John (Alexeev)

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'''John (Alexeev)''', elder of Valaam, known in the world as John (Ioann) Alexeevich Alexeev, was a Schema-abbot at the [[Valaam Monastery|Valaam]] and [[Valamo|New-Valaam]] monasteries.
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'''John (Alexeev)''', an elder of Valaam, known in the world as John (Ioann) Alexeevich Alexeev, was a Schema-abbot at the [[Valaam Monastery|Valaam]] and [[Valamo|New-Valaam]] monasteries.
  
 
==Life==
 
==Life==
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John was born on [[February 14]], 1873 in Tver province of Russia into a family of a peasant family. He graduated from the [[parish]] school of the village of Il’inskoe.
  
John was born in February, 14, 1873 in Tver province of Russia in a family of a peasant. He graduated from the parish school of the village of Il’inskoe.  
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In 1889, he entered Valaam Monastery. After spending four years in the Skete of St. Herman of Valaam, he was conscripted into the army for another four years. Released from military service, he temporarily returned home before returning, in 1901, to Valaam. John was given obedience for two years at the [[metochion]] of the Valaam monastery in St. Petersburg. Later, he wrote that the city had a bad influence on him and that he, weak in spirit, could not accommodate the urban bustle.
  
In 1889 he entered the [[Valaam Monastery]]. He spent 4 years in the Skete of Saint Herman of Valaam and then was conscripted into the army for another 4 years. Then he temporary returned home and then, in 1901, again went to Valaam. John was given obedience at the metochion of the Valaam monastery in St. Petersburg where he spent 2 years. He wrote later, that the city had a bad influence on him and he, weak in spirit, could not accommodate the urban bustle.
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In 1906, John became a [[novice]] at Valaam Monastery and, on [[May 22]], 1910, he was [[tonsure]]d a [[monk]] with the name of Hyacinth.  
  
In 1906 John was enlisted as a novice of the Valaam monastery and on May, 22, 1910 he was tonsured a monk with the name of Hyacinth.  
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After repeated petitions, Hyacinth returned to the [[monastery]] and lived initially in St. Elias Skete, then later in the Skete of St. [[John the Forerunner|John the Baptist]].
  
After repeated petitions, Hyacinth was returned to the monastery and was living in St. Elias’ Skete and later in the Skete of St. John the Baptist.
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On [[October 19]], 1921, he was appointed [[abbot] of St. Tryphon of Pechenga Monastery. Then on [[November 13]], he was [[ordination|ordained]] a [[hierodeacon]] and [[November 15]] a [[hieromonk]]. At that time, the monastery was within the territory of the newly independent Finland.
  
On October 19, 1921 he was made an abbot of St. Tryphon of Pechenga monastery. Then on November, 13, he was ordained [[hierodeacon]] and November, 15 – [[hieromonk]]. At that time, the monastery was on the territory of Finland.
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In 1932, Hyacinth returned to Valaam and, in 1933, he was tonsured in [[Monastic Ranks|Great Schema]] with the name John and began to live in seclusion in the Skete of St. John the Baptist. In 1938, he was elected the spiritual father of the monastery.
  
In 1932 Hyacinth returned to Valaam and in 1933 he was tonsured in Great Schema with the name of John and started to live in seclusion in the Skete of St. John the Baptist. In 1938 he was elected as a spiritual farther of the monastery.
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In 1940, Fr. John was evacuated with the other brethren to Finland during the [[w:Winter War|Winter War]] between the Soviet Union and Finland.
  
In 1940 Fr. John was evacuated with other brethren to Finland.
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The elder reposed on [[June 5]], 1958, in the New-Valaam Monastery in Finland.
  
Father John carried on an extensive correspondence. Among his spiritual children were people both with higher education and simple, uneducated. In the 1950s, some of his letters were published in the journal "Aamun Koitto", translated into Finnish by the chief editor Hieromonk Paul, so the readers got acquainted with the teachings of the elder and his advices. In 1956, a small collection of letters was published in Helsinki in Russian. Subsequently, the letters were reprinted several times in Finland, in 1984, 1990. The book was translated into English and Serbian. Many times the letters were published in Russia.
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==Writings==
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Father John carried on an extensive correspondence. Among his spiritual children were people both with higher education and simply uneducated. In the 1950s, some of his letters were published in the journal "Aamun Koitto", translated into Finnish by the chief editor Hieromonk Paul, so the readers got acquainted with the teachings of the elder and his advices. In 1956, a small collection of letters was published in Helsinki in Russian. Subsequently, in 1984 and 1990, the letters were reprinted in Finland and, in book form, were translated into English and Serbian. Many times the letters were published in Russia.
  
The elder reposed on June 5, 1958, in the [[Valamo|New-Valaam Monastery]] in Finland.
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==Sources==
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*[http://shiigumen.ru Letters of Valaam elder John(Alexeev)]  In Russian
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*[http://drevo-info.ru/articles/18968.html Drevo: open orthodox encyclopedia. Schema-Abbot John (Alexeev).] In Russian
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*[http://valaam.ru Web site of Valaam Monastery] In Russian
  
==Source==
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[[Category: Monastics]]
*[http://shiigumen.ru Letters of Valaam elder John(Alexeev)]
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[[Category: Priests]]
*[http://drevo-info.ru/articles/18968.html Drevo: open orthodox encyclopedia. Schema-Abbot John (Alexeev).]
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*[http://valaam.ru Web site of Valaam Monastery]
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Revision as of 09:38, February 20, 2013

John (Alexeev), an elder of Valaam, known in the world as John (Ioann) Alexeevich Alexeev, was a Schema-abbot at the Valaam and New-Valaam monasteries.

Life

John was born on February 14, 1873 in Tver province of Russia into a family of a peasant family. He graduated from the parish school of the village of Il’inskoe.

In 1889, he entered Valaam Monastery. After spending four years in the Skete of St. Herman of Valaam, he was conscripted into the army for another four years. Released from military service, he temporarily returned home before returning, in 1901, to Valaam. John was given obedience for two years at the metochion of the Valaam monastery in St. Petersburg. Later, he wrote that the city had a bad influence on him and that he, weak in spirit, could not accommodate the urban bustle.

In 1906, John became a novice at Valaam Monastery and, on May 22, 1910, he was tonsured a monk with the name of Hyacinth.

After repeated petitions, Hyacinth returned to the monastery and lived initially in St. Elias Skete, then later in the Skete of St. John the Baptist.

On October 19, 1921, he was appointed [[abbot] of St. Tryphon of Pechenga Monastery. Then on November 13, he was ordained a hierodeacon and November 15 a hieromonk. At that time, the monastery was within the territory of the newly independent Finland.

In 1932, Hyacinth returned to Valaam and, in 1933, he was tonsured in Great Schema with the name John and began to live in seclusion in the Skete of St. John the Baptist. In 1938, he was elected the spiritual father of the monastery.

In 1940, Fr. John was evacuated with the other brethren to Finland during the Winter War between the Soviet Union and Finland.

The elder reposed on June 5, 1958, in the New-Valaam Monastery in Finland.

Writings

Father John carried on an extensive correspondence. Among his spiritual children were people both with higher education and simply uneducated. In the 1950s, some of his letters were published in the journal "Aamun Koitto", translated into Finnish by the chief editor Hieromonk Paul, so the readers got acquainted with the teachings of the elder and his advices. In 1956, a small collection of letters was published in Helsinki in Russian. Subsequently, in 1984 and 1990, the letters were reprinted in Finland and, in book form, were translated into English and Serbian. Many times the letters were published in Russia.

Sources

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