Metropolis of Corinth
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Revision as of 10:33, March 27, 2008
The Metropolis of Korinthos (Gr:Κόρινθος, Kórinthos), Sikyonos, Zemenou, Tarsou and Polyfeggous is under the jurisdiction of the Church of Greece.
Korinthos, or Corinth, was noted as one of the largest, wealthiest, most powerful, and oldest cities of ancient Greece. In 146 BC, it was destroyed by the Romans until w:Julius Caesar restored the city in 44 BC as Colonia laus lulia Corinthiensis, shortly before his assassination. Under the Romans, it became the seat of government for Souther Greece (according to Acts 18:12-16).
Korinth was well known for its luxurious, immoral and vicious behaviours. The Apostle Paul first visited the city (51-52AD) and stayed in the area for eighteen months (see Acts 18:1-18). Here he became acquainted with Aquila and Priscilla, and soon after his departure Apollos came from Ephesus. Apostle Paul intended to pass through Korinth for a second time before visiting Macedonia, however, in the absence of Titus, he travelled through Troas to Macedonia, and then likely passed into Korinth (see II Corinthians 1:15). He remained for three months (see Acts 20:3) and during this time he wrote the Epistle to the Romans.
Paul also wrote two epistles to the "Church of Corinth" (the Christian community established at the time), the first is the First Epistle to the Corinthians and the Second Epistle to the Corinthians. The first epistle reflects the difficulties of maintaining a Christian community in such a cosmopolitan city.
The presence of Peter in Korinth is less certain although probable; the closest evidence in favour of this is in [I Corinthians 9:5],  where it is presupposed that the Korinthians knew that he traveled about with his wife.
The area was laid to waste by the invading Goths during 395 AD but the major earthquake of 521 AD destroyed the Korinth established and well known to Paul, this was further devastated by another earthquake in 1858. Early in the 13th century, it was conquered by Geoffroi I de Villehardouin follwoing the Fourth Crusade. In 1458, it was captured by the Ottoman Turks and in 1687 seized by the Venetians, who then lost Korinth to the Turks in 1715. In 1822, it was captured by Greek insurgents.
- The Holy Monastery of St. George, Feneos (Αγ. Γεωργίου, Φενεού)
- The Holy Monastery of the Dormition, Nemea (Κοιμήσεως Θεοτόκου, Βράχου Νεμέας)
- The Holy Monastery of the Apostle Paul, Geraneion (Απ. Παύλου, Γερανείων)
- The Holy Monastery of St. Nicholas, Malagariou, Perachora (Αγ. Νικολάου, Μαλαγαρίου Περαχώρας)
- The Holy Monastery of the Resurrection, Loutraki (Αναστάσεως, Λουτρακίου)
- The Holy Monastery of Panagia of "Everyone's happiness", Kalentziou («Παναγία η πάντων Χαρά» Καλεντζίου)
- The Holy Monastery of St. Kosmas the Aitolian, Kyllinis ((Αγ. Κοσμά Αιτωλού, Κυλλήνης)
- The Holy Monastery of the Dormition of the "Faneromenis" Theotokos, Chiliomodi (Κοιμ. Θεοτόκου Φανερωμένης Χιλιομοδίου) - extremally popular monastery.
- The Holy Monastery of St. Patapios, Loutraki (Οσίου Παταπίου, Λουτρακίου)
- The Holy Monastery of St. Demetrios, Stephaniou (Αγ. Δημητρίου, Στεφανίου)
- The Holy Monastery of St. Nicholas, Mapsos (Αγ. Νικολάου, Μαψού)
- The Holy Monastery of the Prophet Elias, Zaholi (Προφήτη Ηλιού, Ζαχόλης)
- The Holy Monastery of the Dormiotion of the Theotokos, Lechobis (Κοιμ. Θεοτόκου, Λεχώβης)
- The Holy Monastery of St. Vlasios, Ano Trikala (Αγ. Βλασίου, Άνω. Συν. Τρικάλων)
- The Holy Monastery of Panagia "Koryfis", Kamariou (Παναγίας Κορυφής, Καμαρίου)
- The Holy Monastery of St. Marinas, Loutraki (Αγ. Μαρίνας, Λουτρακίου)
- The Holy Monastery of St. Therapontos, Galatakios (Αγ. Θεράποντος, Γαλατακίου)
- The Holy Monastery of St. Athanasios, Poulitsis(Αγ. Αθανασίου, Πουλίτσης)
- ↑ Paul would refer to Peter by his Aramaic name "Khfas" (cf. Gal. 1:18; 2:9, 11, 14)