Help:Editing

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You may want to keep this page open in a separate browser window for reference. If you want to try out things without danger of doing any harm, you can do so in the [[OrthodoxWiki:Sandbox|Sandbox]].
 
You may want to keep this page open in a separate browser window for reference. If you want to try out things without danger of doing any harm, you can do so in the [[OrthodoxWiki:Sandbox|Sandbox]].
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=== Sections, paragraphs, lists and lines ===
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<table border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0">
 +
<tr>
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<th>What it looks like</th>
 +
<th>What you type</th>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
<td>
 +
Start your sections with header lines:
 +
 +
<!-- This is the original
 +
== New section ==
 +
=== Subsection ===
 +
==== Sub-subsection ====
 +
-->
 +
 +
<!-- next set
 +
<h2> New section </h2>
 +
<h3> Subsection </h3>
 +
<h4> Sub-subsection </h4>
 +
-->
 +
 +
<!-- This code prevents confusion in the section editing feature-->
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<b><font style="font-size:120%"> New section </font></b>
 +
 +
<b><font style="font-size:110%"> Subsection</font></b>
 +
 +
<b><font style="font-size:100%"> Sub-subsection</font></b>
 +
 +
</td>
 +
<td><pre><nowiki>
 +
 +
== New section ==
 +
 +
=== Subsection ===
 +
 +
==== Sub-subsection ====
 +
</nowiki></pre>
 +
</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
<td>
 +
[[en:newline|Newline]]:
 +
 +
A single
 +
newline
 +
has no
 +
effect on the
 +
layout.
 +
 +
But an empty line
 +
starts a new paragraph.
 +
 +
(<nowiki><p></nowiki> disables this paragraphing until <nowiki></p></nowiki> or the end  of the section)
 +
 +
(in Cologne Blue two newlines and a div tag give just one newline; in the order newline, div tag, newline, the result is two newlines)
 +
 +
</td>
 +
<td>
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<pre><nowiki>
 +
 +
A single
 +
newline
 +
has no
 +
effect on the
 +
layout.
 +
 +
But an empty line
 +
starts a new paragraph.</nowiki></pre>
 +
</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr valign="top"><td>You can break lines<br>
 +
without starting a new paragraph.<p>
 +
Sufficient as wikitext code is &lt;br&gt;, the XHTML code &lt;br /&gt; is not needed, the system produces this code.</p></td>
 +
<td><pre><nowiki>You can break lines<br>
 +
without starting a new paragraph.</nowiki></pre>
 +
</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
<td>
 +
* Lists are easy to do:
 +
** start every line with a star
 +
*** more stars means deeper levels
 +
*A newline
 +
*in a list 
 +
marks the end of the list.
 +
*Of course
 +
*you can
 +
*start again.
 +
 +
</td>
 +
<td><pre><nowiki>* Lists are easy to do:
 +
** start every line with a star
 +
*** more stars means deeper levels
 +
*A newline
 +
*in a list 
 +
marks the end of the list.
 +
*Of course
 +
*you can
 +
*start again.
 +
 +
</nowiki></pre>
 +
</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
<td>
 +
# Numbered lists are also good
 +
## very organized
 +
## easy to follow
 +
#A newline
 +
#in a list 
 +
marks the end of the list.
 +
#New numbering starts
 +
#with 1.
 +
 +
</td>
 +
<td><pre><nowiki># Numbered lists are also good
 +
## very organized
 +
## easy to follow
 +
#A newline
 +
#in a list 
 +
marks the end of the list.
 +
#New numbering starts
 +
#with 1.
 +
</nowiki></pre>
 +
</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
<td>
 +
* You can even do mixed lists
 +
*# and nest them
 +
*#* like this<br>or have newlines<br>inside lists
 +
</td>
 +
<td><pre><nowiki>* You can even do mixed lists
 +
*# and nest them
 +
*#* like this<br>or have newlines<br>inside lists</nowiki></pre>
 +
</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
<td>
 +
* You can also
 +
**break lines<br>inside lists<br>like this
 +
</td>
 +
<td><pre><nowiki>* You can also
 +
**break lines<br>inside lists<br>like this</nowiki></pre>
 +
</td>
 +
<tr>
 +
<td>
 +
; Definition list : list of definitions
 +
; item : the item's definition
 +
</td>
 +
<td><pre><nowiki>; Definition list : list
 +
of definitions
 +
; item : the item's definition</nowiki></pre>
 +
</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
<td>
 +
:A colon indents a line or paragraph.
 +
A manual newline starts a new paragraph.
 +
* This is primarily for displayed material, but is also used for discussion on [[Help:Talk page|Talk page]]s.
 +
</td>
 +
<td><pre><nowiki>: A colon indents a line or paragraph.
 +
A manual newline starts a new paragraph.
 +
</nowiki></pre>
 +
</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr valign=top>
 +
<td>
 +
<pre><nowiki>IF a line of plain text starts with a space THEN
 +
  it will be formatted exactly
 +
    as typed;
 +
  in a fixed-width font;
 +
  lines won't wrap;
 +
ENDIF
 +
this is useful for:
 +
  * pasting preformatted text;
 +
  * algorithm descriptions;
 +
  * program source code
 +
  * ASCII art;
 +
  * chemical structures;</nowiki></pre>
 +
 +
WARNING If you make it wide,
 +
you [[en:page widening|force the whole page to be wide]] and
 +
hence less readable. Never start ordinary lines with spaces.<br>
 +
<center>(see also below)</center>
 +
</td>
 +
<td><pre><nowiki> IF a line of plain text starts with a space THEN
 +
  it will be formatted exactly
 +
    as typed;
 +
  in a fixed-width font;
 +
  lines won't wrap;
 +
ENDIF
 +
this is useful for:
 +
  * pasting preformatted text;
 +
  * algorithm descriptions;
 +
  * program source code
 +
  * ASCII art;
 +
  * chemical structures;</nowiki></pre></td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr valign="top"><td><center>Centered text.</center>
 +
</td>
 +
<td><pre><nowiki><center>Centered text.</center></nowiki></pre>
 +
</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
<tr>
 +
<td>A [[en:horizontal dividing line|horizontal dividing line]]: above
 +
----
 +
 +
and below.
 +
 +
Mainly useful for separating threads on Talk pages.
 +
</td>
 +
<td><pre><nowiki>A horizontal dividing line: above
 +
----
 +
and below. </nowiki></pre>
 +
</td>
 +
</tr>
 +
</table>
 +
 +
Summarizing the effect of a single newline: no effect in general, but it ends a list item or indented part; thus changing some text into a list item, or indenting it, is more cumbersome if it contains newlines, they have to be removed; see also [[w:Wikipedia:Don't use line breaks]].

Revision as of 08:47, November 8, 2006

Contents

General

To edit a MediaWiki page, click on the "Edit this page" (or just "edit") link at one of its edges. This will bring you to a page with a text box containing the wikitext: the editable source code from which the server produces the webpage. For the special codes, see below.

After adding to or changing the wikitext it is useful to press "Preview", which produces the corresponding webpage in your browser but does not make it publicly available yet (not until you press "Save"). Errors in formatting, links, tables, etc., are often much easier to discover from the rendered page than from the raw wikitext.

If you are not satisfied you can make more changes and preview the page as many times as necessary. Then write a short edit summary in the small text field below the edit-box and when finished press "Save". Depending on your system, pressing the "Enter" key while the edit box is not active (i.e., there is no typing cursor in it) may have the same effect as pressing "Save".

You may find it more convenient to copy and paste the text first into your favorite text editor, edit and spell check it there, and then paste it back into your web browser to preview. This way, you can also keep a local backup copy of the pages you have edited. It also allows you to make changes offline, but before you submit your changes, please make sure nobody else has edited the page since you saved your local copy (by checking the page history), otherwise you may accidently revert someone else's edits. If someone has edited it since you copied the page, you'll have to merge their edits into your new version (you can find their specific edits by using the "diff" feature of the page history). These issues are handled automatically by the Mediawiki software if you edit the page online, retrieving and submitting the wikicode in the same text box.

See also MediaWiki architecture.

Dummy edit

If the wikitext is not changed no edit will be recorded and the edit summary is discarded.

A dummy edit is a change in wikitext that has no effect on the rendered page, such as changing the number of newlines at some position from 0 to 1 or from 2 to 3 or conversely (changing from 1 to 2 makes a difference, see below). This allows an edit summary, and is useful for correcting a previous edit summary, or an accidental marking of a previous edit as "minor" (see below). Also it is sometimes needed to refresh the cache of some item in the database, see e.g. A category tag in a template; caching problem.

Minor edits

When editing a page, a logged-in user has the option of flagging the edit as a "minor edit". This feature is important, because users can choose to hide minor edits in their view of the Recent Changes page, to keep the volume of edits down to a manageable level.

When to use this is somewhat a matter of personal preference. The rule of thumb is that an edit of a page that consists of spelling corrections, formatting, and minor rearranging of text should be flagged as a "minor edit". A major edit is basically something that makes the entry worth revisiting for somebody who wants to watch the article rather closely. So any "real" change, even if it is a single word, should be flagged as a "major edit".

The reason for not allowing a user who is not logged in to mark an edit as minor is that vandalism could then be marked as a minor edit, in which case it would stay unnoticed longer. This limitation is another reason to log in.

The wiki markup

In the left column of the table below, you can see what effects are possible. In the right column, you can see how those effects were achieved. In other words, to make text look like it looks in the left column, type it in the format you see in the right column.

You may want to keep this page open in a separate browser window for reference. If you want to try out things without danger of doing any harm, you can do so in the Sandbox.


Sections, paragraphs, lists and lines

What it looks like What you type

Start your sections with header lines:


New section

Subsection

Sub-subsection


== New section ==

=== Subsection ===

==== Sub-subsection ====

Newline:

A single newline has no effect on the layout.

But an empty line starts a new paragraph.

(<p> disables this paragraphing until </p> or the end of the section)

(in Cologne Blue two newlines and a div tag give just one newline; in the order newline, div tag, newline, the result is two newlines)


A single
newline
has no
effect on the
layout.

But an empty line
starts a new paragraph.
You can break lines
without starting a new paragraph.

Sufficient as wikitext code is <br>, the XHTML code <br /> is not needed, the system produces this code.

You can break lines<br>
without starting a new paragraph.
  • Lists are easy to do:
    • start every line with a star
      • more stars means deeper levels
  • A newline
  • in a list

marks the end of the list.

  • Of course
  • you can
  • start again.
* Lists are easy to do:
** start every line with a star
*** more stars means deeper levels
*A newline
*in a list  
marks the end of the list.
*Of course
*you can
*start again.

  1. Numbered lists are also good
    1. very organized
    2. easy to follow
  2. A newline
  3. in a list

marks the end of the list.

  1. New numbering starts
  2. with 1.
# Numbered lists are also good
## very organized
## easy to follow
#A newline
#in a list  
marks the end of the list.
#New numbering starts
#with 1.
  • You can even do mixed lists
    1. and nest them
      • like this
        or have newlines
        inside lists
* You can even do mixed lists
*# and nest them
*#* like this<br>or have newlines<br>inside lists
  • You can also
    • break lines
      inside lists
      like this
* You can also
**break lines<br>inside lists<br>like this
Definition list 
list of definitions
item 
the item's definition
; Definition list : list
of definitions
; item : the item's definition
A colon indents a line or paragraph.

A manual newline starts a new paragraph.

  • This is primarily for displayed material, but is also used for discussion on Talk pages.
: A colon indents a line or paragraph.
A manual newline starts a new paragraph.
IF a line of plain text starts with a space THEN
  it will be formatted exactly
    as typed;
  in a fixed-width font;
  lines won't wrap;
ENDIF
this is useful for:
  * pasting preformatted text;
  * algorithm descriptions;
  * program source code
  * ASCII art;
  * chemical structures;

WARNING If you make it wide, you force the whole page to be wide and hence less readable. Never start ordinary lines with spaces.

(see also below)
 IF a line of plain text starts with a space THEN
   it will be formatted exactly
     as typed;
   in a fixed-width font;
   lines won't wrap;
 ENDIF
 this is useful for:
   * pasting preformatted text;
   * algorithm descriptions;
   * program source code
   * ASCII art;
   * chemical structures;
Centered text.
<center>Centered text.</center>
A horizontal dividing line: above

and below.

Mainly useful for separating threads on Talk pages.

A horizontal dividing line: above
----
and below. 

Summarizing the effect of a single newline: no effect in general, but it ends a list item or indented part; thus changing some text into a list item, or indenting it, is more cumbersome if it contains newlines, they have to be removed; see also w:Wikipedia:Don't use line breaks.

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