Jesus Christ

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Revision as of 01:35, October 7, 2008

Icon of our Lord Jesus Christ at St. Catherine's Monastery (Sinai)

Our Lord, God and Savior Jesus Christ is the incarnate Second Person of the Holy Trinity, fully God and fully man, born in time of the Virgin Mary and begotten from before all time of God the Father.

His English name Jesus is from the Greek Ιησους which is from the Hebrew Yeshua, which means "Yahweh saves." His title Christ is from the Greek Χριστος, which is a translation of the Hebrew Mashiach ("Messiah"), which means "anointed one."


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Contents

The Messiah

Jesus Christ is the Messiah prophesied by the Jewish prophets of the Old Testament Scriptures. The Gospel of Matthew in particular focuses on the Jesus' fulfilment of prophecy, mainly because it was written for a Jewish audience.

Immanuel / Emmanuel

Immanuel (Hebrew עִמָּנוּאֵל) as found in the Hebrew Text of the Book of Isaiah of the Old Testament consists of two Hebrew words: אל (El, meaning God) and עמנו (Imanu, meaning with us) and therefore has the meaning "God with us." It also appears as Εμμανουηλ (Emmanuel) in Isaiah 7:14 of the Greek Septuagint, and is most notably found in Matthew 1:23 where this descriptive name is applied to Our Lord and Savior since He is "God with us."

"Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us. (Matt. 1:23; KJV)
"Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel. (Isa. 7:14; KJV)

See also

Icons


This article forms part of the series
Introduction to Orthodox Christianity
Holy Tradition Holy Scripture | The Symbol of Faith | Ecumenical Councils | Church Fathers | Liturgy | Canons | Icons
The Holy Trinity God the Father | Jesus Christ | The Holy Spirit
The Church Ecclesiology | History | Holy Mysteries | Church Life
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