Jakob (Akkersdijk) of The Hague

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'''Archbishop Jakob''' or '''Jacob''' (secular name '''Jacobus Hubertus Antonius Akkersdijk'''; August 13, 1914 - July 26, 1991) was Bishop of the [[Russian Orthodox Church]], Archbishop of The Hague and the Dutch.
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[[File:Jakob (Akkersdijk) of The Hague.JPG|right|thumb|250px]]
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'''Archbishop Jakob''' or '''Jacob''' (secular name '''Jacobus Hubertus Antonius Akkersdijk'''<ref>'''(Dutch)''' Erfgoedcentrum Nederlands Kloosterleven. ''[http://www.erfgoedkloosterleven.nl/zoeken/collecties-zoeken.php?miview=ldt&mivast=1212&mizig=211&miadt=1212&miaet=14&micode=BB-ND&minr=921790&milang=nl&misort=titel%7cdesc E-8084 Aartsbisschop Jacob, Jacobus Hubertus Antonius Akkersdijk, 13 augustus 1914 - 26 juli 1991 / A.].'' Retrieved: 2013-02-05.</ref>), August 13, 1914 - July 26, 1991, was the Archbishop of The Hague and the Netherlands, of the [[Russian Orthodox Church]].
  
== Biography ==
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==Biography==
Born on August 13, 1914 in the Dutch family, August 14, baptised in the Catholic Church. [3]
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Archbishop Jakob was born on August 13, 1914 to a Dutch family,<ref>{{ru icon}} ''[http://zarubezhje.narod.ru/suppl/sp_066.htm Архиепископ Иаков (Аккердейк) (1914 - 1991)].'' Retrieved: 2013-02-05.</ref> and was [[Baptism|baptised]] into the [[Roman Catholic Church]] on August 14.<ref name="ortho-rus">{{ru icon}} ''[http://www.ortho-rus.ru/cgi-bin/ps_file.cgi?2_2076 Иаков (Аккерсдайк)].'' Благотворительный фонд "Русское Православие". Retrieved: 2013-02-05.</ref>
Was a novice in the Benedictine katolicheskom monastyre in Belgium.
+
  
After meeting with the hieromonk [[Dionysius (Lukin) of Rotterdam|Dionysius (Lukin)]] has decided to adopt Orthodoxy. Accepted May 10, 1940 through the anointing. Along with him came to Orthodoxy  his friend, monk Adrian Korporaal.
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He later became a [[novice]] in a [[Rule of St. Benedict|Benedictine]] Catholic monastery in Belgium.
  
In 1945, Dionysius (Lukin), together with Metropolitan [[Eulogius (Georgievsky) of Paris|Eulogius (Georgievsky)]] has returned to the Russian Orthodox Church, but Jakob and Adrian went to the jurisdiction of the [[Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia]], founded in The Hague Dutch-parish dedicated to St. John the Baptist.
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After meeting with hieromonk [[Dionysius (Lukin) of Rotterdam|Dionysius (Lukin)]], he decided to adopt [[Orthodox Church|Orthodoxy]]. He was received on May 10, 1940 by [[Chrismation]], and his friend, monk Adrian Korporaal also followed him in accepting Orthodoxy.
  
August 10, 1948 he was tonsured a monk.
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===With ROCOR===
 +
In 1945, Dionysius (Lukin), together with Metropolitan [[Eulogius (Georgievsky) of Paris|Eulogius (Georgievsky)]] returned to the Russian Orthodox Church, however Jakob and Adrian went to the jurisdiction of the [[Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia]], founded in [[w:The Hague|The Hague]] in the Dutch-parish dedicated to St. John the Baptist.
  
In 1952, they small parish visited archbishop of Brussels and the Western Europe [[John (Maximovitch) of San Francisco|John (Maximovich)]]. Being a supporter of rebuilding national Orthodox Churches in Europe, Bishop John approvingly treated activities orthodox dutch missionaries and offered them if necessary turn to him for help.
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On August 10, 1948 he was [[tonsure]]d a [[monk]].
  
In 1954, the community came to the diocese of the Archbishop John, who was then ordained Jakob as a Hieromonk, and appointed a priest in the parish of St. John the Baptist, elevated to a nunnery. Its core was formed benedictine nuns, who came to Orthodoxy. This monastery has set the task to witness Orthodoxy to local people. Owing to Archbishop John managed to defend the Dutch language for liturgical use and to continue his missionary work.
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In 1952, the Archbishop of Brussels and Western Europe [[John (Maximovitch) of San Francisco|John (Maximovich)]] visited their small parish. Being a supporter of rebuilding national Orthodox Churches in Europe, Bishop John approved of the activities of the Orthodox Dutch missionaries, and offered that they turn to him for help if required.
  
August 10, 1958 he was elevated to the rank of [[hegumen]].
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In 1954, the community joined the Diocese of Archbishop John, who then ordained Jakob as a [[Hieromonk]], and appointed him as [[priest]] of the parish of St. John the Baptist, which was elevated to a nunnery. Its core was formed by Benedictine [[nun]]s, who came to Orthodoxy. This monastery's mission was to provide a witness for Orthodoxy to the local people. Owing to Archbishop John's support, Jakob managed to defend the Dutch language for liturgical use and to continue his [[missionary]] work. On August 10, 1958 he was elevated to the rank of [[hegumen]].
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[[File:Metropolitan Philaret with Bishop Jacob (1965).jpg|thumb|with Metropolitan Philaret (Voznesensky). The Hague - October 7, 1965]]
  
After the transfer of Archbishop John to the ocean, dutch parishes left without pastoral care. In this regard, at the insistence of Archbishop John hegumen Jakob (Akkersdijk) was elected Bishop of The Hague, the vicar of Western European Diocese.
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With the transfer of Archbishop John overseas in 1962, the Dutch parishes were left without pastoral care. In this regard, at the insistence of Archbishop John, Hegumen Jakob (Akkersdijk) was elected as Bishop of The Hague, and Vicar of the Western European Diocese (ROCOR).  
  
February 21, 1965 was elevated to the rank of [[Archimandrite]].
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Thus on February 21, 1965 was elevated to the rank of [[Archimandrite]]. And on September 19, 1965, in the church of Saint Job the Suffering in Brussels, he was [[Consecration of a bishop|consecrated bishop]] of the Hague, and Vicar of the Western European Diocese, and was appointed Chief of the Dutch Orthodox Mission. The Consecration was performed by Metropolitan [[Philaret (Voznesensky) of New York|Philaret (Voznesensky)]], Archbishop [[Anthony (Bartoshevich) of Geneva|Anthony (Bartoshevich)]] of Geneva and Bishop [[Nathaniel (Lvov)]].
  
September 19, 1965 in the church of Saint-suffering Job in Brussels he was consecrated bishop of the Hague, the vicar of the Western European Diocese, and appopinted Chief Dutch Orthodox Mission. Consecration was performed by Metropolitan [[Philaret (Voznesensky) of New York|Philaret (Voznesensky)]], Archbishop [[Anthony (Bartoshevich) of Geneva|Anthony (Bartoshevich)]] of Geneva and Bishop [[Nathaniel (Lvov)]].
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After the death of the Archbishop John in 1966, Bishop Jakob's flock lost the assisstance and protection which he had rendered the Dutch diocese. In general, after the death of Metropolitan [[Anastasy (Gribanovsky) of Kishinev|Anastasius (Gribanovsky)]] and St. John (Maximovich), the spirit of isolationism prevailed in the ROCOR, with the desire to make all [[Western Rite]] and New Calendarist parishes to serve by the Old Calendar, and only according to the Russian liturgical tradition. Thus, the Hague Diocese found itself in isolation.
  
After the death of the Archbishop Jonh in 1966, Bishop Jakob lost his flock that assisstance and protection, which he render the Dutch diocese. In general, after the death of Metropolitan [[Anastasy (Gribanovsky) of Kishinev|Anastasius (Gribanovsky)]] and St. John (Maximovich) in the ROCOR prevailed the spirit of isolationism and the desire to make all weaten rite new calendarist parishes to serve by the old calendar and according only according to the Russian liturgical tradition. Thus, the Hague Diocese finds itself in isolation.
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===With Church of Russia===
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In 1971 Bishop Jakob left the ROCOR, together with his community and two monasteries, since the ROCOR Synod of Bishops did not allow him to celebrate the holidays according to the [[Western Rite|Western calendar]].<ref>{{de icon}} Gernot Seide. «[http://www.ostdok.de/de/fs1/object/goToPage/bsb00042523.html?pageNo=3 Geschichte der Russischen Orthodoxen Kirche im Ausland von der Gründunng bis in die Gegenwart]». 1983.</ref>
  
In 1971, with his community and two monasteries he left the ROCOR, so long as ROCOR Synod not let him celebrate the holidays by the Western calendar.
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On August 18, 1972, by decision of the [[Holy Synod]] of the [[Church of Russia|Russian Orthodox Church]], Bishop Jakob was admitted together with all of the clergy and flock, and was appointed the ruling bishop of the newly formed Diocese of The Hague and the Netherlands.
  
August 18, 1972 by decision of the Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church, Bishop Jakob was admitted with the clergy and flock, and appointed the ruling bishop of the newly formed Diocese of The Hague and the Netherlands.
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On June 12, 1979 was elevated to the rank of [[Archbishop]].
  
June 12, 1979 was elevated to the rank of [[Archbishop]].
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On February 16, 1984 he was awarded Order of St. Prince Vladimir, Second Class.<ref name="ortho-rus"/>
  
February 16, 1984 was awarded Order of St. Prince Vladimir Second Class.
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He retired on December 30, 1988, and died July 26, 1991.
  
December 30, 1988 he was retired.
 
  
Died July 26, 1991.
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{{start box}}
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{{succession|
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before=Nathaniel (Lvov)|
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title=Bishop of The Hague,<br> Vicar of the Western European Diocese<br>([[ROCOR]])|
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years=September 19, 1965 - 1971|
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after=(Vicariate abolished)}}
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{{succession|
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before=(Diocese established)|
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title=Archbishop of The Hague and the Netherlands<br>([[Church of Russia]])|
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years=August 18, 1972 - December 30, 1988|
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after= Diocese widowing }}
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{{end box}}
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==References==
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<div><references/></div>
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==Sources==
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* {{ru icon}} ''[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%98%D0%B0%D0%BA%D0%BE%D0%B2_(%D0%90%D0%BA%D0%BA%D0%B5%D1%80%D1%81%D0%B4%D0%B5%D0%B9%D0%BA) Иаков (Аккерсдейк)].'' Russian Wikipedia.
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* {{ru icon}} ''[http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%93%D0%B0%D0%B0%D0%B3%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B0%D1%8F_%D0%B8_%D0%9D%D0%B8%D0%B4%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%BB%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B4%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B0%D1%8F_%D0%B5%D0%BF%D0%B0%D1%80%D1%85%D0%B8%D1%8F Гаагская и Нидерландская епархия].'' Russian Wikipedia.
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* {{ru icon}} ''[http://www.ortho-rus.ru/cgi-bin/ps_file.cgi?2_2076 Иаков (Аккерсдайк)].'' на сайте «Русское православие». Retrieved 2013-02-05.
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* {{ru icon}} ''[http://vstrecha-mpda.ru/archive/04/na_zemle_svjatogo_villibrorda/ На земле святого Виллиброрда Заметки о православной Голландии].'' «Встреча» №1 (4), 1997.
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* {{ru icon}} Cвященник Сергий Модель. ''[http://www.archiepiskopia.be/Rus/biblioteka/model/belg_missia_model.html MАЛОИЗВЕСТНАЯ СТРАНИЦА ИСТОРИИ ПРАВОСЛАВИЯ НА ЗАПАДЕ : ПРАВОСЛАВНАЯ БЕЛЬГИЙСКАЯ МИССИЯ (1963—1987)].'' Retrieved 2013-02-05.
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* '''(Dutch)''' ''[http://www.orthodoxekerk.nl/wie_en_wat/ De Orthodoxe Kerk. De Oorspronkelijke Kerk].'' Retrieved 2013-02-05.
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[[Category:Bishops]]
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[[Category:20th-century bishops]]
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[[Category:Converts to Orthodox Christianity from Roman Catholicism]]
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[[Category:Orthodoxy in Western Europe]]
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[[Category:Missionaries]]

Latest revision as of 04:18, June 8, 2013

Jakob (Akkersdijk) of The Hague.JPG

Archbishop Jakob or Jacob (secular name Jacobus Hubertus Antonius Akkersdijk[1]), August 13, 1914 - July 26, 1991, was the Archbishop of The Hague and the Netherlands, of the Russian Orthodox Church.

Contents

Biography

Archbishop Jakob was born on August 13, 1914 to a Dutch family,[2] and was baptised into the Roman Catholic Church on August 14.[3]

He later became a novice in a Benedictine Catholic monastery in Belgium.

After meeting with hieromonk Dionysius (Lukin), he decided to adopt Orthodoxy. He was received on May 10, 1940 by Chrismation, and his friend, monk Adrian Korporaal also followed him in accepting Orthodoxy.

With ROCOR

In 1945, Dionysius (Lukin), together with Metropolitan Eulogius (Georgievsky) returned to the Russian Orthodox Church, however Jakob and Adrian went to the jurisdiction of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia, founded in The Hague in the Dutch-parish dedicated to St. John the Baptist.

On August 10, 1948 he was tonsured a monk.

In 1952, the Archbishop of Brussels and Western Europe John (Maximovich) visited their small parish. Being a supporter of rebuilding national Orthodox Churches in Europe, Bishop John approved of the activities of the Orthodox Dutch missionaries, and offered that they turn to him for help if required.

In 1954, the community joined the Diocese of Archbishop John, who then ordained Jakob as a Hieromonk, and appointed him as priest of the parish of St. John the Baptist, which was elevated to a nunnery. Its core was formed by Benedictine nuns, who came to Orthodoxy. This monastery's mission was to provide a witness for Orthodoxy to the local people. Owing to Archbishop John's support, Jakob managed to defend the Dutch language for liturgical use and to continue his missionary work. On August 10, 1958 he was elevated to the rank of hegumen.

with Metropolitan Philaret (Voznesensky). The Hague - October 7, 1965

With the transfer of Archbishop John overseas in 1962, the Dutch parishes were left without pastoral care. In this regard, at the insistence of Archbishop John, Hegumen Jakob (Akkersdijk) was elected as Bishop of The Hague, and Vicar of the Western European Diocese (ROCOR).

Thus on February 21, 1965 was elevated to the rank of Archimandrite. And on September 19, 1965, in the church of Saint Job the Suffering in Brussels, he was consecrated bishop of the Hague, and Vicar of the Western European Diocese, and was appointed Chief of the Dutch Orthodox Mission. The Consecration was performed by Metropolitan Philaret (Voznesensky), Archbishop Anthony (Bartoshevich) of Geneva and Bishop Nathaniel (Lvov).

After the death of the Archbishop John in 1966, Bishop Jakob's flock lost the assisstance and protection which he had rendered the Dutch diocese. In general, after the death of Metropolitan Anastasius (Gribanovsky) and St. John (Maximovich), the spirit of isolationism prevailed in the ROCOR, with the desire to make all Western Rite and New Calendarist parishes to serve by the Old Calendar, and only according to the Russian liturgical tradition. Thus, the Hague Diocese found itself in isolation.

With Church of Russia

In 1971 Bishop Jakob left the ROCOR, together with his community and two monasteries, since the ROCOR Synod of Bishops did not allow him to celebrate the holidays according to the Western calendar.[4]

On August 18, 1972, by decision of the Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church, Bishop Jakob was admitted together with all of the clergy and flock, and was appointed the ruling bishop of the newly formed Diocese of The Hague and the Netherlands.

On June 12, 1979 was elevated to the rank of Archbishop.

On February 16, 1984 he was awarded Order of St. Prince Vladimir, Second Class.[3]

He retired on December 30, 1988, and died July 26, 1991.


Succession box:
Jakob (Akkersdijk) of The Hague
Preceded by:
Nathaniel (Lvov)
Bishop of The Hague,
Vicar of the Western European Diocese
(ROCOR)

September 19, 1965 - 1971
Succeeded by:
(Vicariate abolished)


Preceded by:
(Diocese established)
Archbishop of The Hague and the Netherlands
(Church of Russia)

August 18, 1972 - December 30, 1988
Succeeded by:
Diocese widowing
Help with box



References

  1. (Dutch) Erfgoedcentrum Nederlands Kloosterleven. E-8084 Aartsbisschop Jacob, Jacobus Hubertus Antonius Akkersdijk, 13 augustus 1914 - 26 juli 1991 / A.. Retrieved: 2013-02-05.
  2. (Russian) Архиепископ Иаков (Аккердейк) (1914 - 1991). Retrieved: 2013-02-05.
  3. 3.0 3.1 (Russian) Иаков (Аккерсдайк). Благотворительный фонд "Русское Православие". Retrieved: 2013-02-05.
  4. (German) Gernot Seide. «Geschichte der Russischen Orthodoxen Kirche im Ausland von der Gründunng bis in die Gegenwart». 1983.

Sources

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