Herman of Alaska

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[[Image:Herman of Alaska.jpg|right|frame|St. Herman of Alaska]]
 
[[Image:Herman of Alaska.jpg|right|frame|St. Herman of Alaska]]
Our venerable father '''Herman of Alaska''' (1756 - [[December 13]], 1837) is the first [[saint]] to be [[canonization|canonized]] by the [[Orthodox Church in America]].
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Our venerable father '''Herman of Alaska''' (1756 - [[December 13]], 1837) was an 18th century missionary to [[Alaska]].  He, in 1970, became the first [[saint]] to be [[Glorification|glorified]] by the [[Orthodox Church in America]], concurrent with parallel services in another location by the [[Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia]]. St. Herman is remembered by the Church on [[August 9]] and [[December 13]].
  
Herman of Alaska was a Russian Orthodox [[monk]] from [[Valaam Monastery]] in Russia, who traveled with eight other monks in 1793 to bring the [[Gospel]] to the native Aleuts and Eskimos in the Aleutian Islands.  As part of the Russian colonization of the Americas, Russians had been exploring and trading there since at least 1740.  Thus, he marks the first arrival of Orthodox Christian missionaries in North America.  He built a school for the Aleutians, and often defended them from the injustices and exploitation of the Russian traders.  He was known to them as ''Apa'' which means "Grandfather."  He lived most of his life as the sole resident of Spruce Island, a tiny wooded island near Kodiak Island.
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==Life==
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Herman of Alaska was a Russian Orthodox [[monk]] from [[Valaam Monastery]] in Russia who traveled with eight other monks in 1793 to bring the [[Gospel]] to the native Aleuts and Eskimos in the Aleutian Islands.  As part of the Russian colonization of the Americas, Russians had been exploring and trading there since at least 1740.  Thus, he marks the first arrival of Orthodox Christian missionaries in North America.  He built a school for the Aleutians, and he often defended them from the injustices and exploitation of the Russian traders.  He was known to them as ''Apa'' which means "Grandfather."  He lived most of his life as the sole resident of Spruce Island, a tiny wooded island near Kodiak Island.
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{{orthodoxyinamerica}}
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[[St. Herman's Orthodox Theological Seminary (Kodiak, Alaska)]] is named in his honor.  A portion of his [[relics]] are enshrined at the St. Ignatius Chapel at the [[Antiochian Village]], where he is regarded as one of their [[patron saint]]s.
  
[[St. Herman's Orthodox Theological Seminary (Kodiak, Alaska)]] is named in his honor.
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==Hymns==
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[[Troparion]] (Tone 7)
  
{{orthodoxyinamerica}}
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:Joyful North Star of the Church of Christ,
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:Guiding all people to the Heavenly Kingdom;
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:Teacher and apostle of the True Faith;
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:Intercessor and defender of the oppressed;
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:Adornment of the Orthodox Church in America:
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:Blessed Father Herman of Alaska,
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:Pray to our Lord Jesus Christ
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:For the salvation of our souls!
  
== External Links ==
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Troparion (Tone 4)
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:O blessed Father Herman of Alaska,
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:North star of Christ's holy Church,
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:The light of your holy life and great deeds
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:Guides those who follow the Orthodox way.
 +
:Together we lift high the Holy Cross
 +
:You planted firmly in America.
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:Let all behold and glorify Jesus Christ,
 +
:Singing his holy Resurrection.
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[[Kontakion]] (Tone 3)
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:The eternal light of Christ our Savior
 +
:guided you, blessed Father Herman,
 +
:on your evangelical journey to America
 +
:to proclaim the Gospel of peace.
 +
:Now you stand before the throne of glory;
 +
:intercede for your land and its people:
 +
:Peace for the world and salvation for our souls!
 +
 
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== External links ==
 
* [http://oca.org/FS.NA-Saint.asp?SID=4&Saint=Herman St. Herman of Alaska Wonderworker of All America]
 
* [http://oca.org/FS.NA-Saint.asp?SID=4&Saint=Herman St. Herman of Alaska Wonderworker of All America]
* [http://www.sthermans.ca/hermanbio.html Who Was St. Herman?]
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* [http://www.angelfire.com/nv2/carthusian/Akathist/herman.html St. Herman of Alaska]
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* [http://www.angelfire.com/nv2/carthusian/Akathist/herman.html St. Herman of Alaska] Life and [[Akathist]]
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* [http://dioceseofalaska.org/pdf/liturgical/StHermanAkathist-FullPage.pdf The Akathist Hymn to St. Herman of Alaska] (PDF)
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* [http://www.asna.ca/alaska/research/zhizn.pdf Life of Monk Herman of Valaam, American Missionary (Russian, 1894)] (PDF)
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* [http://www.fatheralexander.org/booklets/english/herman.htm Life of Monk Herman of Valaam, American Missionary (English translation of above, 1997)]
  
 
=== Icons ===
 
=== Icons ===
 
* [http://images.google.com/ Google Image Search] of St. [http://images.google.com/images?q=Herman%20of%20Alaska%20icon Herman of Alaska icons]
 
* [http://images.google.com/ Google Image Search] of St. [http://images.google.com/images?q=Herman%20of%20Alaska%20icon Herman of Alaska icons]
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* [http://www.comeandseeicons.com/h/cap38.htm Icon and Story of St. Herman of Valaam Wonderworker of Alaska]
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* [http://www.comeandseeicons.com/h/saintsh.htm#phm20 Several Wonderful Icons by American Iconographers]
  
  
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[[Category:Russian Saints]]
 
[[Category:Russian Saints]]
 
[[Category:Saints]]
 
[[Category:Saints]]
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[[Category:Modern Saints]]
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[[Category:Wonderworkers]]
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[[Category:19th-century saints]]
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[[ro:Gherman din Alaska]]

Latest revision as of 11:38, October 23, 2012

St. Herman of Alaska

Our venerable father Herman of Alaska (1756 - December 13, 1837) was an 18th century missionary to Alaska. He, in 1970, became the first saint to be glorified by the Orthodox Church in America, concurrent with parallel services in another location by the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia. St. Herman is remembered by the Church on August 9 and December 13.

Contents

Life

Herman of Alaska was a Russian Orthodox monk from Valaam Monastery in Russia who traveled with eight other monks in 1793 to bring the Gospel to the native Aleuts and Eskimos in the Aleutian Islands. As part of the Russian colonization of the Americas, Russians had been exploring and trading there since at least 1740. Thus, he marks the first arrival of Orthodox Christian missionaries in North America. He built a school for the Aleutians, and he often defended them from the injustices and exploitation of the Russian traders. He was known to them as Apa which means "Grandfather." He lived most of his life as the sole resident of Spruce Island, a tiny wooded island near Kodiak Island.

This article forms part of the series
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St. Herman's Orthodox Theological Seminary (Kodiak, Alaska) is named in his honor. A portion of his relics are enshrined at the St. Ignatius Chapel at the Antiochian Village, where he is regarded as one of their patron saints.

Hymns

Troparion (Tone 7)

Joyful North Star of the Church of Christ,
Guiding all people to the Heavenly Kingdom;
Teacher and apostle of the True Faith;
Intercessor and defender of the oppressed;
Adornment of the Orthodox Church in America:
Blessed Father Herman of Alaska,
Pray to our Lord Jesus Christ
For the salvation of our souls!

Troparion (Tone 4)

O blessed Father Herman of Alaska,
North star of Christ's holy Church,
The light of your holy life and great deeds
Guides those who follow the Orthodox way.
Together we lift high the Holy Cross
You planted firmly in America.
Let all behold and glorify Jesus Christ,
Singing his holy Resurrection.

Kontakion (Tone 3)

The eternal light of Christ our Savior
guided you, blessed Father Herman,
on your evangelical journey to America
to proclaim the Gospel of peace.
Now you stand before the throne of glory;
intercede for your land and its people:
Peace for the world and salvation for our souls!

External links

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