Koukoulion

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[[File:Tikhon of Moscow.jpg|thumb|St. Tikhon of Moscow, wearing the patriarchal white koukoulion]]]
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[[File:Tikhon of Moscow.jpg|thumb|St. Tikhon of Moscow, wearing the patriarchal white koukoulion]]
  
The '''Koukoulion''' ([[w:Church Slavonic language|Slavonic]]: ''Kukol'') is a traditional headdress worn by [[monks]] of the [[Great Schema]] in the Orthodox Church.  
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The '''Koukoulion''' ([[w:Church Slavonic language|Slavonic]]: ''Kukol'') is a traditional headdress worn by [[monks]] of the [[Schema#Great_Schema|Great Schema]] in the Orthodox Church.  
  
 
[[Image:Adrian of Ondrusov.jpg|thumb|left|[[Icon]] of St. Adrian of Ondrusov, wearing the black koukoulion. The lapets can be seen on his shoulders.]]
 
[[Image:Adrian of Ondrusov.jpg|thumb|left|[[Icon]] of St. Adrian of Ondrusov, wearing the black koukoulion. The lapets can be seen on his shoulders.]]
  
From the 17th century, following the reforms of [[Nikon of Moscow|Patriarch Nikon]], the upper vesture worn by monks of the [[Great Schema]] (''skhimonakh'') is in the form of a pointed hood with two long [[w:lappet|lappet]]s which cover the back and breast. It is black in color, and embroidered with crosses, six-winged [[seraphim]], and the text of the [[Trisagion]]. It is worn above the [[mandyas]] (monastic mantle), and is the same for both monks and [[nun]]s.  In the context of monastic vows, it is called the ''koukoulion of kindliness'', and the ''helmet of salvation''. The koukoulion replaces the [[klobuk]] which is worn by the monastics of lower ranks.
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From the 17th century, following the reforms of [[Nikon of Moscow|Patriarch Nikon]], the upper vesture worn by monks of the [[Schema#Great_Schema|Great Schema]] (''skhimonakh'') is in the form of a pointed hood with two long [[w:lappet|lappet]]s which cover the back and breast. It is black in color, and embroidered with crosses, six-winged [[seraphim]], and the text of the [[Trisagion]]. It is worn above the [[mantiya]] (monastic mantle), and is the same for both monks and [[nun]]s.  In the context of monastic vows, it is called the ''koukoulion of kindliness'', and the ''helmet of salvation''. The koukoulion replaces the [[klobuk]] which is worn by the monastics of lower ranks.
  
The [[Patriarch of Moscow and all Russia]] wears a white koukoulion with a "Zion", a stiffened point topped by a cross. He wears this [[w:ex officio|ex officio]], whether or not he has been [[tonsure]]d into the Great Schema. Koukoulia are also worn by the [[primate]]s of certain other Orthodox churches, for example the [[Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia]].
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The [[List of primates of Russia|Patriarch of Moscow and all Russia]] wears a white koukoulion with a "Zion", a stiffened point topped by a cross. He wears this [[w:ex officio|ex officio]], whether or not he has been [[tonsure]]d into the Great Schema. Koukoulia are also worn by the [[primate]]s of certain other Orthodox churches, for example the [[List of Catholicoses of Georgia|Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia]].
  
 
==Source==
 
==Source==
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*[[Klobuk]]
 
*[[Klobuk]]
 
*[[Skufia]]
 
*[[Skufia]]
*[[Cowl]]
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[[Category:Vestments]]
 
[[Category:Vestments]]

Latest revision as of 02:52, July 23, 2013

St. Tikhon of Moscow, wearing the patriarchal white koukoulion

The Koukoulion (Slavonic: Kukol) is a traditional headdress worn by monks of the Great Schema in the Orthodox Church.

Icon of St. Adrian of Ondrusov, wearing the black koukoulion. The lapets can be seen on his shoulders.

From the 17th century, following the reforms of Patriarch Nikon, the upper vesture worn by monks of the Great Schema (skhimonakh) is in the form of a pointed hood with two long lappets which cover the back and breast. It is black in color, and embroidered with crosses, six-winged seraphim, and the text of the Trisagion. It is worn above the mantiya (monastic mantle), and is the same for both monks and nuns. In the context of monastic vows, it is called the koukoulion of kindliness, and the helmet of salvation. The koukoulion replaces the klobuk which is worn by the monastics of lower ranks.

The Patriarch of Moscow and all Russia wears a white koukoulion with a "Zion", a stiffened point topped by a cross. He wears this ex officio, whether or not he has been tonsured into the Great Schema. Koukoulia are also worn by the primates of certain other Orthodox churches, for example the Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia.

Source

Wikipedia Koukoulion

See also

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