Metropolis of Paronaxia

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The '''Metropolis of Paronaxia''', also referred to as the Diocese of Paronaxia, is under the jurisdiction of the [[Church of Greece]]. This diocese has 37 churches, 251 chapels, 18 cemeteries, 18 monasteries and around 35 clerics.
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The '''Metropolis of Paronaxia''', also referred to as the [[Diocese]] of Paronaxia, is under the [[jurisdiction]] of the [[Church of Greece]]. The metropolis is located within the Cyclades island group within the Aegean Sea. Churches, chapels and monasteries are spread all over these islands and are one of the main characteristics of this metropolis and scenery of the area. Most were built in the 16th and 17th centuries when the separate bishoprics of Paros and Naxos were at their heights. Today, the diocese consists of about 37 [[church]]es, 251 [[chapel]]s, 18 cemeteries, 18 monasteries and around 35 clerics.
  
 
== History ==
 
== History ==
The islands of Naxos, Paros and Anti-Paros cut-off in 1083 from the [[Metropolis of Rhodes]] and were established as the '''Metropolitan of Paronaxia''', with the headquarters based in Naxos. Up until 1083, Naxos and Paros were simply Bishoprics.  
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The islands of Naxos, Paros and Anti-Paros were separated in 1083 from the [[Metropolis of Rhodes]] and established as the Metropolitan of Paronaxia, with the [[see]] based in Naxos. Up until 1083, Naxos and Paros were simply Bishoprics.  
  
Christianity in Paronaxia spread during the early Christian period, and the bishoprics were considered among the original established churches, not just in Greece, but of all Christianity. The local ecclesiastical tradition of Naxos, however, affirms that christianity was spread by St. [[John the Theologian]] and the evangelist [[Polycarp of Smyrna]] (68-155). While St. John was exiled on the island of Patmos, he was authoring the Apocalypse and heard about the island of Naxos. He sent his student, Polycarp, to the island to spread christianity to the locals. This ecclesiastical tradition is honoured grealy on Naxos. There are two parishes and various Byzantine chapels on the island, dedicated to his honour, especially at the village of Sagriou. There is an old Byzantine monastery and church with wall reliefs from the iconoclastic period that is still preserved in the area of Filoti.
+
Christianity in Paronaxia spread during the early Christian period, and the bishoprics were considered among the original established churches, not just in Greece, but of all Christianity. The local ecclesiastical tradition of Naxos, however, affirms that christianity was spread by St. [[John the Theologian]] and the evangelist [[Polycarp of Smyrna]] (68-155). While St. John was exiled on the island of Patmos, he authored the Apocalypse and heard about the island of Naxos. He sent his student, Polycarp, to the island to spread christianity to the locals. This ecclesiastical tradition is honoured greatly on Naxos. There are two parishes and various Byzantine chapels on the island, dedicated to his honour, especially at the village of Sagriou. There is an old Byzantine [[monastery]] and church with wall reliefs from the iconoclastic period that is still preserved in the area of Filoti.
  
The most important historical, ecclesiastical and architectural structure on the island is the '''[[Church of Panagia Ekatontapyliani - Hundred Doors (Paros)|Church of Panagia Ekatontapyliani]]''' (''Ekatontapyliani'' - Gr. literally: "Hundred Doors"). This church was founded, early in the fourth century, by St. [[Helen]], the mother of [[Constantine the Great]], during her pilgrimage to the Holy Land. She also founded other smaller churches on the island of Paros, including the churches of St. Stephanos, St. Matthew, St. John of Gyroula and St. George, and others.
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The most important historical, ecclesiastical and architectural structure on the island is the [[Church of Panagia Ekatontapyliani - Hundred Doors (Paros)|Church of Panagia Ekatontapyliani]] (''Ekatontapyliani'' - Gr. literally: "Hundred Doors"). This church was founded, early in the fourth century, by St. [[Helen]], the mother of [[Constantine the Great]], during her pilgrimage to the [[Holy Land]]. She also founded other smaller churches on the island of Paros, including the churches of St. Stephanos, St. Matthew, St. John of Gyroula and St. George, and others.
  
 
During the 5th century, many of the Bishops from Naxos and Paros took part in the [[Ecumenical Councils]]. Some of these Bishops include:
 
During the 5th century, many of the Bishops from Naxos and Paros took part in the [[Ecumenical Councils]]. Some of these Bishops include:
*''''Varahos'''', Bishop of Naxos - ''participated 451AD
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*Varahos, Bishop of Naxos - who participated in the [[Fourth Ecumenical Council]] of 451AD
*''''George'''', Bishop of Naxos - ''participated 680AD
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*George, Bishop of Naxos - who participated in the [[Sixth Ecumenical Council]] of 680AD
*''''Athanasius A'''', Bishop of Paros - ''participated 431AD and 451AD
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*Athanasius I, Bishop of Paros - who participated in the [[Third Ecumenical Council]] of 431AD and the [[Fourth Ecumenical Council]] of 451AD
*''''Stephanos'''', Bishop of Paros -  ''participated 680AD
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*Stephanos, Bishop of Paros -  who participated in the [[Sixth Ecumenical Council]] of 680AD
  
These Bishops are commemorated, by the '''Metropolis of Paronaxia''', along with the local saints of the see.
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These Bishops are commemorated, by the Metropolis of Paronaxia, along with the local [[saint]]s of the [[see]].
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In 1083, Naxos was promoted from the headquarters of a bishopric to that of a metropolitan see.
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In 1207, the Franks came to the island, under Marco Sanudo, and conquered the Cyclades and founded the Duchy of the Aegean, of which Naxos was made the headquarters.  
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In the Byzantine times, the islands suffered from the pirates. During the 13th century, the Venetians occupied the islands and they belonged to Naxos Dutchy and were ruled by Venetian families. In 1537, it was plundered by Barbarosa; soon after, it was occupied by the Turks. In 1770, the Russians started to fortify the islands. The islands took part in the Greek War of Independence of 1821.
  
Naxos, like the rest of the Cyclades, was incorporated into the Greek state as soon as it was founded, in accordance with a protocol signed in 1830.
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=== Panagia Ekatontapyliani (also known as Katopyliani) ===
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The [[Church of Panagia Ekatontapyliani - Hundred Doors (Paros)|Church of Panagia Ekatontapyliani]] is one of the most significant Byzantine monuments of Greece. It is situated in the east of the old town of Paros. The church was renovated in 1962 by the professor An. Orlandos. In the 4th cent, there was a little church on the site of the contemporary church. The little church had been on the site of an ancient Greek building. This initial building has been extended while the church got to its contemporary structure during the era of the emperor [[Justinian]] (6th cent). The interior of the church demonstrates, apart from the marble [[temple]], the [[icon]] of the Theotokos on the left of the entrance; it is considered to be the work of St. [[Apostle Luke]]. The tomb of St. [[Theoktisti of paros|Theoktisti]], the Episcopal throne behind the [[Altar]] and the protochristian "Vaptistirion" (baptistry). The church celebrates its feast day [[August 15]].
  
=== See also ===
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=== Monasticism ===
[http://www.ekatontapyliani.org/ '''World famous Church of Panagia Ekatontapyliani - a Hundred Doors''']
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The locals believe that the first [[monastics]] and ascetics would have been from the Middle East, since it is common knowledge that the earliest known monastic establishments were in Vithynia and Cappadocia. It is estimated, therefore, that the earliest monastic establishments would be between the 6th and 7th centuries.
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== Metropolitans ==
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*[[Callinicos (Demenopoulos) of Paronaxia|Callinicos (Demenopoulos)]]  2008 - Present
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*[[Amvrosios II (Stamenas) of Paronaxia|Ambriosios II (Stamenas)]]  1991 - 2008
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*Epifanios (Kalafatis)  ? - 1991
  
== Metropolitan ==
 
The current Metropolitan of Paronaxia is His Emminence '''Ambriosios II (Stamenas) of Paronaxia''', born in 1922 on the island of Paros. He was elected and consecrated as the current [[metropolitan]] in 1991, replacing His Emminence Epifanios (Kalafatis).
 
 
==Regions==
 
==Regions==
 
#[[Metropolitan Region of (Paros, Greece)|Metropolitan Region of Paros]]
 
#[[Metropolitan Region of (Paros, Greece)|Metropolitan Region of Paros]]
 
#[[Metropolitan Region of (Naxos, Greece)|Metropolitan Region of Naxos]]
 
#[[Metropolitan Region of (Naxos, Greece)|Metropolitan Region of Naxos]]
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== Local Saints==
 
== Local Saints==
 
*St. [[Arsenios of Paros]] ([[January 31]] and [[August 18]])
 
*St. [[Arsenios of Paros]] ([[January 31]] and [[August 18]])
 
*St. Papa-[[Nicholas (Planas)]] ([[March 2]] during lent periods different date applies)
 
*St. Papa-[[Nicholas (Planas)]] ([[March 2]] during lent periods different date applies)
*St. [[Athanasios of Paros]] ([[June 24]])
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*St. [[Athanasius Parios|Athanasios of Paros]] ([[June 24]])
 
*Venerable [[Nikodemus of the Holy Mountain]] ("the Hagiorite"; c. 1749-1809); ([[July 14]])
 
*Venerable [[Nikodemus of the Holy Mountain]] ("the Hagiorite"; c. 1749-1809); ([[July 14]])
 
*St. [[Theoctiste of the Isle of Lesbos|Theoktiste of Lesvos]] ([[November 9]]), <ref> ''What we know about St. Theoktisti we owe primarily to St. [[Symeon Metaphrastes ("the Translator")]], renowned primarily for his Lives of the Saints (148 of them). </ref> <ref> Theoctiste is from Lesbos, however, due to the archaeological and historical importance of her association with the [[Church of Panagia Ekatontapyliani - Hundred Doors (Paros)|Church of Panagia Ekatontapyliani - Hundred Doors]] she is also classified as a ''Parian'' local saint. </ref>
 
*St. [[Theoctiste of the Isle of Lesbos|Theoktiste of Lesvos]] ([[November 9]]), <ref> ''What we know about St. Theoktisti we owe primarily to St. [[Symeon Metaphrastes ("the Translator")]], renowned primarily for his Lives of the Saints (148 of them). </ref> <ref> Theoctiste is from Lesbos, however, due to the archaeological and historical importance of her association with the [[Church of Panagia Ekatontapyliani - Hundred Doors (Paros)|Church of Panagia Ekatontapyliani - Hundred Doors]] she is also classified as a ''Parian'' local saint. </ref>
== Notes ==
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== End notes ==
<references/>
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<small><references/></small>
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==See also==
 
==See also==
 
*[[Church of Panagia Ekatontapyliani - Hundred Doors (Paros)]]
 
*[[Church of Panagia Ekatontapyliani - Hundred Doors (Paros)]]
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*[http://www.ekatontapyliani.org/ Paros Church of a Hundred Doors - Ekatontopiliani Visual Tour]
 
*[http://www.ekatontapyliani.org/ Paros Church of a Hundred Doors - Ekatontopiliani Visual Tour]
 
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[[Category:Dioceses]]
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[[Category:Dioceses|Paronaxia]]
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[[Category:Greek Dioceses|Paronaxia]]
 
[[el:Ιερά Μητρόπολις Παροναξίας]]
 
[[el:Ιερά Μητρόπολις Παροναξίας]]

Latest revision as of 12:06, June 18, 2012

The Metropolis of Paronaxia, also referred to as the Diocese of Paronaxia, is under the jurisdiction of the Church of Greece. The metropolis is located within the Cyclades island group within the Aegean Sea. Churches, chapels and monasteries are spread all over these islands and are one of the main characteristics of this metropolis and scenery of the area. Most were built in the 16th and 17th centuries when the separate bishoprics of Paros and Naxos were at their heights. Today, the diocese consists of about 37 churches, 251 chapels, 18 cemeteries, 18 monasteries and around 35 clerics.

Contents

History

The islands of Naxos, Paros and Anti-Paros were separated in 1083 from the Metropolis of Rhodes and established as the Metropolitan of Paronaxia, with the see based in Naxos. Up until 1083, Naxos and Paros were simply Bishoprics.

Christianity in Paronaxia spread during the early Christian period, and the bishoprics were considered among the original established churches, not just in Greece, but of all Christianity. The local ecclesiastical tradition of Naxos, however, affirms that christianity was spread by St. John the Theologian and the evangelist Polycarp of Smyrna (68-155). While St. John was exiled on the island of Patmos, he authored the Apocalypse and heard about the island of Naxos. He sent his student, Polycarp, to the island to spread christianity to the locals. This ecclesiastical tradition is honoured greatly on Naxos. There are two parishes and various Byzantine chapels on the island, dedicated to his honour, especially at the village of Sagriou. There is an old Byzantine monastery and church with wall reliefs from the iconoclastic period that is still preserved in the area of Filoti.

The most important historical, ecclesiastical and architectural structure on the island is the Church of Panagia Ekatontapyliani (Ekatontapyliani - Gr. literally: "Hundred Doors"). This church was founded, early in the fourth century, by St. Helen, the mother of Constantine the Great, during her pilgrimage to the Holy Land. She also founded other smaller churches on the island of Paros, including the churches of St. Stephanos, St. Matthew, St. John of Gyroula and St. George, and others.

During the 5th century, many of the Bishops from Naxos and Paros took part in the Ecumenical Councils. Some of these Bishops include:

These Bishops are commemorated, by the Metropolis of Paronaxia, along with the local saints of the see.

In the Byzantine times, the islands suffered from the pirates. During the 13th century, the Venetians occupied the islands and they belonged to Naxos Dutchy and were ruled by Venetian families. In 1537, it was plundered by Barbarosa; soon after, it was occupied by the Turks. In 1770, the Russians started to fortify the islands. The islands took part in the Greek War of Independence of 1821.

Panagia Ekatontapyliani (also known as Katopyliani)

The Church of Panagia Ekatontapyliani is one of the most significant Byzantine monuments of Greece. It is situated in the east of the old town of Paros. The church was renovated in 1962 by the professor An. Orlandos. In the 4th cent, there was a little church on the site of the contemporary church. The little church had been on the site of an ancient Greek building. This initial building has been extended while the church got to its contemporary structure during the era of the emperor Justinian (6th cent). The interior of the church demonstrates, apart from the marble temple, the icon of the Theotokos on the left of the entrance; it is considered to be the work of St. Apostle Luke. The tomb of St. Theoktisti, the Episcopal throne behind the Altar and the protochristian "Vaptistirion" (baptistry). The church celebrates its feast day August 15.

Monasticism

The locals believe that the first monastics and ascetics would have been from the Middle East, since it is common knowledge that the earliest known monastic establishments were in Vithynia and Cappadocia. It is estimated, therefore, that the earliest monastic establishments would be between the 6th and 7th centuries.

Metropolitans

Regions

  1. Metropolitan Region of Paros
  2. Metropolitan Region of Naxos

Local Saints

End notes

  1. What we know about St. Theoktisti we owe primarily to St. Symeon Metaphrastes ("the Translator"), renowned primarily for his Lives of the Saints (148 of them).
  2. Theoctiste is from Lesbos, however, due to the archaeological and historical importance of her association with the Church of Panagia Ekatontapyliani - Hundred Doors she is also classified as a Parian local saint.

See also

External Links


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