Divine''), is a fortress style monastery with a [[monasticism|monastic]] community for [[monk|men]] on [[Patmos]], founded in 1088 AD by St. [[Christodoulos Latrinos of Patmos|Christodoulos the Blessed]] (also known as ''the Latrinos''), who had been granted the whole island of Patmos with a golden bull by the Emperor of [[Byzantium]] Alexis I Komninos. The [[monastery]] is under the jurisdiction of the [[Church of Constantinople|Ecumenical Patriarchate]]; and is a [[Patriarchal Exarchate of Patmos|Patriarchal exarchate]] with a Patriarchal exarch (i.e., its [[abbot]] has special benefits).
 
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The [[monastery]] is under the jurisdiction of the [[Church of Constantinople|Ecumenical Patriarchate]]; and is a '''[[Patriarchal Exarchate of Patmos|Patriarchal exarchate]]''' with a Patriarchal exarch (ie. its [[abbot]] has special benefits).  
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== Monastery Structure ==
 
== Monastery Structure ==
 
The Monastery has ten [[chapel]]s, four of which are located in its main courtyard. In the Katholicon of the monastery, there is a temple of unique art, created in 1829, by 12 sculptors.
 
The Monastery has ten [[chapel]]s, four of which are located in its main courtyard. In the Katholicon of the monastery, there is a temple of unique art, created in 1829, by 12 sculptors.
 
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{{cleanup|Flagged by Ixthis888 to do}}
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===The Chapel of the Holy Apostles===
 
===The Chapel of the Holy Apostles===
 
This is a small byzantine chapel that is just outside the main gate of the monastery.
 
This is a small byzantine chapel that is just outside the main gate of the monastery.
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::The icon is now in the Treasury but was originally placed in the "Holy of Holies" for a time.
 
::The icon is now in the Treasury but was originally placed in the "Holy of Holies" for a time.
 
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== Saints and Monastics ==
 
== Saints and Monastics ==
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:''nb. only those with articles are listed''.
 
:''nb. only those with articles are listed''.
 
*St. [[John the Theologian]], author of New Testament canons and the [[Book of Revelation]].
 
*St. [[John the Theologian]], author of New Testament canons and the [[Book of Revelation]].
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*Elder [[Amphilochios (Makris)]] of Patmos.
 
*Elder [[Amphilochios (Makris)]] of Patmos.
 
*Metropolitan [[Kallistos (Ware) of Diokleia]]
 
*Metropolitan [[Kallistos (Ware) of Diokleia]]
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== Image Gallery ==
 
== Image Gallery ==
 
<gallery>
 
<gallery>
Image:PatmosEntIc.JPG|Monastery of St. John the Theologian - 1738 entrance with icon of St. John the Theologian and St. Chrysostom, founder of the monastery, both holding the monastery in their hands.
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Image:PatmosEntIc.JPG|<small>Monastery of St. John the Theologian - 1738 entrance with icon of St. John the Theologian and St. Chrysostom, founder of the monastery, both holding the monastery in their hands.</small>
Image:PatmosPr.JPG|Monastery of St. John the Theologian - Monk praying with prayer rope
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Image:PatmosPr.JPG|<small>Monastery of St. John the Theologian - Monk praying with prayer rope</small>
Image:PatmosCY.JPG|Monastery of St. John the Theologian - Courtyard outside the Museum and church
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Image:PatmosCY.JPG|<small>Monastery of St. John the Theologian - Courtyard outside the Museum and church</small>
Image:PatmosBell.JPG|Monastery of St. John the Theologian - Byzantine Bell at the top of monastery
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Image:PatmosBell.JPG|<small>Monastery of St. John the Theologian - Byzantine Bell at the top of monastery</small>
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
  
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**1999, [http://whc.unesco.org/archive/repcom99.htm#942/ Decision "Report of the 23rd Session of the Committee"]
 
**1999, [http://whc.unesco.org/archive/repcom99.htm#942/ Decision "Report of the 23rd Session of the Committee"]
  
==Links==
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==External Link==
 
*[http://www.monipatmou.gr Monastery website (in Greek only)]
 
*[http://www.monipatmou.gr Monastery website (in Greek only)]
  

Latest revision as of 19:21, December 16, 2012

The Holy Monastery of St. John the Theologian (Local Name: Áyios Ioánnis Theológos - the Monastery of St. John the Divine), is a fortress style monastery with a monastic community for men on Patmos, founded in 1088 AD by St. Christodoulos the Blessed (also known as the Latrinos), who had been granted the whole island of Patmos with a golden bull by the Emperor of Byzantium Alexis I Komninos. The monastery is under the jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarchate; and is a Patriarchal exarchate with a Patriarchal exarch (i.e., its abbot has special benefits).

Contents

Monastery Structure

The Monastery has ten chapels, four of which are located in its main courtyard. In the Katholicon of the monastery, there is a temple of unique art, created in 1829, by 12 sculptors.

Saints and Monastics

Image Gallery

World Heritage Classification, UNESCO

  • Date of Inscription - 1999
  • Reference No. 942
  • Criteria: (iii), (iv) and (vi)
    • (iii) - The town of Chorá on the island of Pátmos is one of the few settlements in Greece that have evolved uninterruptedly since the 12th century. There are few other places in the world where religious ceremonies that date back to the early Christian times are still being practised unchanged. [1]
    • (iv) - The Monastery of Hagios Ioannis Theologos (Saint John the Theologian) and the Cave of the Apocalypse on the island of Pátmos, together with the associated medieval settlement of Chorá, constitute an exceptional example of a traditional Greek Orthodox pilgrimage centre of outstanding architectural interest. [2]
    • (vi) - The Monastery of Hagios Ioannis Theologos and the Cave of the Apocalypse commemorate the site where St John the Theologian (Divine), the “Beloved Disciple”, composed two of the most sacred Christian works, his Gospel and the Apocalypse. [3] [4]
  • Documentations

External Link

References

  1. United Nations - Copyright © 1992-2008 UNESCO World Heritage Centre
  2. United Nations - Copyright © 1992-2008 UNESCO World Heritage Centre
  3. United Nations - Copyright © 1992-2008 UNESCO World Heritage Centre
  4. Note on Criterion (iv) - A delegate of Thailand raised the question of eligibility of criterion (vi). He thought that the criterion should be applied. This recommendation was also endorsed by ICOMOS and the Committee. Delegates and observers commended the high values of the site and decided to keep the criterion.
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