Holy Synod of Coptic Orthodox Church
The Holy Synod of the Coptic Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria is the highest authority in the Church of Alexandria and it formulates the rules and regulations regarding matters of church's organisation, faith, service's order.
The Synod is chaired by the Patriarch of Alexandria and the members are the Church's Metropolitans, Bishops, Chorbishops and the Patriarchal Vicar for Alexandria.
Seniority in the Synod
According to the Coptic Orthodox Church Traditions the Pope, being Bishop of Alexandria and being the Senior and Elder Bishop and the Metropolitan Archbishop of the Province and Primate of All Egypt, is the head of the Synod as a first among equals. The most senior position after the Pope was the Metropolitan of Pentapolis, but since its demise as a major Archiepiscopal Metropolis and now being held as a Titular See attached to another Diocese.
There is a special status of seniority of honor for the Metropolitan Archbishop of the Holy and Great City of Our Lord, Jerusalem, Holy Zion, Archbishop of the Holy Archdiocese of Jerusalem, All Palestine, Philadelphia of Jordan & All the Near East.
This great archdiocesan Metropolis is technically outside the Egyptian Province and was not originally counted within the jurisdiction of the Pope of Alexandria and it was created by Pope Cyril III (1235-1243) in the Thirteenth Century, which, at that time, had caused a dispute between the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria and the Syriac Orthodox Church of Antioch.. This was a very rare incident between the two sister churches as in general their relationship is one of the strongest between any two sister churches.  .
It is important to note that the Coptic Orthodox Metropolitan of Jerusalem is the only Coptic Orthodox Metropolitan who is consecrated as a Metropolitan Archbishop without being consecrated a bishop first then elevated to the Metropolitan rank later as is the norm in all episcopal consecration according to the tradition of the Church of Alexandria. This has been the case since Cyril III consecrated Metropolitan Basilius as the first Coptic Orthodox Metropolitan of Jerusalem and All the Near East.
Currently, and because of the fact that the seniority of the members is decided according to ranking rules depending on the Rank in the Church (Metropolitans first then Bishops (and Exarchs of the Throne), then Auxiliary Bishops, then General Bishops, then Chorbishops and according to the date of consecration, the most senior position after the Pope is the oldest consecrated Metropolitan of the Throne, who is now the Metropolitan of the Holy Metropolis of Asyut (Lycopolis), (Hieracon) and (Apollonopolis Parva) (Consecrated in 1946).
It is to be noted that the most senior Metropolitan in consecration is candidate to become the Locum tenens in case of the death of the Pope until the election of the new Pope, and will be the one who enthrones the newly elected Pope along with the entire body of the Holy Synod.
This seniority ranking system does not diminish the importance and the greatness of the Metropolis of Jerusalem and All the Near East. It is to be noted that the archiepiscopal status of this great metropolis is given due to the Holy Apostolic Throne that it represent, being the Apostolic Throne of Jerusalem, although its Metropolitan Archbishop does not claim that title and is under the jurisdiction of the Throne of Alexandria.
A Gallery of the Coptic Holy Synod of Egypt (All Coptic Bishops) (external link)
A Gallery of the Members of the Holy Synod of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria In order of date of consecration in Arabic and English (external link)
Chairman of The Synod
1) His Holiness Shenouda III (Senouthius III)
- Pope and Lord Archbishop of the Great and Holy Metropolis of Alexandria (Rhakotis), that is in Alexandria and the metropolitan province of Greater Cairo comprising:
- Elder and Chief Metropolitan Archbishop of the Egyptian Province
- Primate of all Egypt, Pentapolis, Libya, Nubia and the Sudan
- Patriarch of All Africa on the Holy Throne of St. Mark the Evangelist, the Holy Apostle and Martyr.
2) His Eminence Mikhail (Michael), Elder Metropolitan of the Holy Metropolis of Asyut (Lycopolis), (Hieracon) and (Apollonopolis Parva) & Abbot of the Monastery of Saint Macarius the Great, in Scetes, Lower Egypt.
3) His Eminence Abraham, Metropolitan of the Holy and Great City of Our Lord, Jerusalem, Holy Zion, Archbishop of the Holy Archdiocese of Jerusalem, All Palestine, Philadelphia of Jordan & All the Near East.
5) His Eminence Pachomius, Metropolitan of the Holy Metropolis of Beheira (Thmuis & Hermopolis Parva), (Buto), Mariout (Mareotis), Marsa Matruh (Paraetonium), (Apis), Patriarchal Exarch of the Ancient Metropolis of Libya: (Livis, Marmarica, Darnis & Tripolitania) & Titular Metropolitan Archbishop of the Great and Ancient Metropolis of Pentapolis: (Cyrenaica), (Appollonia), (Ptolemais), (Berenice) and (Arsinoe).
10) His Eminence Wissa (Besa), Metropolitan of the Holy Metropolis of Al Balyanna (Abydos), Berdis, Awlad Tookh & its jurisdictions.
12) His Grace Ammonius (Amon), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Luxor (Karnak), Esna & Armant and Edfu (Thebes, Apollonopolis Parva, Maximianopolis, Latopolis, Hermonthis, Eileithyiaspolis & Apollonopolis Magna) (Relieved from Eparchial Shepherding).
13) His Grace Benyamin (Benjamin), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Al Minufiyah (Prosopolis).
14) His Grace Pavnotius, Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Samallout & Taha El Aaameda.
19) His Grace Kyrillos (Cyril), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Nag Hammâdi & Abu Tesht.
20) His Grace Boula (Paul), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Tanta.
21) His Grace Morkos (Mark), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Shubra el-Kheima.
22) His Grace Ashe’yia (Isaiah), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Tahta & Guhena (Aphroditopolis & Hispis)
23) His Grace Fam, Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Tema.
25) His Grace Andrawos (Andrew), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Abu Tig, Sedfa & Ghanayem.
26) His Grace Missael, Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Birmingham, the Midlands and its Affiliated Regions, UK.
30) His Grace Lukas (Luke), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Abnoub & El Fatt’h.
33) His Grace Antonius (Anthony), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Manfalout.
36) His Grace Aghapius, Bishop the Holy Diocese of Deir Mouwas & Delga.
37) His Grace Thomas, Bishop of the Holy Diocese of El Quousseya & Mir.
42) His Grace Macarius, Bishop of the Eritrean Church in the USA. Member of the Eritrean Holy Synod.
43) His Grace Markos (Mark), Bishop of the Eritrean Church in the UK. Member of the Eritrean Holy Synod.
46) His Grace Sarapamon (Serapis Amon), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Atbara, Um Durman & All the North of the Sudan & Titular Bishop of the Great and Ancient Metropolis of Nubia: (Faras) of (Nobatia), (Dongola) of (Makuria) and (Soba) of (Alodia).
53) His Grace Georgios (George), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Matai and its jurisdictions.
54) His Grace Stephanos (Stephen), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Beba, Samasta & El Fashn.
59) His Grace Athanasius, Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Beni Mazar.
60) His Grace Aghathon, Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Maghagha & `Edwa.
70) His Grace Maximos (Maximus), Auxiliary Bishop for Dar El Salam (Irininoupolis) in Cairo, Assistant to His Holiness the Pope.
72) His Grace Timotheos (Timothy), Auxiliary Bishop for El Mataria, Ain Shams & Ezbet El Nakhl, Assistant to His Holiness the Pope.
73) His Grace Martyrus, Auxiliary Bishop for East of the Railroad District in Cairo, Assistant to His Holiness the Pope.
81) His Grace Sawiros (Severus), Bishop & Abbot of the Monastery of the Most Holy Virgin Mary known as Al Muharraq Monastery, Upper Egypt.
83) His Grace Basilius (Basil), Bishop & Abbot of the Monastery of Saint Samuel the Confessor, in El Qualamon Mountain, Upper Egypt.
84) His Grace Yustus (Justus), Bishop & Abbot of the Monastery of Saint Anthony the Great, in the Eastern Desert.
87) His Grace Mina, Bishop & Abbot of the Monastery of Saint George in El Khatatba, Central Egypt.
88) His Grace Daniel, Bishop & Abbot of the Monastery of Saint Paul the Anchorite, in the Eastern Desert.
89) His Grace Ruweis, General Bishop.
90) His Grace Apakir (Apa Cyrrhus), General Bishop.
91) His Grace Moussa (Moses), General Bishop, Administrator for the Bishopric of Youth Affairs.
92) His Grace Dioscorus, General Bishop, Administrator of the Patriarchal Print Shop.
93) His Grace Botros (Peter), General Bishop, Administrator of Aghapy TV Channel.
94) His Grace Youannes (John), General Bishop, Patriarchal Secretary at the Patriarchal Residence in Cairo.
95) His Grace Armiah (Jeremiah), General Bishop, Patriarchal Secretary at the Patriarchal Residence in Cairo.
96) His Grace Isaac, Chori-Episcopus.
97) The Very Reverend Hegumen Cheroubim the Pachomian, Grand Economos and Patriarchal Vicar in Alexandria.
99) His Grace (Vacant), Bishop of the Holy Diocese of Shebin El Quanater, Toukh & El Khanka.
100) His Grace (Vacant), Bishop & Abbot of the Monastery of Saint George in El Rozaiquat, Central Egypt.
- ↑ History of the Coptic Church, Iris Habib Elmasry
- ↑ History of the Coptic Orthodox Church, Abouna Menassa Elkomos Youhanna 1923
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