Justin Martyr

From OrthodoxWiki
(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
m (add categories)
m (Category)
 
(13 intermediate revisions by 10 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
Our father among the saints '''Justin Martyr''', also '''Justin the Martyr''', was one of the earliest apologists for the Christian [[faith]]. A [[convert]] to Christianity, he produced a number of works during the middle of the second century, amongst them two ''Apologies'' addressed to the Roman emperors, defending and explaining Christianity that he believed was the true philosophy. The power of his arguments was to earn him his [[martyr]]dom.
+
[[Image:Justin Martyr.jpg|right|frame|St. Justin]]
 +
The holy, glorious, right-victorious [[martyr]] '''Justin the Philosopher''' (also '''Justin Martyr''') was one of the earliest apologists for the Christian [[faith]]. A [[convert]] to Christianity, he produced a number of works during the middle of the second century, amongst them two ''Apologies'' addressed to the Roman emperors, defending and explaining Christianity as the true philosophy. The power of his arguments was to earn him his [[martyr]]dom.  His [[feast day]] is celebrated on [[June 1]].
  
 
==Life==  
 
==Life==  
The dates of Justin Martyr’s birth and death are not known. He is believed to have been born between 100 and 114, just as the first century ends. His death is believed to be between 162 and 168. Most of what is known of his life comes from his writings. He was born in Palestine in Flavia Neapolis, known in [[Old Testament]] times as Shechem, but now as Nablus. He called himself a Samaritan, although his father, Priscos, and grandfather, Baccheios, may have been Greek or Roman. As a child he was raised a pagan in a family of means and studied philosophy at various schools including those in Alexandria and Ephesus. He appears to have traveled extensively and eventually settled in Rome.  
+
The dates of Justin Martyr's birth and death are not known. He is believed to have been born between 100 and 114 A.D., and his death is believed to have occurred between 162 and 168. Most of what is known of his life comes from his own writings. He was born in Palestine in Flavia Neapolis, known in [[Old Testament]] times as Shechem, but now as Nablus. He called himself a Samaritan, although his father, Priscos, and grandfather, Baccheios, may have been Greek or Roman. As a child he was raised a [[pagan]] in a family of means and studied philosophy at various schools, including those in Alexandria and Ephesus. He appears to have traveled extensively and eventually settled in Rome.  
  
In his studies he initially leaned toward Stoicism, then toward Pythagoreanism followed by Platoism before becoming interested in Christianity while in Ephesus. There he was impressed by an elderly Christian who explained that Jesus was the fulfillment of the promises made through the Jewish prophets. He was also impressed by the steadfastness of the Christian martyrs. His soul inflamed with a love of the [[prophet]]s and those who were friends of Christ, Justin became a Christian about 130. As a philosophy student his approach to Christianity was that it brought completeness to the pagan philosophies.
+
In his studies he initially leaned toward Stoicism, then toward Pythagoreanism and Platonism before becoming interested in Christianity while in Ephesus. There he recounts his conversion as a semi-mystical experience: while walking along the seashore, there appeared an old man alongside him. He was impressed by this Christian, who explained that [[Jesus]] was the fulfillment of the promises made through the Jewish [[prophet]]s and thus the only true philosophy. He had also been impressed by the steadfastness of the Christian martyrs. His soul inflamed with a love of the prophets and those who were friends of [[Christ]], Justin became a Christian about 130. As a philosophy student he approached Christianity as bringing completeness to the pagan philosophies.
  
Justin’s martyrdom appears to be the result of his bettering the Cynic philosopher Crescens in debates in Rome. Around 165, on charges, possibly by Crescens, of following an illegal religion the prefect, Rustcus, condemned Justin to death by beheading with six of his companions: Chariton, Charito, Evelpostos, Paeon, Hierax, and Liberianos. ''The Acts of Justin the Martyr'' is believed to be a record of this trial.
+
Justin's martyrdom appears to be the result of his bettering the Cynic philosopher Crescens in debates in Rome. Around 165, he was charged, possibly by Crescens, of following an illegal religion. Subsequently the prefect, Rustcus, condemned Justin to death by beheading with six of his companions: Chariton, Charito, Evelpostos, Paeon, Hierax, and Liberianos. ''The Acts of Justin the Martyr'' is believed to be a record of this trial.
  
 
==Works==
 
==Works==
Justin was a prolific writer. Many of his writings now are known only through excerpts and quotation by other authors of antiquity.  Only three of Justin’s works are extant of which their authenticity is certain: two versions of his ‘‘Apology’‘ and one of ‘‘Diologue’‘ His ‘’Dialogue with Trypho’’ purports to record conversations that Justin had with a Jewish rabbi named Tryphon, who may have been the rabbi Tarphon mentioned often in the Talmud, in verbal attempts to reconcile Christian and Jewish positions, in the second century. Among other works attributed to him are:
+
Justin was a prolific writer. Many of his writings now are known only through excerpts and quotation by other authors of antiquity.  Only three of Justin's works of certain authenticity are extant: two versions of his ''Apology'' and one of his ''Dialogue with Trypho''. The latter purports to record conversations that Justin had with a Jewish rabbi named Tryphon, who may have been the rabbi Tarphon mentioned often in the Talmud, in verbal attempts to reconcile Christian and Jewish positions. Among other works attributed to him are:
 
* ''On the Resurrection''
 
* ''On the Resurrection''
 
* ''A Discourse to the Greeks''
 
* ''A Discourse to the Greeks''
Line 17: Line 18:
 
* ''Letter to Zenas and Serenus''
 
* ''Letter to Zenas and Serenus''
 
* ''Answers to the Orthodox''
 
* ''Answers to the Orthodox''
* ''The Greek’s Questions to the Christians''
+
* ''The Greek's Questions to the Christians''
 
* ''Refutation of Certain Aristotelean Theses''
 
* ''Refutation of Certain Aristotelean Theses''
 
* ''The Psalmist''
 
* ''The Psalmist''
 
* ''On the Soul''
 
* ''On the Soul''
+
==Hymns==
 +
[[Troparion]] ([[Tone]] 4)
 +
:O Justin, teacher of divine knowledge,
 +
:You shone with the radiance of true philosophy.
 +
:You were wisely armed against the enemy.
 +
:Confessing the truth you contended alongside the martyrs,
 +
:With them, ever entreat Christ our God to save our souls!
 +
 
 +
[[Kontakion]] (Tone 2)
 +
:The whole Church of God is adorned with the wisdom of your divine words, O Justin;
 +
:The world is enlightened by the radiance of your life.
 +
:By the shedding of your blood, you have received a crown.
 +
:As you stand before Christ with the angels, pray unceasingly for us all!
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08580c.htm Catholic Encyclopedia St Justin Martyr]
+
*[http://www.ccel.org/fathers2/ANF-01/anf01-44.htm#P3569_611625 Writings of Justin Martyr] at the Christian Classics Ethereal Library
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Justin_Martyr   Wikipedia: Justin Martyr]  
+
*[http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?FSID=101570 Martyr Justin the Philosopher and those with him at Rome] ([[OCA]])
* [http://justus.anglican.org/resources/bio/175.html   Justin Martyr, Apologist, and Martyr]
+
*[http://ww2.goarch.org/en/chapel/saints.asp?contentid=73 Justin the Philosopher & Martyr and his Companions] ([[GOARCH]])
 +
*[http://www.comeandseeicons.com/j/inp63.htm Icon of Saint Justin Martyr] at "Come and See" Icons, Books & Art by the hand of Nicholas Papas
 +
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08580c.htm Catholic Encyclopedia: St Justin Martyr]
 +
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Justin_Martyr Wikipedia: Justin Martyr]  
 +
* [http://justus.anglican.org/resources/bio/175.html Justin Martyr, Apologist, and Martyr]
 +
 
 +
[[Category:Saints]]
 +
[[Category:Ante-Nicene Saints]]
 +
[[Category:Church Fathers]]
 +
[[Category:Martyrs]]
 +
[[Category:2nd-century saints]]
  
[[Category: Saints]]
+
[[es:Justino Mártir]]
[[Category: Apostolic Fathers]]
+
[[el:Ιουστίνος ο Μάρτυς]]
[[Category: Martyrs]]
+
[[fr:Justin Martyr]]
 +
[[ro:Iustin Martirul]]

Latest revision as of 08:28, October 22, 2012

St. Justin

The holy, glorious, right-victorious martyr Justin the Philosopher (also Justin Martyr) was one of the earliest apologists for the Christian faith. A convert to Christianity, he produced a number of works during the middle of the second century, amongst them two Apologies addressed to the Roman emperors, defending and explaining Christianity as the true philosophy. The power of his arguments was to earn him his martyrdom. His feast day is celebrated on June 1.

Contents

Life

The dates of Justin Martyr's birth and death are not known. He is believed to have been born between 100 and 114 A.D., and his death is believed to have occurred between 162 and 168. Most of what is known of his life comes from his own writings. He was born in Palestine in Flavia Neapolis, known in Old Testament times as Shechem, but now as Nablus. He called himself a Samaritan, although his father, Priscos, and grandfather, Baccheios, may have been Greek or Roman. As a child he was raised a pagan in a family of means and studied philosophy at various schools, including those in Alexandria and Ephesus. He appears to have traveled extensively and eventually settled in Rome.

In his studies he initially leaned toward Stoicism, then toward Pythagoreanism and Platonism before becoming interested in Christianity while in Ephesus. There he recounts his conversion as a semi-mystical experience: while walking along the seashore, there appeared an old man alongside him. He was impressed by this Christian, who explained that Jesus was the fulfillment of the promises made through the Jewish prophets and thus the only true philosophy. He had also been impressed by the steadfastness of the Christian martyrs. His soul inflamed with a love of the prophets and those who were friends of Christ, Justin became a Christian about 130. As a philosophy student he approached Christianity as bringing completeness to the pagan philosophies.

Justin's martyrdom appears to be the result of his bettering the Cynic philosopher Crescens in debates in Rome. Around 165, he was charged, possibly by Crescens, of following an illegal religion. Subsequently the prefect, Rustcus, condemned Justin to death by beheading with six of his companions: Chariton, Charito, Evelpostos, Paeon, Hierax, and Liberianos. The Acts of Justin the Martyr is believed to be a record of this trial.

Works

Justin was a prolific writer. Many of his writings now are known only through excerpts and quotation by other authors of antiquity. Only three of Justin's works of certain authenticity are extant: two versions of his Apology and one of his Dialogue with Trypho. The latter purports to record conversations that Justin had with a Jewish rabbi named Tryphon, who may have been the rabbi Tarphon mentioned often in the Talmud, in verbal attempts to reconcile Christian and Jewish positions. Among other works attributed to him are:

  • On the Resurrection
  • A Discourse to the Greeks
  • Exhortation to the Greeks
  • On Monarchy
  • Exposition of the Faith
  • Letter to Zenas and Serenus
  • Answers to the Orthodox
  • The Greek's Questions to the Christians
  • Refutation of Certain Aristotelean Theses
  • The Psalmist
  • On the Soul

Hymns

Troparion (Tone 4)

O Justin, teacher of divine knowledge,
You shone with the radiance of true philosophy.
You were wisely armed against the enemy.
Confessing the truth you contended alongside the martyrs,
With them, ever entreat Christ our God to save our souls!

Kontakion (Tone 2)

The whole Church of God is adorned with the wisdom of your divine words, O Justin;
The world is enlightened by the radiance of your life.
By the shedding of your blood, you have received a crown.
As you stand before Christ with the angels, pray unceasingly for us all!

External links

Personal tools
Namespaces
Variants
Actions
Navigation
interaction
Donate

Please consider supporting OrthodoxWiki. FAQs

Toolbox
In other languages