Joachim II of Constantinople

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His All-Holiness Joachim II was the Patriarch of Constantinople during two periods during the latter part of the nineteenth century: from 1860 to 1863 and from 1873 to 1878.

Life

Joachim II was born John Kokkades in Chios. The date of his birth is not known. Given the name Joachim when he became a monastic, Patr. Joachim pursued an interest in the educational and philanthropic institutions of the Church of Constantinople during his first period as patriarch. With the raise of national and cultural awareness in the Ottoman Empire during the nineteenth century, Joachim II was confronted by the demands of the Bulgarian Orthodox community within the empire for ecclesiastical independence from the Church of Constantinople and use of Church Slavonic with Bulgarian clergy.

Succession box:
Joachim II of Constantinople
Preceded by:
Cyril VII
Patriarch of Constantinople
1860-1863
Succeeded by:
Sophronius III
Preceded by:
Anthimus VI
Patriarch of Constantinople
1873-1878
Succeeded by:
Joachim III
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