Monastery of St. John the Theologian (Patmos, Greece)

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The '''Holy Monastery of St. John the Theologian''' (Local Name: Áyios Ioánnis Theológos - the ''Monastery of St. John the Divine''), is a fortress style monastery with a monastic community for [[monk|men]] on [[Patmos]], founded in 1088 AD by St. [[Christodoulos the Blessed]], who had been granted the whole island of Patmos with a golden bull by the Emperor of Byzantium Alexis I Komninos.  
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The '''Holy Monastery of St. John the Theologian''' (Local Name: Áyios Ioánnis Theológos - the ''Monastery of St. John the Divine''), is a fortress style monastery with a [[monasticism|monastic]] community for [[monk|men]] on [[Patmos]], founded in 1088 AD by St. [[Christodoulos Latrinos of Patmos|Christodoulos the Blessed]] (also known as ''the Latrinos''), who had been granted the whole island of Patmos with a golden bull by the Emperor of [[Byzantium]] Alexis I Komninos. The [[monastery]] is under the jurisdiction of the [[Church of Constantinople|Ecumenical Patriarchate]]; and is a [[Patriarchal Exarchate of Patmos|Patriarchal exarchate]] with a Patriarchal exarch (i.e., its [[abbot]] has special benefits).
 
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The monastery is under the jurisdiction of the [[Church of Constantinople|Ecumenical Patriarchate]]; and is a '''[[Patriarchal exarchate of Patmos|Patriarchal exarchate]]''' with a Patriarchal exarch (ie. its abbot has special benefits).  
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== Monastery Structure ==
 
== Monastery Structure ==
{{cleanup|Flagged by Ixthis888 to do}}
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The Monastery has ten [[chapel]]s, four of which are located in its main courtyard. In the Katholicon of the monastery, there is a temple of unique art, created in 1829, by 12 sculptors.
The Monastery has ten chapels, four of which are located in its main courtyard. In the Katholic of the monastery, there is a temple of unique art, created in 1829, by 12 sculptors.
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<!---
 
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===The Chapel of the Holy Apostles===
 
===The Chapel of the Holy Apostles===
 
This is a small byzantine chapel that is just outside the main gate of the monastery.
 
This is a small byzantine chapel that is just outside the main gate of the monastery.
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===The Main courtyard===
 
===The Main courtyard===
 
;Icon of St. John (12th-century)
 
;Icon of St. John (12th-century)
:This is the most revered icon in the monastery and is housed within the katholikon. It has a Bronze frame which represents in the upper part the Holy Trinity holding the Universe and in the Lower part scenes from the Book of Revelation. In the left corner of the icon Christ in His Glory is distinguishable while St. John is shown as collapsed at His feet.
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:This is the most revered [[icon]] in the monastery and is housed within the katholikon. It has a Bronze frame which represents in the upper part the Holy Trinity holding the Universe and in the Lower part scenes from the Book of Revelation. In the left corner of the icon Christ in His Glory is distinguishable while St. John is shown as collapsed at His feet.
  
 
;The Katholikon'''
 
;The Katholikon'''
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;The Chapel of Christodoulos
 
;The Chapel of Christodoulos
:In this chapel, the sacred relics and tomb of the Blessed Christodoulos are kept and there is also a silver reliquary of the Blessed Christodoulos.
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:In this chapel, the sacred [[relics]] and tomb of the Blessed Christodoulos are kept and there is also a silver reliquary of the Blessed Christodoulos.
  
 
;The Chapel of the Holy Cross
 
;The Chapel of the Holy Cross
:This is one of the ten chapels built out of necessaty because church law forbids that mass be celebrated more than once a day in the same chapel.
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:This is one of the ten chapels built out of necessity because church law forbids that the liturgy be celebrated more than once a day in the same chapel.
  
 
;The monks refrectory
 
;The monks refrectory
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;;The "Weeping icon of the Holy Mandylion (Napkin)" (face of Christ)  
 
;;The "Weeping icon of the Holy Mandylion (Napkin)" (face of Christ)  
  
:: This icon of the face of Christ, is from the late 18th-century. A woman from the island was abandoned by her husband leaving her to raise two children alone. She told the children that she needed to sell the icon of the Holy Mandylion in order to buy some food. The children were very fond of the icon and wept deeply and begged her not to sell it. As they were asking there mother to keep the icon, the face of Christ began to weep also. The mother realised the significance of the miracle and took the icon to the church. Her husband was notified of the miracle returned back to Patmos, repented and took care of the family.  
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:: This icon of the face of Christ, is from the late 18th-century. A woman from the island was abandoned by her husband leaving her to raise two children alone. She told the children that she needed to sell the icon of the Holy Mandylion in order to buy some food. The children were very fond of the icon and wept deeply and begged her not to sell it. As they were asking there mother to keep the icon, the face of Christ began to weep also. The mother realised the significance of the miracle and took the icon to the [[church]]. Her husband was notified of the miracle returned back to Patmos, repented and took care of the family.  
  
 
;;Chrysobull
 
;;Chrysobull
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::The icon is now in the Treasury but was originally placed in the "Holy of Holies" for a time.
 
::The icon is now in the Treasury but was originally placed in the "Holy of Holies" for a time.
 
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== Saints and Monastics ==
 
== Saints and Monastics ==
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<!---
 
:''nb. only those with articles are listed''.
 
:''nb. only those with articles are listed''.
 
*St. [[John the Theologian]], author of New Testament canons and the [[Book of Revelation]].
 
*St. [[John the Theologian]], author of New Testament canons and the [[Book of Revelation]].
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*Elder [[Amphilochios (Makris)]] of Patmos.
 
*Elder [[Amphilochios (Makris)]] of Patmos.
 
*Metropolitan [[Kallistos (Ware) of Diokleia]]
 
*Metropolitan [[Kallistos (Ware) of Diokleia]]
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--->
  
 
== Image Gallery ==
 
== Image Gallery ==
 
<gallery>
 
<gallery>
Image:PatmosEntIc.JPG|Monastery of St. John the Theologian - 1738 entrance with icon of St. John the Theologian and St. Chrysostom, founder of the monastery, both holding the monastery in their hands.
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Image:PatmosEntIc.JPG|<small>Monastery of St. John the Theologian - 1738 entrance with icon of St. John the Theologian and St. Chrysostom, founder of the monastery, both holding the monastery in their hands.</small>
Image:PatmosPr.JPG|Monastery of St. John the Theologian - Monk praying with prayer rope
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Image:PatmosPr.JPG|<small>Monastery of St. John the Theologian - Monk praying with prayer rope</small>
Image:PatmosCY.JPG|Monastery of St. John the Theologian - Courtyard outside the Museum and church
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Image:PatmosCY.JPG|<small>Monastery of St. John the Theologian - Courtyard outside the Museum and church</small>
Image:PatmosBell.JPG|Monastery of St. John the Theologian - Byzantine Bell at the top of monastery
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Image:PatmosBell.JPG|<small>Monastery of St. John the Theologian - Byzantine Bell at the top of monastery</small>
 
</gallery>
 
</gallery>
  
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**1999, [http://whc.unesco.org/p_dynamic/sites/passfile.cfm?filename=942&filetype=pdf&category=nominations/ "Nomination File"] (9.886 MB file)
 
**1999, [http://whc.unesco.org/p_dynamic/sites/passfile.cfm?filename=942&filetype=pdf&category=nominations/ "Nomination File"] (9.886 MB file)
 
**1999, [http://whc.unesco.org/archive/repcom99.htm#942/ Decision "Report of the 23rd Session of the Committee"]
 
**1999, [http://whc.unesco.org/archive/repcom99.htm#942/ Decision "Report of the 23rd Session of the Committee"]
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==External Link==
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*[http://www.monipatmou.gr Monastery website (in Greek only)]
  
 
== References ==
 
== References ==

Latest revision as of 18:21, December 16, 2012

The Holy Monastery of St. John the Theologian (Local Name: Áyios Ioánnis Theológos - the Monastery of St. John the Divine), is a fortress style monastery with a monastic community for men on Patmos, founded in 1088 AD by St. Christodoulos the Blessed (also known as the Latrinos), who had been granted the whole island of Patmos with a golden bull by the Emperor of Byzantium Alexis I Komninos. The monastery is under the jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarchate; and is a Patriarchal exarchate with a Patriarchal exarch (i.e., its abbot has special benefits).

Contents

Monastery Structure

The Monastery has ten chapels, four of which are located in its main courtyard. In the Katholicon of the monastery, there is a temple of unique art, created in 1829, by 12 sculptors.

Saints and Monastics

Image Gallery

World Heritage Classification, UNESCO

  • Date of Inscription - 1999
  • Reference No. 942
  • Criteria: (iii), (iv) and (vi)
    • (iii) - The town of Chorá on the island of Pátmos is one of the few settlements in Greece that have evolved uninterruptedly since the 12th century. There are few other places in the world where religious ceremonies that date back to the early Christian times are still being practised unchanged. [1]
    • (iv) - The Monastery of Hagios Ioannis Theologos (Saint John the Theologian) and the Cave of the Apocalypse on the island of Pátmos, together with the associated medieval settlement of Chorá, constitute an exceptional example of a traditional Greek Orthodox pilgrimage centre of outstanding architectural interest. [2]
    • (vi) - The Monastery of Hagios Ioannis Theologos and the Cave of the Apocalypse commemorate the site where St John the Theologian (Divine), the “Beloved Disciple”, composed two of the most sacred Christian works, his Gospel and the Apocalypse. [3] [4]
  • Documentations

External Link

References

  1. United Nations - Copyright © 1992-2008 UNESCO World Heritage Centre
  2. United Nations - Copyright © 1992-2008 UNESCO World Heritage Centre
  3. United Nations - Copyright © 1992-2008 UNESCO World Heritage Centre
  4. Note on Criterion (iv) - A delegate of Thailand raised the question of eligibility of criterion (vi). He thought that the criterion should be applied. This recommendation was also endorsed by ICOMOS and the Committee. Delegates and observers commended the high values of the site and decided to keep the criterion.
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