Jakob (Akkersdijk) of The Hague
(Created page with "'''Archbishop Jakob''' or '''Jacob''' (secular name '''Jacobus Hubertus Antonius Akkersdijk'''; August 13, 1914 - July 26, 1991) was Bishop of the Russian Orthodox Church,...")
Revision as of 12:23, February 5, 2013
Archbishop Jakob or Jacob (secular name Jacobus Hubertus Antonius Akkersdijk; August 13, 1914 - July 26, 1991) was Bishop of the Russian Orthodox Church, Archbishop of The Hague and the Dutch.
Born on August 13, 1914 in the Dutch family, August 14, baptised in the Catholic Church.  Was a novice in the Benedictine katolicheskom monastyre in Belgium.
After meeting with the hieromonk Dionysius (Lukin) has decided to adopt Orthodoxy. Accepted May 10, 1940 through the anointing. Along with him came to Orthodoxy his friend, monk Adrian Korporaal.
In 1945, Dionysius (Lukin), together with Metropolitan Eulogius (Georgievsky) has returned to the Russian Orthodox Church, but Jakob and Adrian went to the jurisdiction of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia, founded in The Hague Dutch-parish dedicated to St. John the Baptist.
August 10, 1948 he was tonsured a monk.
In 1952, they small parish visited archbishop of Brussels and the Western Europe John (Maximovich). Being a supporter of rebuilding national Orthodox Churches in Europe, Bishop John approvingly treated activities orthodox dutch missionaries and offered them if necessary turn to him for help.
In 1954, the community came to the diocese of the Archbishop John, who was then ordained Jakob as a Hieromonk, and appointed a priest in the parish of St. John the Baptist, elevated to a nunnery. Its core was formed benedictine nuns, who came to Orthodoxy. This monastery has set the task to witness Orthodoxy to local people. Owing to Archbishop John managed to defend the Dutch language for liturgical use and to continue his missionary work.
August 10, 1958 he was elevated to the rank of hegumen.
After the transfer of Archbishop John to the ocean, dutch parishes left without pastoral care. In this regard, at the insistence of Archbishop John hegumen Jakob (Akkersdijk) was elected Bishop of The Hague, the vicar of Western European Diocese.
February 21, 1965 was elevated to the rank of Archimandrite.
September 19, 1965 in the church of Saint-suffering Job in Brussels he was consecrated bishop of the Hague, the vicar of the Western European Diocese, and appopinted Chief Dutch Orthodox Mission. Consecration was performed by Metropolitan Philaret (Voznesensky), Archbishop Anthony (Bartoshevich) of Geneva and Bishop Nathaniel (Lvov).
After the death of the Archbishop Jonh in 1966, Bishop Jakob lost his flock that assisstance and protection, which he render the Dutch diocese. In general, after the death of Metropolitan Anastasius (Gribanovsky) and St. John (Maximovich) in the ROCOR prevailed the spirit of isolationism and the desire to make all weaten rite new calendarist parishes to serve by the old calendar and according only according to the Russian liturgical tradition. Thus, the Hague Diocese finds itself in isolation.
In 1971, with his community and two monasteries he left the ROCOR, so long as ROCOR Synod not let him celebrate the holidays by the Western calendar.
August 18, 1972 by decision of the Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church, Bishop Jakob was admitted with the clergy and flock, and appointed the ruling bishop of the newly formed Diocese of The Hague and the Netherlands.
June 12, 1979 was elevated to the rank of Archbishop.
February 16, 1984 was awarded Order of St. Prince Vladimir Second Class.
December 30, 1988 he was retired.
Died July 26, 1991.