Lavra

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The term '''Lavra''' is a name given to large, rich monasteries of importance that enjoy special privileges and are cultural centers in the regions they occupy.
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Among the noted Lavra's is the '''Monastery of the Great Lavra''' on the Athos Peninsula. This [[monastery]] which was founded by the [[monk]] St. Athanasius the Athonite in 963, is the earliest and the mother monastery of the [[Mount Athos]] communities.
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In the Slavic world (under the Moscow Patriarchate :[[Church of Russia]], [[Church of Ukraine]]) there are five Lavra's of particular note:
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*'''[[Kiev Pechersk Lavra]].''' in Kiev, Ukraine. This monastery, often called the [[Monastery of the Kiev Caves]], was founded in 1051 by [[Anthony of the Caves]]  and [[Theodosius of the Kiev Caves|Theodosius]].
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*'''[[Pochaev Lavra of the Dormition of the Theotokos|Pochayiv Lavra]]''' (''Pochaev'') - has for centuries been the foremost spiritual and ideological centre of various Orthodox denominations in Western Ukraine. The monastery tops a 60-metre hill in the town of Pochayiv, Ternopil Oblast, 18 km southwest of Kremenets and 50 km north of Ternopil.  It was established a Lavra in 1833.
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*'''[[Holy Trinity-St. Sergius Lavra|Trinity Lavra of St Sergius]]''' at Sergiyev Posad, Russia. This monastery was founded in 1345 by [[Sergius of Radonezh]], the most venerated of Russian [[saint]]s.  Tsarina Elizabeth elevated the monastery to the dignity of a Lavra in 1744.
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*'''Alexander Nevsky Lavra''' in St Petersburg, Russia. This lavra was founded as a monastery in 1710 and was not finished until 1790. The monastery was elevated to the status of a Lavra in 1797.
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*'''Uspensko-Svyatogorskaya Lavra''' which has been a Lavra since 2004
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==External links==
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lavra Wikipedia]
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*[http://www.macedonian-heritage.gr/Athos/Monastery/great_lavra.html Monastery of the Great Lavra]
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Kiev Pechersk Lavra:Wikipedia]
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*[http://www.lavra.kiev.ua/en/main.php?id=90 KPL Official Site]
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pochayevsko-Uspenskaya_Lavra Pochayiv Lavra]
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*Troitse-Sergiyeva_Lavra:Wikipedia  [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius]
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*[http://www.saint-petersburg-hotels.com/alexandernevskiylavra.htm Alexander Nevsky Lavra]
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[[Category:Monasteries]]
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Revision as of 02:54, June 10, 2008

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