Jeremias III of Constantinople

From OrthodoxWiki
(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
m (link)
(added content)
 
(4 intermediate revisions by 2 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
His All-Holiness '''Jeremias III of Constantinople''' was the patriarch of Constantinople for two periods during the eighteenth century, from 1716 to 1726 and from 1732 to 1733.
+
His All-Holiness '''Jeremias III of Constantinople''' was the [[Patriarch]] of [[Constantinople]] for two periods during the eighteenth century, from 1716 to 1726 and from 1732 to 1733.
 +
 
 +
==Life==
 +
Jeremias was born in Patmos during the second half of the seventeenth century. While living in Patmos he was [[ordination|ordained]] a [[deacon]]. He moved to Constantinople at an early age and entered into an ecclesiastic career. After his ordination as [[priest]], he served on the island of Halki, before entering service in the [[Diocese of Caesarea (Kaisareia)|Metropolis of Caesarea]] under the metropolitan Cyprianus. He is believed to have succeeded Metr. Cyprianus in 1708. He apparently established a good reputation as metropolitan in Kaisareia. He served as Metropolitan of Caesarea until [[March 23]], 1716 when he was elected Patriarch of Constantinople and, as patriarch, enjoyed a positive attitude towards him from the community of the Kaisareians in Constantinople.
 +
 
 +
His first period as a patriarch ended in 1726 with his exile to the Sinai. His [[deposition]] was the result of the actions by the ruler of Moldavia, Grigorios Gikas. Notwithstanding his removal from the patriarchal throne, Jeremias remained popular among the people who came from Kaisareia who, in 1731 tried to overthrow Paisius II (Kioumourtzoglou) and restore Jeremias. While the plan failed, Jeremias remained an important figure in the Church and, when Paisius II deposed for the first time, was installed a second time as patriarch in January 1733.
 +
 
 +
Patr. Jeremias, also, became involved in the succession to the patriarchal throne of Antioch. In 1724, he interceded in the election of the patriarch succeeding Patr. [[Athanasius III Dabbas of Antioch|Athanasius III Dabbas]] following his death, by declaring the election of [[Cyril III Zaim of Antioch|Cyril Tanas]], who favored re-establishing communion with the [[Roman Catholic Church]], invalid and [[excommunication|excommunicated]] him. In his stead Jeremias appointed [[Sylvester of Antioch|Sylvester]], a Greek hieromonk, the patriarch, on the basis of his authority over the Antiochian Patriarchate. This move formalized the split within the Church of Antioch between those who were favorable to union with Rome, led by Cyril VI Tanas, and those who were opposed led by Sylvester, thus creating the present day [[Melkite]] Greek Catholic Church.
 +
 
 +
His second period as patriarch was brief and rather inglorious, as in July 1733, Patr. Jeremias suffered a stroke and became incapable of fulfilling his duties. He was again deposed and sent in retirement to the [[Great Lavra (Athos)|Monastery of Megisti Lavra]] in [[Mount Athos]]. There, he reposed in 1735.
  
 
It was during Patr. Jeremias' patriarchate that authorization was given by the Ottoman Sultan to rebuilding the [[Patriarchal Church of Saint George (Phanar)|"Patriarchal Church and House"]] in Constantinople. The restoration of the church continued under later patriarchs, particularly Patr. Paisius II.
 
It was during Patr. Jeremias' patriarchate that authorization was given by the Ottoman Sultan to rebuilding the [[Patriarchal Church of Saint George (Phanar)|"Patriarchal Church and House"]] in Constantinople. The restoration of the church continued under later patriarchs, particularly Patr. Paisius II.
  
Patr. Jeremias became involved in the succession to the patriarchal throne of Antioch. In 1724, he interceded in the election of the patriarch succeeding Patr. Athanasius III Dabbas following his death, by declaring the election of Cyril Tanas, who favored re-establishing communion with the [[Roman Catholic Church]], invalid and [[excommunication|excommunicated]] him. In his stead Jeremias appointed [[ Sylvester of Antioch|Sylvester]], a Greek hieromonk, the patriarch, on the basis of his authority over the Antiochian Patriarchate. This move formalized the split within the Church of Antioch between those who were favorable to union with Rome, led by Cyril VI Tanas, and those who were opposed led by Sylvester, thus creating the present day Melkite Greek Catholic Church.
 
  
 
{{start box}}
 
{{start box}}
 +
{{succession|
 +
before=[[Cyprianus I of Constantinople|Cyprianus]]|
 +
title=Metropolitan of Caesarea|
 +
years=1733-1733|
 +
after=?}}
 
{{succession|
 
{{succession|
 
before=[[Cosmas II of Alexandria|Cosmas III]]|
 
before=[[Cosmas II of Alexandria|Cosmas III]]|
Line 14: Line 27:
 
before=Paisius II|
 
before=Paisius II|
 
title=Patriarch of Constantinople|
 
title=Patriarch of Constantinople|
years=1732-1733|
+
years=1733-1733|
 
after=Serapheim I}}
 
after=Serapheim I}}
 
{{end box}}  
 
{{end box}}  
  
 
==Sources==
 
==Sources==
 +
*[http://asiaminor.ehw.gr/Forms/fLemmaBody.aspx?lemmaid=8937  Ieremias III of Constantinople]
 +
*[http://asiaminor.ehw.gr/forms/fLemma.aspx?lemmaId=8937  Ieremias III of Constantinople]
 
*[http://www.ec-patr.org/afieroma/churches/show.php?lang=en  Patriarchal Church of St. George]
 
*[http://www.ec-patr.org/afieroma/churches/show.php?lang=en  Patriarchal Church of St. George]
 
*[http://www.enotes.com/topic/Melkite_Greek_Catholic_Church Melkite Greek Catholic Church]
 
*[http://www.enotes.com/topic/Melkite_Greek_Catholic_Church Melkite Greek Catholic Church]
  
 
[[Category: Bishops]]
 
[[Category: Bishops]]
 +
[[Category: Bishops of Caesarea (Cappadocia)]]
 +
[[Category:18th-century bishops]]
 
[[Category: Patriarchs of Constantinople]]
 
[[Category: Patriarchs of Constantinople]]

Latest revision as of 09:39, October 12, 2012

His All-Holiness Jeremias III of Constantinople was the Patriarch of Constantinople for two periods during the eighteenth century, from 1716 to 1726 and from 1732 to 1733.

Life

Jeremias was born in Patmos during the second half of the seventeenth century. While living in Patmos he was ordained a deacon. He moved to Constantinople at an early age and entered into an ecclesiastic career. After his ordination as priest, he served on the island of Halki, before entering service in the Metropolis of Caesarea under the metropolitan Cyprianus. He is believed to have succeeded Metr. Cyprianus in 1708. He apparently established a good reputation as metropolitan in Kaisareia. He served as Metropolitan of Caesarea until March 23, 1716 when he was elected Patriarch of Constantinople and, as patriarch, enjoyed a positive attitude towards him from the community of the Kaisareians in Constantinople.

His first period as a patriarch ended in 1726 with his exile to the Sinai. His deposition was the result of the actions by the ruler of Moldavia, Grigorios Gikas. Notwithstanding his removal from the patriarchal throne, Jeremias remained popular among the people who came from Kaisareia who, in 1731 tried to overthrow Paisius II (Kioumourtzoglou) and restore Jeremias. While the plan failed, Jeremias remained an important figure in the Church and, when Paisius II deposed for the first time, was installed a second time as patriarch in January 1733.

Patr. Jeremias, also, became involved in the succession to the patriarchal throne of Antioch. In 1724, he interceded in the election of the patriarch succeeding Patr. Athanasius III Dabbas following his death, by declaring the election of Cyril Tanas, who favored re-establishing communion with the Roman Catholic Church, invalid and excommunicated him. In his stead Jeremias appointed Sylvester, a Greek hieromonk, the patriarch, on the basis of his authority over the Antiochian Patriarchate. This move formalized the split within the Church of Antioch between those who were favorable to union with Rome, led by Cyril VI Tanas, and those who were opposed led by Sylvester, thus creating the present day Melkite Greek Catholic Church.

His second period as patriarch was brief and rather inglorious, as in July 1733, Patr. Jeremias suffered a stroke and became incapable of fulfilling his duties. He was again deposed and sent in retirement to the Monastery of Megisti Lavra in Mount Athos. There, he reposed in 1735.

It was during Patr. Jeremias' patriarchate that authorization was given by the Ottoman Sultan to rebuilding the "Patriarchal Church and House" in Constantinople. The restoration of the church continued under later patriarchs, particularly Patr. Paisius II.


Succession box:
Jeremias III of Constantinople
Preceded by:
Cyprianus
Metropolitan of Caesarea
1733-1733
Succeeded by:
?
Preceded by:
Cosmas III
Patriarch of Constantinople
1716-1726
Succeeded by:
Paisius II
Preceded by:
Paisius II
Patriarch of Constantinople
1733-1733
Succeeded by:
Serapheim I
Help with box



Sources

Personal tools
Namespaces
Variants
Actions
Navigation
interaction
Donate

Please consider supporting OrthodoxWiki. FAQs

Toolbox