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The Holy Prophet Hosea (Hebrew:הוֹשֵׁעַ, Hôšēă, Greek Ὠσηέ = Ōsēe) was the son of Beeri and a prophet in Israel in the eighth century before the birth of Christ. He is one of the Twelve Minor Prophets of the Old Testament. He was a contemporary of the Prophets Isaiah, Micah, and Amos.
Little is known about the life or social status of Hosea. According to the Book of Hosea, he married the prostitute Gomer, the daughter of Diblaim, at God's command. He was a member of the tribe of Issachar and lived in the Northern Kingdom of Israel during the period 740–725 BC. In Hosea 5:8 ff., there is a reference to the wars that led to the capture of the kingdom by the Assyrians (ca. 734–732 BC). It is not certain if he has also experienced the destruction of Samaria, which is foreseen in Hosea 14:1.
The Prophet Hosea strove to bring the many Israelites who had forgotten the true God of their forefathers back to the fold. He denounced the iniquities of the people of the northern kingdom of Israel, proclaiming to them the misfortunes they would suffer at the hands of invading foreigners. He foretold the end of the sacrificial offerings and the the priesthood of Aaron, Hosea 3:4-5. He prophesied about Christ, who would return from Egypt, (Hosea 11;1), would be resurrected on the third day, (Hosea 6:2), and would conquer death, (Hosea 1313-14).
Apolytikion in the Second Tone
As we celebrate the memory of Thy Prophet Hosea, O Lord,
through him we beseech Thee to save our souls.
Kontakion in the Plagal of the Fourth Tone
Initiated by divine illumination,
thou wast deemed worthy of the lofty gift of prophecy
and foretoldest of the promise of grace, O Prophet.
O Hosea, since thou dwellest in God's glory now,
do thou rescue from all manner of adversity us who cry to thee:
Rejoice, thou vessel of grace divine.