Judas Iscariot

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'''Judas Iscariot''' was originally one of the twelve [[apostles]], but is known for his betrayal of [[Jesus Christ]].  The Wednesday [[fast]] commemorates the sorrow at this betrayal, and it is one of the events commemorated in the services of [[Holy Week|Holy Thursday]].  His place among the apostles was taken by [[Apostle Matthias|Matthias]] after a vote.  He was the son of Simon Iscariot; ''Iscariot'' refers to his place of birth, Judea.  The other apostles were all from Galilee. He is not to be confused with the [[Apostle Jude]], brother of [[Apostle James the Just|James]].
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==Betrayal==
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===Plot against Jesus===
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Judas agreed with the chief priests of the Jews to betray Jesus for thirty pieces of silver (cf. [[Gospel of Matthew|Matthew]] 26:14-16, [[Gospel of Mark|Mark]] 14:10-11, [[Gospel of Luke|Luke]] 22:1-6, [[Gospel of John|John]] 13:2-3).
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===Mystical Supper===
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Jesus revealed at the Mystical Supper that Judas would betray Him, fulfilling the prophecy from the [[Old Testament]].  After the bread was blessed and broken, Judas left to fetch a guard to arrest Jesus (cf. Matthew 26:20-25; Mark 14:18-21; Luke 22:21-23; John 13:10-11, 18-29).
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===Arrest===
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After Jesus and His apostles had eaten the meal, Judas came with an armed crowd and betrayed Jesus with a kiss.  Jesus allowed this because it was part of the burden He chose to accept (cf. Matthew 26:46-50, Mark 14:42-45, Luke 22:47-48, John 18:2-5).
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===Death===
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There are two accounts of Judas' death.
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* Judas, remorseful, tried to return the money, but was refused, so he threw it into the temple. He hanged himself.  The money was used to purchase a potter's field as a burial place for foreigners (cf. Matthew 27:3-10).
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* Judas bought a field where he fell and died (cf. [[Acts of the Apostles|Acts]] 1:18-19).
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==Theological meaning==
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The betrayal of Christ was foretold in the [[prophet]]s of the Old Testament, Jeremiah and Zachariah.
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In the services of [[Holy Week|Holy Wednesday]], Judas is contrasted with the sinful woman who anointed Jesus with costly perfume (Matthew 26:6-13).
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In the prayers of preparation before receiving the Holy Eucharist, he is contrasted with the the thief who confessed Christ on the cross: "I will not reveal your mysteries to your enemies, neither like Judas will I betray you with a kiss, but like the thief on the cross I will confess you: 'Remember me, Lord, when You come into Your Kingdom.'"
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==External links==
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*[http://www.goarch.org/en/special/lent/holy_thursday/learn/ Great and Holy Thursday] ([[GOARCH]])
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*[http://www.goarch.org/en/special/lent/bridegroom_services/learn/ Bridegroom Services: Palm Sunday Evening through Holy Wednesday] (GOARCH)
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*[http://www.goarch.org/en/ourfaith/articles/article7065.asp "The Twelve Apostles"] by Rev. George Mastrantonis (GOARCH)
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[[Category:People]]
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Revision as of 03:26, June 10, 2008

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