List of autocephalous and autonomous churches

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The '''[[autocephaly|autocephalous]] and [[autonomy|autonomous]] Orthodox churches''' are those churches which have self-government.  These churches also constitute what is generally known simply as ''the Orthodox Church'', but may also be referred to as the ''mainstream Orthodox Church'' or ''world Orthodoxy''.  They all recognize one another and are in [[full communion]] with each other.
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That they constitute the "mainstream" (i.e., that they are legitimately and/or exclusively Orthodox) is disputed by a number of groups with whom they are not in communion, such as most of the [[Old Calendarists]].
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Despite these churches all being in communion with one another, there is not currently unanimous agreement on which churches are considered autocephalous or autonomous.  There is, however, an order which is followed in international Inter-Orthodox gatherings, which is included here first.  There is an expanded order which is recognized by some churches, most notably the [[Church of Russia]] and its dependencies and historical daughter churches.
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==Inter-Orthodox order==
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===Autocephalous churches===
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*[[Church of Constantinople|Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople]]
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*[[Church of Alexandria|Patriarchate of Alexandria]]
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*[[Church of Antioch|Patriarchate of Antioch]]
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*[[Church of Jerusalem|Patriarchate of Jerusalem]]
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*[[Church of Russia|Patriarchate of Moscow]]
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*[[Church of Serbia|Patriarchate of Serbia]]
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*[[Church of Romania|Patriarchate of Romania]]
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*[[Church of Bulgaria|Patriarchate of Bulgaria]]
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*[[Church of Georgia|Patriarchate of Georgia]]
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*[[Church of Cyprus]]
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*[[Church of Greece]]
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*[[Church of Poland]]
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*[[Church of Albania]]
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*[[Church of the Czech Lands and Slovakia]]
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===Autonomous churches===
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*[[Church of Sinai]]
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*[[Church of Finland]]
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==Expanded order==
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===Autocephalous churches===
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*[[Church of Constantinople|Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople]]
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*[[Church of Alexandria|Patriarchate of Alexandria]]
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*[[Church of Antioch|Patriarchate of Antioch]]
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*[[Church of Jerusalem|Patriarchate of Jerusalem]]
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*[[Church of Russia|Patriarchate of Moscow]]
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*[[Church of Serbia|Patriarchate of Serbia]]
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*[[Church of Romania|Patriarchate of Romania]]
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*[[Church of Bulgaria|Patriarchate of Bulgaria]]
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*[[Church of Georgia|Patriarchate of Georgia]]
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*[[Church of Cyprus]]
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*[[Church of Greece]]
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*[[Church of Poland]]
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*[[Church of Albania]]
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*[[Church of the Czech Lands and Slovakia]]
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*[[Orthodox Church in America]] (autocephaly recognized only by Moscow, Bulgaria, Georgia, Poland, and the Czech Lands and Slovakia)
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It should be noted that in the [[diptychs]] of the Moscow Patriarchate and some of its daughter churches (e.g., the OCA), the ranking of four of the patriarchal churches is different.  Following Moscow in rank is Georgia, followed by Serbia, Romania, and then Bulgaria.  The remainder of the rankings beginning with Cyprus is the same.
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===Autonomous churches===
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*[[Church of Sinai]]
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*[[Church of Finland]]
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*[[Church of Estonia (Ecumenical Patriarchate)|Church of Estonia]] (autonomy recognized by Constantinople but not Moscow)
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*[[Church of Japan]] (autonomy recognized by Moscow but not Constantinople)
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*[[Church of China]] (virtually non-existent, autonomy recognized by Moscow but not Constantinople)
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*[[Church of Ukraine]] (autonomy recognized by Moscow but not Constantinople)
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*[[Archdiocese of Ohrid]] (autonomy recognized only by Serbia)
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==Formerly independent churches==
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These churches were formerly autocephalous or autonomous, no longer Orthodox, or in some cases no longer exist.
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*[[Church of Carthage]]
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*[[Church of Latvia]]
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*[[Church of Lithuania]]
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*[[Church of Rome]] (See [[Great Schism]])
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==Unrecognized independent churches==
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The following churches are variously unrecognized by the mainstream churches as independent and/or canonical.
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*[[Church of Ukraine (Kiev Patriarchate)]]
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*[[Belarusian Autocephalous Orthodox Church]]
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*[[Orthodox Church of France]]
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*[[Macedonian Orthodox Church]]
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*[[Montenegrin Orthodox Church]]
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*[[Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church]]
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==See also==
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*[[Autocephaly]]
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*[[Autonomy]]
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*[[List of Patriarchs]]
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==Sources==
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*''Blackwell Dictionary of Eastern Christianity'' (ISBN 0631232036)
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*Fitzgerald, Thomas E. ''The Orthodox Church''.  Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 1998, p. 151.
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*[http://www.oca.org/OCworldindex.asp?SID=2 World Orthodox Churches], from the [[OCA]] website
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==External link==
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*[http://www.balamand.edu.lb/theology/links.htm Canonical Orthodox Churches Online]
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[[Category:Jurisdictions|*]]
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[[ro:Lista Bisericilor autocefale şi autonome]]
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[[ru:Список православных церквей]]

Revision as of 10:24, April 21, 2010


Autocephalous and Autonomous Churches of Orthodoxy
Autocephalous Churches
Four Ancient Patriarchates: Constantinople | Alexandria | Antioch | Jerusalem
Russia | Serbia | Romania | Bulgaria | Georgia | Cyprus | Greece | Poland | Albania | Czech Lands and Slovakia | OCA*
Autonomous Churches
Sinai | Finland | Estonia* | Japan* | China* | Ukraine*
The * designates a church whose autocephaly or autonomy is not universally recognized.



The autocephalous and autonomous Orthodox churches are those churches which have self-government. These churches also constitute what is generally known simply as the Orthodox Church, but may also be referred to as the mainstream Orthodox Church or world Orthodoxy. They all recognize one another and are in full communion with each other.

That they constitute the "mainstream" (i.e., that they are legitimately and/or exclusively Orthodox) is disputed by a number of groups with whom they are not in communion, such as most of the Old Calendarists.

Despite these churches all being in communion with one another, there is not currently unanimous agreement on which churches are considered autocephalous or autonomous. There is, however, an order which is followed in international Inter-Orthodox gatherings, which is included here first. There is an expanded order which is recognized by some churches, most notably the Church of Russia and its dependencies and historical daughter churches.

Contents

Inter-Orthodox order

Autocephalous churches

Autonomous churches

Expanded order

Autocephalous churches

It should be noted that in the diptychs of the Moscow Patriarchate and some of its daughter churches (e.g., the OCA), the ranking of four of the patriarchal churches is different. Following Moscow in rank is Georgia, followed by Serbia, Romania, and then Bulgaria. The remainder of the rankings beginning with Cyprus is the same.

Autonomous churches

Formerly independent churches

These churches were formerly autocephalous or autonomous, no longer Orthodox, or in some cases no longer exist.

Unrecognized independent churches

The following churches are variously unrecognized by the mainstream churches as independent and/or canonical.

See also

Sources

External link

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