Iona

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[[Image:Iona_Crosses.jpg|right|thumb|300px|St. Martin's Cross (foreground) and St. John's Cross (background), two high crosses near Iona Abbey]]
 
[[Image:Iona_Crosses.jpg|right|thumb|300px|St. Martin's Cross (foreground) and St. John's Cross (background), two high crosses near Iona Abbey]]
'''Iona''', population 175, is a small island (1 mile wide, 3.5 miles long) of the Inner Hebrides, Scotland.
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'''Iona''', population 175, is a small island (1 mile wide, 3.5 miles long) of the Inner Hebrides, Scotland, famous for the [[monastery]] founded by St [[Columba of Iona]] and as the centre of the Christianisation of Scotland.
 
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==History==
 
==History==
In 563 St. [[Columba of Iona]], exiled from his native Ireland, founded a [[monastery]] here, and from here Orthodox Christianity spread to the rest of Scotland.  Numerous martyrs and other saints were produced from Iona, including not only St. Columba but also St. [[Aidan of Lindisfarne]] and others.  Many believe that the [[Book of Kells]] was produced on Iona at this time.  The monastery survived until the Protestant Reformation.
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In 563 St [[Columba of Iona]], exiled from his native Ireland, founded a [[monastery]] here, and from here Orthodox Christianity spread to the rest of Scotland.  Numerous martyrs and other saints were produced from Iona, including not only Columba but also St [[Aidan of Lindisfarne]] and others.  Many believe that the [[Book of Kells]] was produced on Iona at this time.  The monastery survived until the Protestant Reformation.
  
Iona also became the burial site for the kings of Dalriada and their successors, the early kings of Scotland.
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Iona also became the burial site for the kings of [[w:Dál Riata|Dál Riata]] and their successors.
  
==The Modern Era==
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==Modern era==
 
[[Image:Columba_Bay.jpg|left|thumb|300px|St. Columba's Bay, where the saint first landed on Iona]]
 
[[Image:Columba_Bay.jpg|left|thumb|300px|St. Columba's Bay, where the saint first landed on Iona]]
In 1938 the Church of Scotland Minister George MacLeod founded the Iona Community, an "ecumenical" Christian community of men and women from different walks of life and different traditions in the Christian church that is committed to seeking new ways of living the gospel of Jesus Christ in today's world. The Community, which has care of the abbey, despite its ecumenical scope, is primarily affiliated to the [[http://www.churchofscotland.org.uk/ Church of Scotland], to whose General Assembly it reports annually.
+
In 1938 the Church of Scotland Minister George MacLeod founded the Iona Community, an ecumenical Christian community of men and women from different walks of life and different traditions in the Christian church that is committed to seeking new ways of living the gospel of Jesus Christ in today's world. Despite its ecumenical scope, the Community is primarily affiliated with the [http://www.churchofscotland.org.uk/ Church of Scotland], to whose General Assembly it reports annually. It has care of the abbey.  
  
The community is doctrinally liberal, strongly committed to working for social justice and produces much contemporary Celtic Christian material through its[http://ionabooks.com/ Wild Goose] arm. Such material, however, is sometimes at wide variance with Orthodox Christianity (e.g. in its frequent avoidance of the Trinitarian name of Father, Son and Holy Spirit, and its replacement with economic descriptions of divine action, such as 'Creator, Redeemer, Sanctifier'). This said, the community is not tied up with any form of neo-pagan Celtic religion.  
+
The community is doctrinally liberal, strongly committed to working for social justice and produces much contemporary Celtic Christian material through its [http://ionabooks.com/ Wild Goose] arm. Such material, however, is sometimes at wide variance with Orthodox Christianity (e.g. in its frequent avoidance of the [[Holy Trinity|Trinitarian]] name of Father, Son and Holy Spirit, and its replacement with economic descriptions of divine action, such as 'Creator, Redeemer, Sanctifier'). This said, the community is not tied up with any form of neo-pagan Celtic religion.  
  
Iona Abbey is of particular historical and religious interest to pilgrims, and also of note is Iona Nunnery, a site of 13th century ruins and a colourful garden.  Iona is popular among visitors for its tranquility and natural beauty. It is often described by Iona community members as a 'thin' place, at which God is less hidden than in the city.  Its geographical features include the ''Bay at the Back of the Ocean'' and the ''Hill with His Back to Ireland'', said to be adjacent to the beach where St. Columba landed.
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Iona Abbey is of particular historical and religious interest to pilgrims, and also of note is Iona Nunnery, a site of 13th century ruins and a colourful garden.  Iona is popular among visitors for its tranquility and natural beauty. It is often described by Iona community members as a 'thin' place, at which God is less hidden than in the city.  Its geographical features include the ''Bay at the Back of the Ocean'' and the ''Hill with His Back to Ireland'', said to be adjacent to the beach where St Columba landed.
  
==Orthodoxy and Iona Today==
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==Friends of Orthodoxy on Iona==
 
[[Image:Martyrs_Bay.jpg|right|thumb|300px|Martyrs Bay, where 68 monks were massacred by Vikings in 806 A.D.]]
 
[[Image:Martyrs_Bay.jpg|right|thumb|300px|Martyrs Bay, where 68 monks were massacred by Vikings in 806 A.D.]]
In 1997, [[Friends of Orthodoxy on Iona]] was founded, being the 1400th anniversary of the repose of St. [[Columba of Iona]]. They are an informal group (mainly composed of Orthodox Christians but also welcoming Christians of other traditions) which organizes pilgrimages to Iona and related holy sites in the British Isles. Beyond Iona, however, it takes little interest in Scottish Orthodoxy more generally.
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In 1997, Friends of Orthodoxy on Iona was founded, being the 1400th anniversary of the repose of St Columba of Iona. They are an informal group of friends who go on pilgrimage together who are mainly Orthodox Christians from across the British Isles (but increasingly a growing proportion are from the USA, Canada, and European countries such as Germany, Russia and Greece).  
  
Their chairman is Bishop [[Kallistos (Ware) of Diokleia]], who often leads the pilgrimages, and they have counted among their patrons Metropolitan [[Anthony (Bloom) of Sourozh]] until his repose in 2003.
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The Friends have organised pilgrimages to Iona and other Columban sites in the British Isles such as Donegal (the birthplace of St Columba); Columban sites in Strathclyde; and to Holy Island (Lindisfarne) which had close links with Iona.  
  
== External Links ==
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The Chairman of the Friends is Metropolitan [[Kallistos (Ware) of Diokleia]] and the friends have the blessing of many of the ruling hierarchs.
*[http://www.orthodox-iona.co.uk/ Friends of Orthodoxy on Iona]
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==See also==
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* [[Abbot of Iona]]
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* [[Friends of Orthodoxy on Iona]]
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== External links ==
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*[http://www.orthodoxiona.com/ Friends of Orthodoxy on Iona]
 
*[http://www.cushnieent.force9.co.uk/CelticEra/celtic_abbsiona.htm Abbots of Iona]
 
*[http://www.cushnieent.force9.co.uk/CelticEra/celtic_abbsiona.htm Abbots of Iona]
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*[http://www.iona-orthodox-retreats.org.uk/ Orthodox Christian informal retreat weeks on Iona]
  
  
 
[[Category:British Monasteries]]
 
[[Category:British Monasteries]]
[[Category:Celtic and Anglo-Saxon Saints]]
 
 
[[Category:Church History]]
 
[[Category:Church History]]
 
[[Category:Monasteries]]
 
[[Category:Monasteries]]
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[[Category:Places]]
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[[Category:Saints of the British Isles]]
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[[ro:Iona (insula)]]

Latest revision as of 08:18, September 17, 2011

St. Martin's Cross (foreground) and St. John's Cross (background), two high crosses near Iona Abbey

Iona, population 175, is a small island (1 mile wide, 3.5 miles long) of the Inner Hebrides, Scotland, famous for the monastery founded by St Columba of Iona and as the centre of the Christianisation of Scotland.

Contents

History

In 563 St Columba of Iona, exiled from his native Ireland, founded a monastery here, and from here Orthodox Christianity spread to the rest of Scotland. Numerous martyrs and other saints were produced from Iona, including not only Columba but also St Aidan of Lindisfarne and others. Many believe that the Book of Kells was produced on Iona at this time. The monastery survived until the Protestant Reformation.

Iona also became the burial site for the kings of Dál Riata and their successors.

Modern era

St. Columba's Bay, where the saint first landed on Iona

In 1938 the Church of Scotland Minister George MacLeod founded the Iona Community, an ecumenical Christian community of men and women from different walks of life and different traditions in the Christian church that is committed to seeking new ways of living the gospel of Jesus Christ in today's world. Despite its ecumenical scope, the Community is primarily affiliated with the Church of Scotland, to whose General Assembly it reports annually. It has care of the abbey.

The community is doctrinally liberal, strongly committed to working for social justice and produces much contemporary Celtic Christian material through its Wild Goose arm. Such material, however, is sometimes at wide variance with Orthodox Christianity (e.g. in its frequent avoidance of the Trinitarian name of Father, Son and Holy Spirit, and its replacement with economic descriptions of divine action, such as 'Creator, Redeemer, Sanctifier'). This said, the community is not tied up with any form of neo-pagan Celtic religion.

Iona Abbey is of particular historical and religious interest to pilgrims, and also of note is Iona Nunnery, a site of 13th century ruins and a colourful garden. Iona is popular among visitors for its tranquility and natural beauty. It is often described by Iona community members as a 'thin' place, at which God is less hidden than in the city. Its geographical features include the Bay at the Back of the Ocean and the Hill with His Back to Ireland, said to be adjacent to the beach where St Columba landed.

Friends of Orthodoxy on Iona

Martyrs Bay, where 68 monks were massacred by Vikings in 806 A.D.

In 1997, Friends of Orthodoxy on Iona was founded, being the 1400th anniversary of the repose of St Columba of Iona. They are an informal group of friends who go on pilgrimage together who are mainly Orthodox Christians from across the British Isles (but increasingly a growing proportion are from the USA, Canada, and European countries such as Germany, Russia and Greece).

The Friends have organised pilgrimages to Iona and other Columban sites in the British Isles such as Donegal (the birthplace of St Columba); Columban sites in Strathclyde; and to Holy Island (Lindisfarne) which had close links with Iona.

The Chairman of the Friends is Metropolitan Kallistos (Ware) of Diokleia and the friends have the blessing of many of the ruling hierarchs.

See also

External links

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