List of Patriarchs of Constantinople

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The following is a list of the primates of the Church of Constantinople.

Contents

Bishops of Byzantium (until 325)

Apostolic era (33-100)

  1. St. Andrew the Apostle (founder)
  2. Stachys (38-54)
  3. Onesimus (54-68)
  4. Polycarpus I (69-89)
  5. Plutarch (89-105)

Ante-Nicene era (100-325)

  1. Sedecion (105-114)
  2. Diogenes (114-129)
  3. Eleutherius (129-136)
  4. Felix (136-141)
  5. Polycarpus II (141-144)
  6. Athenodorus (144-148)
  7. Euzois (148-154)
  8. Laurence (154-166)
  9. Alypius (166-169)
  10. Pertinax (169-187)
  11. Olympians (187-198)
  12. Mark I or Marcus I (198-211)
  13. Philadelphus (211-217)
  14. Kyriakos I (217-230)
  15. Castinus (230-237)
  16. Eugenius I (237-242)
  17. Titus (242-272)
  1. Dometius (272-284)
  2. Rufinus I (284-293)
  3. Probus (293-306)
  4. Metrophanes (306-314)
  5. Alexander (314-337)

Bishops and Archbishops of Constantinople (325/331-381 inclusive)

Nicene era (325-451)

  1. Paul I (337-339)
  2. Eusebius of Nicomedia (339-341)
    Paul I (341-342)
  3. Macedonius I (342-346)
    Paul I (346-351), 2nd time
    Macedonius I (351-360), 2nd time
  4. Eudoxius of Antioch (360-370)
  5. Demophilus (370-379)
  6. Evagrius (370 or 379)
  7. Maximus (380)
  8. Gregory the Theologian (379-381)

Patriarchs of Constantinople (since 381)

Nicene era (325 – 451) cont.

  1. Nectarius (381-397)
  2. John I Chrysostom (398-404)
  3. Arsacius of Tarsus (404-405)
  4. Atticus (406-425)
  5. Sisinnius I (426-427)
  6. Nestorius (428-431)
  7. Maximian (431-434)
  8. Proclus (434-446)
  9. Flavian (446-449)
  10. Anatolius (449-458)

Byzantine era (451 – 843)

  1. Gennadius I (458-471)
  2. Acacius (471-488)
  3. Phrabitas or Fravitta (488-489)
  4. Euphemius (489-495)
  5. Macedonius II (495-511)
  6. Timothy I or Timotheus I (511-518)
  7. John II Cappadocia (518-520)
  8. Epiphanius (520-535)
  9. Anthimus I (535-536)
  10. Menas (536-552)
  11. Eutychius (552-565)
  12. John III Scholasticus (565-577)
  13. Eutychius (577-582), 2nd time
  14. John IV Nesteutes (582-595)
  1. Cyriacus or Kyriakos (Greek) (596-606)
  2. Thomas I (607-610)
  3. Sergius I (610-638)
  4. Pyrrhus I (638-641)
  5. Paul II (641-653)
  6. Peter (654-666)
  7. Thomas II (667-669)
  8. John V (669-675)
  9. Constantine I (675-677)
  10. Theodore I (677-679)
  11. George I (679-686)
  12. Paul III (687-693)
  13. Callinicus I (693-705)
  14. Cyrus (705-711)
  1. John VI (712-715)
  2. Germanus I (715-730)
  3. Anastasius (730-754)
  4. Constantine II (754-766)
  5. Nicetas (766-780)
  6. Paul IV (780-784)
  7. Tarasius (784-806)
  8. Nicephorus I (806-815)
  9. Theodotus I Cassiteras (815-821)
  10. Antony I (821-836)
  11. John VII Grammaticus (836-843)

Late Byzantine era (843 – 1453)

  1. Methodius I (843-847)
  2. Ignatius I (847 – December 25, 858)
  3. Photius I the Great (December 25, 858 – 867)
  4. Ignatius I (867 – October 23, 877), 2nd time
    Photius I (877-886), 2nd time
  5. Stephanus I (886-893)
  6. Antony II Kauleas (893-901)
  7. Nicholas I Mysticus (901-907, 912-925)
  8. Euthymius I Syncellus (907-912)
  9. Stephanus II of Amasea (925-928)
  10. Tryphon (928-931)
  11. Theophylactus (933-956)
  12. Polyeuctus (956-970)
  13. Basil I Skamandrenus (970-974)
  14. Antony III Studites (974-980)
  15. Nicholas II Chrysoberges (984-996)
  16. Sisinnius II (996-998)
  17. Sergius II (999-1019)
  18. Eustathius (1019-1025)
  19. Alexius I Studites (1025-1043)
  20. Michael I Cerularius (1043-1058)
  21. Constantine III Lichoudas (1059-1063)
  22. John VIII Xiphilinus (1064-1075)
  23. Cosmas I (1075-1081)
  24. Eustratius Garidas (1081-1084)
  25. Nicholas III Grammaticus (1084-1111)
  26. John IX Agapetus (1111-1134)
  27. Leo Styppis (1134-1143)
  28. Michael II Kurkuas (1143-1146)
  29. Cosmas II Atticus (1146-1147)
  30. Nicholas IV Muzalon (1147-1151)
  1. Theodotus II (1151-1153)
  2. Neophytus I (1153)
  3. Constantine IV Chliarenus (1154-1156)
  4. Luke Chrysoberges (1156-1169)
  5. Michael III of Anchialus (1170-1177)
  6. Chariton (1177-1178)
  7. Theodosius I Borradiotes (1179-1183)
  8. Basil II Carnaterus (1183-1186)
  9. Nicetas II Muntanes (1186-1189)
  10. Leon Theotokites (1189-1190)
  11. Dositheus (1190-1191)
  12. George II Xiphilinus (1191-1198)
  13. John X Camaterus (1198-1206)
  14. Michael IV Autoreianus (1207-1213)
  15. Theodore II Eirenicus (1213-1215)
  16. Maximus II (1215)
  17. Manuel I Charitopoulos (1215-1222)
  18. Germanus II (1222-1240)
  19. Methodius II (1240)
  20. See vacant (1240-1244)
  21. Manuel II (1244-1255)
  22. Arsenius Autoreianus (1255-1259)
  23. Nicephorus II (1260-1261)
  24. Arsenius Autoreianus (1261-1267), 2nd time
  25. Germanus III (1267)
  26. Joseph I Galesiotes (1267-1275)
  27. John XI Bekkos (1275-1282)
  28. Gregory II Cyprus (1283-1289)
  29. Athanasius I (1289-1293)
  1. John XII (1294-1303)
  2. Athanasius I (1303-1309), 2nd time
  3. Nephon I (1310-1314)
  4. John XIII Glykys (1315-1320)
  5. Gerasimus I (1320-1321)
  6. IsaiasI (1323-1334)
  7. John XIV Kalekas (1334-1347)
  8. Isidore I (1347-1350)
  9. Callistus I (1350-1354)
  10. Philotheus Kokkinos (1354-1355)
  11. Callistus I (1355-1363), 2nd time Philotheus Kokkinos (1364-1376), 2nd time
  12. Macarius (1376-1379)
  13. Nilus Kerameus (1379-1388)
  14. Antony IV (1389-1390)
  15. Macarius (1390-1391), 2nd time Antony IV (1391-1397), 2nd time
  16. Callistus II Xanothopoulos (1397)
  17. Matthew I (1397-1410)
  18. Euthymius II (1410-1416)
  19. Joseph II (1416-1439)
  20. Metrophanes II (1440-1443)
  21. Gregory III Mammas (1443-1450)
  22. Athanasius II (1450-1453)

Post-Imperial era (1453-1821)

  1. Gennadius II Scholarius (1453-1456)
  2. Isidore II Xanthopoulos (1456-1462)
  3. Gennadius II Scholarius (1462), 2nd time
  4. Sophronius I Syropoulos (1463-1464)
  5. Gennadius II Scholarius (1464), 3rd time
  6. Joasaph I (1464-1466)
  7. Marcus II Xylokaraves (1466)
  8. Symeon I of Trebizond (1466)
  9. Dionysius I (1466-1471)
  10. Symeon I of Trebizond, 2nd time (1471-1474)
  11. Raphael I (1475-1476)
  12. Maximus III (1476-1481)
  13. Symeon I of Trebizond (1481-1486), 3rd time
  14. Nephon II (1486-1488)
  15. Dionysius I (1489-1491)
  16. Maximus IV (1491-1497)
  17. Nephon II (1497-1498), 2nd time
  18. Joachim I (1498-1502)
  19. Nephon II (1502), 3rd time
  20. Pachomius I (1503-1504)
  21. Joachim I (1504), 2nd time
    Pachomius I (1504-1513), 2nd time
  22. Theoleptus I (1513-1522)
  23. Jeremias I (1522-1545)
  24. Joannicus I (1546)
  25. Dionysius II (1546-1555)
  26. Joasaph II (1555-1565)
  27. Metrophanes III (1565-1572)
  28. Jeremias II Tranos (1572-1579)
  29. Metrophanes III (1579-1580), 2nd time Jeremias II Tranos (1580-1584, 2nd time)
  30. Pachomius II (1584-1585)
  31. Theoleptus II (1585-1586)
  32. Jeremias II Tranos (1587-1595), 3rd time
  33. Matthew II (1596)
  34. Gabriel I (1596)
  35. Theophanes I Karykes (1597)
  36. Meletius I Pegas (1597-1598)(locum tenens)
  37. Matthew II (1598-1602, 2nd time)
  38. Neophytus II (1602-1603)
  39. Matthew II (1603), 3rd time
  40. Raphael II (1603-1607)
  41. Neophytus II (1607-1612), 2nd time
  42. Cyril I Lucaris (1612) locum tenens
  1. Timothy or Timotheus (II)
  2. (1612-1620) Cyril I Lucaris (1620-1623), 2nd time
  3. Gregory IV of Amasea (1623)
  4. Anthimus II (1623)
  5. Cyril I Lucaris (1623-1633), 3rd time
  6. Cyril II Kontares (1633)
  7. Cyril I Lucaris (1633-1634), 4th time
  8. Athanasius III Patelaros (1634)
  9. Cyril I Lucaris (1634-1635), 5th time Cyril II Kontares (1635-1636)
  10. Neophytus III of Nicea (1636-1637)
  11. Cyril I Lucaris (1637-1638), 6th time Cyril II Kontares (1638-1639), 2nd time
  12. Parthenius I (1639-1644)
  13. Parthenius II (1644-1646)
  14. Joannicus II (1646-1648)
  15. Parthenius II (1648-1651), 2nd time Joannicus II (1651-1652), 2nd time
  16. Cyril III (1652-1654)
  17. Paisius I (1654-1655)
  18. Joannicus II (1655-1656), 3rd time
  19. Parthenius III (1656-1657)
  20. Gabriel II (1657)
  21. Parthenius IV (1657-1662)
  22. Theophanes II (1659)
  23. See vacant (1659-1662)
  24. Dionysius III (1662-1665)
  25. Parthenius IV (1665-1667), 2nd time
  26. Clement (1667)
  27. Methodius III (1668-1671)
  28. Parthenius IV (1671, 3rd time)
  29. Dionysius IV Muselimes (the Muslim)
  30. (1671-1673)
  31. Gerasimus II (1673-1674)
  32. Parthenius IV (1675-1676), 4th time
    Dionysius IV Muselimes (1676-1679), 2nd time
  33. Athanasius IV (1679)
  34. James (1679-1682)
  35. Dionysius IV Muselimes (1682-1684), 2nd time Parthenius IV (1684), 5th time James (1685-1686), 2nd time Dionysius IV Muselimes (1686), 3rd time James (1687-1688), 4th time
  36. Callinicus II (1688)
  37. Neophytus IV (1688)
  38. Callinicus II (1689-1693), 2nd time Dionysius IV Muselimes (1693-1694), 4th time Callinicus II (1694-1702), 2nd time
  1. Gabriel III (1702-1707)
  2. Neophytus V (1707)
  3. Cyprianus I (1707-1709)
  4. Athanasius V (1709-1711)
  5. Cyril IV (1711-1713)
  6. Cyprianus I (1713-1714), 2nd time
  7. Cosmas III (1714-1716)
  8. Jeremias III (1716-1726)
  9. Paisius II (1726-1732)
  10. Jeremias III (1732-1733), 2nd time
  11. Serapheim I (1733-1734)
  12. Neophytus VI (1734-1740)
  13. Paisius II (1740-1743), 2nd time Neophytus VI (1743-1744), 2nd time Paisius II (1744-1748), 3rd time
  14. Cyril V (1748-1751)
  15. Paisius II (1751-1752), 4th timeCyril V, 2nd time (1752-1757)
  16. Callinicus III (1757)
  17. Serapheim II (1757-1761)
  18. Joannicus III (1761-1763)
  19. Samuel I Chatzeres (1763-1768)
  20. Meletius II (1769)
  21. Theodosius II (1769-1773)
  22. Samuel I Chatzeres (1773-1774), 2nd time
  23. Sophronius II (1774-1780)
  24. Gabriel IV (1780-1785)
  25. Procopius I (1785-1789)
  26. Neophytus VII (1789-1794)
  27. Gerasimus III (1794-1797)
  28. Gregory V (1797-1798)
  29. Neophytus VII (1798-1801), 2nd time
  30. Callinicus IV (1801-1806)
  31. Gregory V (1806-1808), 2nd time Callinicus IV (1808-1809), 2nd time
  32. Jeremias IV (1809-1813)
  33. Cyril VI (1813-1818)
  34. Gregory V (1818-1821), 3rd time

Modern era (1821-1917)

  1. Eugenius II (1821-1822)
  2. Anthimus III (1822-1824)
  3. Chrysanthus I (1824-1826)
  4. Agathangelus I (1826-1830)
  5. Constantius I (1830-1834)
  6. Constantius II (1834-1835)
  7. Gregory VI (1835-1840)
  8. Anthimus IV (1840-1841)
  9. Anthimus V (1841-1842)
  10. Germanus IV (1842-1845)
  11. Meletius III (1845)
  1. Anthimus VI (1845-1848)
  2. Anthimus IV (1848-1852), 2nd time Germanus IV (1852-1853), 2nd time Anthimus VI (1853-1855), 2nd time
  3. Cyril VII (1855-1860)
  4. Joachim II (1860-1863)
  5. Sophronius III (1863-1866)
  6. Gregory VI (1867-1871), 2nd time Anthimus VI (1871-1873), 3rd time Joachim II (1873-1878, 2nd time
  7. Joachim III (1878-1884)
  1. Joachim IV (1884-1887)
  2. Dionysius V (1887-1891)
  3. Neophytus VIII (1891-1894)
  4. Anthimus VII (1895-1897)
  5. Constantine V (1897-1901)
  6. Joachim III (1901-1912), 2nd time
  7. Germanus V (1913-1918)
  8. See vacant(1918-1921)

Communist era (1917-1991)

  1. Meletius IV Metaxakis (1921-1923)
  2. Gregory VII (1923-1924)
  3. Constantine VI (1924-1925)
  4. Basil III (1925-1929)
  5. Photius II (1929-1935)
  6. Benjamin I (1936-1946)
  7. Maximus V (1946-1948)
  8. Athenagoras I (1948-1972)
  9. Demetrius I (1972-1991)

Post-Communist era (1991-Present)

  1. Bartholomew I (1991-present)

Notes

  • different spelling on same names:

left column: names as seen on www.patriarchate.org

  • Timotheus = Timothy
  • Germanus = Germanius
  • Stephanus = Stephen

See also


Autocephalous and Autonomous Churches of Orthodoxy
Autocephalous Churches
Four Ancient Patriarchates: Constantinople | Alexandria | Antioch | Jerusalem
Russia | Serbia | Romania | Bulgaria | Georgia | Cyprus | Greece | Poland | Albania | Czech Lands and Slovakia | OCA*
Autonomous Churches
Sinai | Finland | Estonia* | Japan* | China* | Ukraine*
The * designates a church whose autocephaly or autonomy is not universally recognized.



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