Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Thyateira and Great Britain

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== History ==
 
== History ==
  
The first recorded organised Greek Orthodox community in Great Britain was established in 1670, by a group of 100 Greek refugees from Mani. The authorities granted permission to build a church in 1677, to the Archbishop of Samos, who had originally travelled to London to have one of his books published. The church was confiscated in 1684 and handed over to Huguenot refugees from France—much to the fury of the Greek archbishop, who wrote a furious pamphlet which critisised this move.
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The first recorded organised Greek Orthodox community in England was established in 1670, by a group of 100 Greek refugees from Mani. There were also theologians, students, coffee shop owners, traders and sailors. Their priest was Daniel Boulgaris, who also seems to have taken the initiative to gain permission from the Bishop of London, to build a permanent church for his growing flock. His efforts were boosted in 1676 by the arrival of the Archbishop of Samos, Joseph Georgerines, who had originally travelled to London to publish his ''Anthologion'', “for the use of the Eastern Greek Church
 
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During the next 150 years, the community had to worship in the Imperial Russian Embassy. Finally, in 1837, an autonomous community was set up in Finsbury Park in London. The first new church was built in 1850, on London Street in the City. In 1877, the Church of the Holy Wisdom was constructed in London, in order to cope with the growing influx of Orthodox immigrants to the United Kingdom. By the outbreak of the First World War, there were large Orthodox communities in London, Manchester, Cardiff and Liverpool, each focused on its own church.
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The issue of how these significant communities were to be governed was not resolved until 1922, when the [[Church of Constantinople|Ecumenical Patriarch]] Meletios Metaxakis created the [[Diocese]] of Thyateira—named after the famous See of Thyateira in Asia Minor. Based in London, this diocese had jurisdiction over all Western Europe.
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The Second World War and its aftermath saw a large expansion amongst the Orthodox Communities of Europe, necessitating the establishment of new dioceses in Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Sweden and Switzerland.
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== Current situation ==
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Today, there are over 100 Orthodox Communities in the United Kingdom. The Archdiocese comes under the authority of the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, who in turn has authority over four [[bishop]]s and hundreds of [[priest]]s and [[deacon]]s. As is traditional within the Orthodox Church, the bishops have a considerable degree of [[autonomy]] within the Archdiocese.
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==See also==
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*[[Kallistos (Ware) of Diokleia]]
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*[[Theodoritos (Polyzogopoulos) of Nazianzos]]
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==External links==
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*[http://www.nostos.com/church Greek Orthodox Church in Great Britain]
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*[http://orthodoxresearchinstitute.org/resources/hierarchs/constantinople/great_britain/current.htm#gregorios_arch_thyateira His Eminence Gregorios, Archbishop of Thyateira and Great Britain] from the Orthodox Research Institute
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[[Category:Dioceses]]
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[[Category:Jurisdictions]]
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Revision as of 07:40, February 9, 2006

The Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Thyateira and Great Britain is the body responsible for the Greek Orthodox Church in Great Britain, and is headquartered in London. The Archdiocese is currently headed by His Eminence Archbishop Gregorios of Thyateira and Great Britain.

History

The first recorded organised Greek Orthodox community in England was established in 1670, by a group of 100 Greek refugees from Mani. There were also theologians, students, coffee shop owners, traders and sailors. Their priest was Daniel Boulgaris, who also seems to have taken the initiative to gain permission from the Bishop of London, to build a permanent church for his growing flock. His efforts were boosted in 1676 by the arrival of the Archbishop of Samos, Joseph Georgerines, who had originally travelled to London to publish his Anthologion, “for the use of the Eastern Greek Church

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