Moldovan Orthodox Church

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The '''Moldovan Orthodox Church''' is an autonomous church under the [[Church of Russia]]; it is to be distinguished from the Metropolis of Bessarabia, which is under the [[Church of Romania]], but has jurisdiction over some parishes in Moldova.
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==Summary==
  
More than 90% of the approximately 4.5 million citizens of Moldova marked on a Soviet census that they were Orthodox Christian.  Of the two jurisdictions, the Moldovan Orthodox Church (under the [[Church of Russia]]) has 1,080 parishes, compared to the Metropolis of Bessarabia, which has 84 parishes.  Additionally, the [[Old Believers|Old Rite]] Russian Orthodox Church make up approximately 3.6% of the population.
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The '''Moldovan Orthodox Church''', whose territory is wholly contiguous with the current nation of Moldova, is an autonomous church under the [[Church of Russia]].  
  
The Orthodox Church and its practises are entwined with the culture of Moldova; hence, many self-professed atheists routinely celebrate religious holidays and do various actions that would normally denote Orthodoxy; however, this is done out of culture.
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The Republic of Moldova is an independent state in Eastern Europe where the majority of the population speaks Romanian language but only 2.1% of them consider themselves to be Romanians.
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Out of a total population of 3,388,000, 76.1% identify themselves as Moldovans (national census of 2004). A census in the early 1990s showed 90% of the citizens of Moldova marked themselves as Orthodox Christian.
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==Short History==
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From 1373 to 1401 Moldavia was a self-ruled church until Ottoman conquest.
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From 1401-1812 the territory was part of different eparchies of the Patriarchate of Constantinople which in turn was responsible to the Ottoman Sultanate. From 1791 to 1812 the territory was part of the Moldovo-Wallachian Exarchate of Constantinople. 
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From 1812 to 1918 the territory constituted the Chisinau Eparchy of the Russian Orthodox Church. Its first Metropolitan was Gavriil (Banulescu-Bodoni). Its last metropolitan was Anastasios, the future first-hierarch of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad.
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From 1918 to 1940 the territory constituted part of the Metropolitanate of Bessarabia during the existence of Greater Romania.
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From 1940 to 1992 the territory constituted the Metropolis of Chisinau and Moldova of the Church of Russia.
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In October 1992 the Metropolis of Chisinau and Moldova was granted autonomy by the Church of Russia.
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==Current Autonomy==
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In the leadup to the independence of Moldova, a significant part of the population wanted reunification with Romania rather than independence. They were encouraged by Romanian authorities, and by the Church of Romania. The Church of Romania revived the Metropolitanate of Bessarabia, granted it autonomous status and gave it authority over (part) of Moldova and other areas.
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In October 1992 the [[Church of Russia]] granted autonomy to the Metropolis of Chisinau and Moldova which holds the vast majority of the Orthodox population, parishes, monasteries, and churches in Moldova. This Metropolis is usually now known as the Moldovan Orthodox Church.
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The Moldovan Orthodox Church has 1,080 parishes. The Metropolis of Bessarabia, has about 84 parishes within the nation of Moldova. The [[Old Believers|Old Rite]] Russian Orthodox Church make up approximately 3.6% of the population.
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The head of the Moldovan Orthodox Church is Metropolitan Vladimir, who is one of the permanent members of the Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church.
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The Moldovan Orthodox Church has four eparchies: Chisinau, Tiraspol and Dubasari, Edinets and Briceani, plus Cahul and Comrat. Church languages are Romanian and Slavonic. Church music is Byzantine and Russian. Entities are 1080 parishes, 30 monasteries, 1 academy, 2 seminaries.
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The autonomous Metropolitanate of Basarabia is said to have 30 to 84 parishes in Moldova, the Odesa region of Ukraine, and the Chuvash region of Russia in the Ural mountains. It was founded by the bishop of Balti, Petru (Paduraru) in 1992, with the support of the Church of Romania. It was also supported by political parties opposing independence for the Republic of Moldova. It considers itself to be the heir of the Metropolitanate of Bessarabia which existed in 1918-1940 during the period of Greater Romania. 
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Conflict continues between the Church of Romania and the Church of Russia over Moldova and other areas.  
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
*Source: [http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/irf/2003/24423.htm US State Department International Religious Freedom Report 2003]
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*[[http://www.antiochian.org.au/content/view/505/50/ Moldovan Orthodox Church]]
*[[w:Moldova|Wikipedia article on Moldova]]
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[[Category:Jurisdictions]]
 
[[Category:Jurisdictions]]
 
[[Category:Dioceses]]
 
[[Category:Dioceses]]
 
[[Category:Moscow Patriarchate Dioceses]]
 
[[Category:Moscow Patriarchate Dioceses]]

Revision as of 19:22, July 5, 2006

Contents

Summary

The Moldovan Orthodox Church, whose territory is wholly contiguous with the current nation of Moldova, is an autonomous church under the Church of Russia.

The Republic of Moldova is an independent state in Eastern Europe where the majority of the population speaks Romanian language but only 2.1% of them consider themselves to be Romanians.

Out of a total population of 3,388,000, 76.1% identify themselves as Moldovans (national census of 2004). A census in the early 1990s showed 90% of the citizens of Moldova marked themselves as Orthodox Christian.

Short History

From 1373 to 1401 Moldavia was a self-ruled church until Ottoman conquest.

From 1401-1812 the territory was part of different eparchies of the Patriarchate of Constantinople which in turn was responsible to the Ottoman Sultanate. From 1791 to 1812 the territory was part of the Moldovo-Wallachian Exarchate of Constantinople.

From 1812 to 1918 the territory constituted the Chisinau Eparchy of the Russian Orthodox Church. Its first Metropolitan was Gavriil (Banulescu-Bodoni). Its last metropolitan was Anastasios, the future first-hierarch of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad.

From 1918 to 1940 the territory constituted part of the Metropolitanate of Bessarabia during the existence of Greater Romania.

From 1940 to 1992 the territory constituted the Metropolis of Chisinau and Moldova of the Church of Russia.

In October 1992 the Metropolis of Chisinau and Moldova was granted autonomy by the Church of Russia.

Current Autonomy

In the leadup to the independence of Moldova, a significant part of the population wanted reunification with Romania rather than independence. They were encouraged by Romanian authorities, and by the Church of Romania. The Church of Romania revived the Metropolitanate of Bessarabia, granted it autonomous status and gave it authority over (part) of Moldova and other areas.

In October 1992 the Church of Russia granted autonomy to the Metropolis of Chisinau and Moldova which holds the vast majority of the Orthodox population, parishes, monasteries, and churches in Moldova. This Metropolis is usually now known as the Moldovan Orthodox Church.

The Moldovan Orthodox Church has 1,080 parishes. The Metropolis of Bessarabia, has about 84 parishes within the nation of Moldova. The Old Rite Russian Orthodox Church make up approximately 3.6% of the population.

The head of the Moldovan Orthodox Church is Metropolitan Vladimir, who is one of the permanent members of the Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church.

The Moldovan Orthodox Church has four eparchies: Chisinau, Tiraspol and Dubasari, Edinets and Briceani, plus Cahul and Comrat. Church languages are Romanian and Slavonic. Church music is Byzantine and Russian. Entities are 1080 parishes, 30 monasteries, 1 academy, 2 seminaries.

The autonomous Metropolitanate of Basarabia is said to have 30 to 84 parishes in Moldova, the Odesa region of Ukraine, and the Chuvash region of Russia in the Ural mountains. It was founded by the bishop of Balti, Petru (Paduraru) in 1992, with the support of the Church of Romania. It was also supported by political parties opposing independence for the Republic of Moldova. It considers itself to be the heir of the Metropolitanate of Bessarabia which existed in 1918-1940 during the period of Greater Romania.

Conflict continues between the Church of Romania and the Church of Russia over Moldova and other areas.

External links

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