Kyprianos of Cyprus

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'''Archbishop Kyprianos of Cyprus''' (d.1821) was born at [[w:Strovolos|Strovolos]], a suburb of Nicosia. While still a child he entered the [[w:Machairas Monastery|Machairas Monastery]] where he received his first education. In 1783 while travelling in Wallachia, he became a protege of Prince Michael Soutsos ''(a scion of the great [[w:Phanariotes|Phanariote]] family of Soutsos, [[w:Dragoman|Grand Dragoman]], and Hospodar of Moldavia)'' and suceeded in completing his studies in the Greek schools flourishing there. In 1802 he returned to his monastery and a short time later was engaged as an [[Economos|oeconomos]] (a rank higher than the priest) of the Archbishopric. In 1810 he was elected [http://orthodoxwiki.org/Cyprus#Hierarchical_Succession_of_the_Archbishopric_See_of_Cyprus Archbishop of Cyprus] and concentrated his efforts on revitalizing the island's education. He was hanged by the Turks on the [[July 9]] 1821.
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Archbishop '''Kyprianos of Cyprus''' was the [[primate]] of [[Church of Cyprus]] from 1810 to his death in 1821. During his tenure as [[archbishop]] he concentrated his efforts on revitalizing the education for the Orthodox people on Cyprus.
  
==Source==
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==Life==
George Tsoulios and Tasos Hadjis. ''Historical Album of the Greek War of Independence 1821: An Illustrated Chronicle. Vol 1''. Transl. Kypros Psyllides and Patroclos Stavrou. Melissa, Athens, [197-].
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Abp. Kyprianos was born at [[w:Strovolos|Strovolos]], a suburb of Nicosia. While still a child he entered the [[Machairas Monastery (Cyprus)|Machairas Monastery]] where he began his education and was [[tonsure]]d a [[monasticism|monastic]]. In 1781, Kyprianos was appointed Bishop of Libya by Patriarch [[Kyprianos of Alexandria]]. In 1783 while traveling in Wallachia, he became a protégé of Prince Michael Soutsos ''(a scion of the great [[w:Phanariotes|Phanariote]] family of Soutsos, [[w:Dragoman|Grand Dragoman]], and Hospodar of Moldavia)''. He completed his education in the Greek schools that flourishing there.  
  
==See also==
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In 1802, Kyprianos returned to his [[monastery]] and a short time later was engaged as an [[oikonomos]] (cf. [[Clergy awards]]) of the Archbishopric. In 1810, he was elected Archbishop of Cyprus. He placed his main efforts on revitalizing the island's education. In 1812, Abp. Kyprianos founded the Pancyprian Gymnasium (Παγκύπριο Γυμνάσιο). The school, which became the oldest high school on Cyprus, was originally named the Hellenic School (Ελληνική Σχολή).
*[[Church of Cyprus]]
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==External Link==
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As the nineteenth century began Greek partisans became more active in pressing for Greek independence from the Ottoman Empire. In 1818, Abp. Kyprianos became involved when he was initiated into the Greek revolutionary Friendly Society (Filiki Eteria) which was preparing the ground for war and liberation. When asked in 1820 by Alexander Ypsilantis, the leader of the Filiki Eteria, to support Cyprus joining the struggle, Abp. Kyprianos pragmatically suggested that support by Cyprus be through money and supplies, as isolated Cyprus would end up a disaster with no defenses itself. The revolt by Filiki Eteria began on [[March 25]], 1821, but failed.
[[w:Kyprianos|''Kyprianos of Cyprus'' at Wikipedia]].
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In retaliation, the Pasha of Cyprus, Kucuk Mehmet, began arresting prominent Cypriots. Abp. Kyprianos was advised to leave the island, but refused. On [[July 9]], 1821, Kucuk Mehmet began the execution of almost 500 prominent Cypriot Greeks, including Abp. Kyprianos. On July 9, Abp. Kyprianos was hanged on a tree across from the former palace of the Lusignan Kings of Cyprus.
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{{start box}}
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{{succession|
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before=?|
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title=Bishop of Libya|
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years=1781-17xx|
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after=?}}
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{{succession|
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before=Matheos|
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title=[[List of Archbishops of Cyprus|Archbishop of Cyprus]]|
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years=1810-1821|
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after=Gerassmios III}}
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{{end box}}
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==Sources==
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*George Tsoulios and Tasos Hadjis. ''Historical Album of the Greek War of Independence 1821: An Illustrated Chronicle. Vol 1''. Transl. Kypros Psyllides and Patroclos Stavrou. Melissa, Athens, [197-].
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*[http://www.daedalus.gr/prdinformatics/HOC/nationmartykyprianosslaughterAEn.htm The hanging of Archbishop Kyprianos]
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==External links==
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*[[w:Kyprianos|''Kyprianos'' at Wikipedia]]
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*[http://orthodoxresearchinstitute.org/resources/hierarchs/cyprus/former.htm#kyprianos_arch Listing] at the Orthodox Research Institute
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*[http://wiki.phantis.com/index.php/War_of_Independence War of Independence]
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*[http://www.mlahanas.de/Cyprus/Education/PancyprianGymnasium.html Pancyprian Gymnasium]
  
 
[[Category:Bishops]]
 
[[Category:Bishops]]
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[[Category:18th-19th-century bishops]]
 
[[Category:Church History]]
 
[[Category:Church History]]
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[[Category:Archbishops of Cyprus]]
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[[Category:19th-century saints]]

Latest revision as of 10:35, October 23, 2012

Archbishop Kyprianos of Cyprus was the primate of Church of Cyprus from 1810 to his death in 1821. During his tenure as archbishop he concentrated his efforts on revitalizing the education for the Orthodox people on Cyprus.

Life

Abp. Kyprianos was born at Strovolos, a suburb of Nicosia. While still a child he entered the Machairas Monastery where he began his education and was tonsured a monastic. In 1781, Kyprianos was appointed Bishop of Libya by Patriarch Kyprianos of Alexandria. In 1783 while traveling in Wallachia, he became a protégé of Prince Michael Soutsos (a scion of the great Phanariote family of Soutsos, Grand Dragoman, and Hospodar of Moldavia). He completed his education in the Greek schools that flourishing there.

In 1802, Kyprianos returned to his monastery and a short time later was engaged as an oikonomos (cf. Clergy awards) of the Archbishopric. In 1810, he was elected Archbishop of Cyprus. He placed his main efforts on revitalizing the island's education. In 1812, Abp. Kyprianos founded the Pancyprian Gymnasium (Παγκύπριο Γυμνάσιο). The school, which became the oldest high school on Cyprus, was originally named the Hellenic School (Ελληνική Σχολή).

As the nineteenth century began Greek partisans became more active in pressing for Greek independence from the Ottoman Empire. In 1818, Abp. Kyprianos became involved when he was initiated into the Greek revolutionary Friendly Society (Filiki Eteria) which was preparing the ground for war and liberation. When asked in 1820 by Alexander Ypsilantis, the leader of the Filiki Eteria, to support Cyprus joining the struggle, Abp. Kyprianos pragmatically suggested that support by Cyprus be through money and supplies, as isolated Cyprus would end up a disaster with no defenses itself. The revolt by Filiki Eteria began on March 25, 1821, but failed.

In retaliation, the Pasha of Cyprus, Kucuk Mehmet, began arresting prominent Cypriots. Abp. Kyprianos was advised to leave the island, but refused. On July 9, 1821, Kucuk Mehmet began the execution of almost 500 prominent Cypriot Greeks, including Abp. Kyprianos. On July 9, Abp. Kyprianos was hanged on a tree across from the former palace of the Lusignan Kings of Cyprus.

Succession box:
Kyprianos of Cyprus
Preceded by:
?
Bishop of Libya
1781-17xx
Succeeded by:
?
Preceded by:
Matheos
Archbishop of Cyprus
1810-1821
Succeeded by:
Gerassmios III
Help with box



Sources

  • George Tsoulios and Tasos Hadjis. Historical Album of the Greek War of Independence 1821: An Illustrated Chronicle. Vol 1. Transl. Kypros Psyllides and Patroclos Stavrou. Melissa, Athens, [197-].
  • The hanging of Archbishop Kyprianos

External links

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