Hierotheus I of Alexandria

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'''Hierotheus I of Alexandria''', also '''Ierotheos I of Alexandria''', was the Patriarch of Alexandria of the [[Church of Alexandria]] from 1825 to 1845. He continued the work of his predecessors in re-organizing the Patriarchate of Alexandria in a friendly environment under Viceroy Mohammed Ali of Egypt.
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'''Hierotheus I of Alexandria''', also '''Ierotheos I of Alexandria''', was the Patriarch of Alexandria of the [[Church of Alexandria]] from 1825 to 1845. He continued the work of his predecessors in re-organizing the Patriarchate of Alexandria in a friendly environment under Viceroy Mohammed Ali of Egypt. The period of his Patriarchate was particularly significant for the Church of Alexandria.
  
 
==Life==
 
==Life==
Little is known of the life of Patr. Hierotheus before he became Patriarch of Alexandria. Hierotheus was elected [[patriarch]], in 1825, after Patr. [[Theophilus II (Pankostas) of Alexandria|Theophilus II]] was [[deposition|deposed]] by the Patriarchate of Constantinople for abandoning his [[see]]. The Patriarchate was acting under pressure from the [[Ottoman empire|Ottoman]] government during the Greek war of independence.
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Little is known of the early life of Patr. Hierotheus. He was born after the mid-eighteenth century in Larissa in Thessaly and was the ruling [[bishop]] in a number of [[see]]s before he became [[Patriarch]] of Alexandria. According to an inscription in the Church of St. Nicholas in Almyros, he was the bishop of Zitounio in 1802. In 1819, he was the Metropolitan of Paronaxia, and between 1820 and 1824 he was the Metropolitan of Nicaea.  
  
Patr. Hierotheus I led the [[Church of Alexandria]] during the rule of Mohammed Ali the Viceroy of Egypt who had established good relations with the Hellenic community of Egypt. Hierotheus, thus, continued the restoration and expansion of ecclesiastical properties in Egypt. In collaboration with Michael Tositsas, the Greek Consul and members of the Hellenic Community in Egypt, in 1842, Patr. Hierotheus sponsored the establishment of the Hellenic-Arabic School of Cairo. Also, among the many projects he pursued were the renovation of the [[Monastery]] of St. Savvas in Alexandria and the Church of St. Nicholas in Cairo. He also established a guest house to host the poor.  
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Hierotheus was elected [[patriarch]], in October 1825, possibly on October 14, after Patr. [[Theophilus II (Pankostas) of Alexandria|Theophilus II]] was [[deposition|deposed]] by the Patriarchate of Constantinople for abandoning his [[see]]. Theophilus had remained at his birth place, Patmos, from 1818 to 1825.  Patriarch Chrysanthus of Constantinople with Patriarch [[Polycarp I of Jerusalem|Polycarp]] of Jerusalem had acted to have the see occupied under pressure from the [[Ottoman empire|Ottoman]] government during the Greek war of independence.
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Patr. Hierotheus I led the [[Church of Alexandria]] during the rule of Mohammed Ali the Viceroy of Egypt who had established good relations with the Hellenic community of Egypt. Hierotheus, thus, continued the restoration and expansion of ecclesiastical properties in Egypt. He established Greek schools in Cairo and Alexandria. Also, in collaboration with Michael Tositsas, the Greek Consul and members of the Hellenic Community in Egypt, Patr. Hierotheus sponsored the establishment of the Hellenic-Arabic School of Cairo in 1842. Among the many projects he pursued were the renovation of the [[Monastery]] of St. Savvas in Alexandria and, with funds provided by Tsar Nicholas I of Russia, the Church of St. Nicholas in Cairo. He also established a guest house to host the poor.
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Patr. Hierotheos was also confronted with the activities of Uniate [[priest]]s in Syria, who since they wore Orthodox style clerical dress, led to misguidance of Syrian Christians. Through the initiative of Patr. Hierotheos, the Orthodox were able to get the sultan to issue a [[Ottoman Turk Documents|firman]] requiring the Uniate [[monk]]s to change their clothing.  
  
 
Patr. Hierotheus was also able to ransom and free many Christian captives from the Arabs.
 
Patr. Hierotheus was also able to ransom and free many Christian captives from the Arabs.
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Patr. Hierotheos I reposed on [[September 8]], 1845 and was buried with royal honors in the Church of St. Nicholas in Cairo by order of Muhammad Ali.
  
 
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{{succession|
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before=?|
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title=Bishop of Zitounio|
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years=1802?-1819|
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after=?}}
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{{succession|
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before=?|
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title=Metropolitan of Paronaxia|
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years=1819-1820|
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after=?}}
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{{succession|
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before=Gabriel|
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title=Metropolitan of Nicaea|
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years=1820-1825|
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after=?}}
 
{{succession|
 
{{succession|
 
before=[[Theophilus II (Pankostas) of Alexandria|Theophilus II]]|
 
before=[[Theophilus II (Pankostas) of Alexandria|Theophilus II]]|
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*[http://www.patriarchateofalexandria.com/index.php?module=content&cid=001003&id=189&lang=en  Ierotheos I (1825-1845)]
 
*[http://www.patriarchateofalexandria.com/index.php?module=content&cid=001003&id=189&lang=en  Ierotheos I (1825-1845)]
 
*[[Wikipedia:Patriarch_Hierotheus_I_of_Alexandria]]
 
*[[Wikipedia:Patriarch_Hierotheus_I_of_Alexandria]]
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*[http://asiaminor.ehw.gr/Forms/fLemmaBody.aspx?lemmaid=8954  Hierotheos of Alexandria]
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
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[[Category: Bishops]]
 
[[Category: Bishops]]
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[[Category: Bishops of Zitounio]]
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[[Category: Bishops of Paronaxia]]
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[[Category: Bishops of Nicaea]]
 
[[Category:19th-century bishops]]
 
[[Category:19th-century bishops]]
 
[[Category: Patriarchs of Alexandria]]
 
[[Category: Patriarchs of Alexandria]]

Revision as of 13:00, October 12, 2012

Hierotheus I of Alexandria, also Ierotheos I of Alexandria, was the Patriarch of Alexandria of the Church of Alexandria from 1825 to 1845. He continued the work of his predecessors in re-organizing the Patriarchate of Alexandria in a friendly environment under Viceroy Mohammed Ali of Egypt. The period of his Patriarchate was particularly significant for the Church of Alexandria.

Life

Little is known of the early life of Patr. Hierotheus. He was born after the mid-eighteenth century in Larissa in Thessaly and was the ruling bishop in a number of sees before he became Patriarch of Alexandria. According to an inscription in the Church of St. Nicholas in Almyros, he was the bishop of Zitounio in 1802. In 1819, he was the Metropolitan of Paronaxia, and between 1820 and 1824 he was the Metropolitan of Nicaea.

Hierotheus was elected patriarch, in October 1825, possibly on October 14, after Patr. Theophilus II was deposed by the Patriarchate of Constantinople for abandoning his see. Theophilus had remained at his birth place, Patmos, from 1818 to 1825. Patriarch Chrysanthus of Constantinople with Patriarch Polycarp of Jerusalem had acted to have the see occupied under pressure from the Ottoman government during the Greek war of independence.

Patr. Hierotheus I led the Church of Alexandria during the rule of Mohammed Ali the Viceroy of Egypt who had established good relations with the Hellenic community of Egypt. Hierotheus, thus, continued the restoration and expansion of ecclesiastical properties in Egypt. He established Greek schools in Cairo and Alexandria. Also, in collaboration with Michael Tositsas, the Greek Consul and members of the Hellenic Community in Egypt, Patr. Hierotheus sponsored the establishment of the Hellenic-Arabic School of Cairo in 1842. Among the many projects he pursued were the renovation of the Monastery of St. Savvas in Alexandria and, with funds provided by Tsar Nicholas I of Russia, the Church of St. Nicholas in Cairo. He also established a guest house to host the poor.

Patr. Hierotheos was also confronted with the activities of Uniate priests in Syria, who since they wore Orthodox style clerical dress, led to misguidance of Syrian Christians. Through the initiative of Patr. Hierotheos, the Orthodox were able to get the sultan to issue a firman requiring the Uniate monks to change their clothing.

Patr. Hierotheus was also able to ransom and free many Christian captives from the Arabs.

Patr. Hierotheos I reposed on September 8, 1845 and was buried with royal honors in the Church of St. Nicholas in Cairo by order of Muhammad Ali.

Succession box:
Hierotheus I of Alexandria
Preceded by:
?
Bishop of Zitounio
1802?-1819
Succeeded by:
?
Preceded by:
?
Metropolitan of Paronaxia
1819-1820
Succeeded by:
?
Preceded by:
Gabriel
Metropolitan of Nicaea
1820-1825
Succeeded by:
?
Preceded by:
Theophilus II
Patriarch of Alexandria
1825-1845
Succeeded by:
Artemius
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