Great Lavra (Athos)

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{{Athonitemonastery|
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LOL INTERNET
name=Holy Monastery of the Great Lavra|
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rank=First|
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type=[[Cenobitic]] Monastery|
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founded=by St Athanasios the Athonite|
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superior=''unknown''|
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size=''unknown''|
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location=Southeast|
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language=Greek|
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music=[[Byzantine chant]]|
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feasts=[[July 5|St. Athanasius the Athonite]]|
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}}
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[[Image:Koukouzelissa.jpg|thumb|left|Icon of [[Panagia Koukouzelissa]], Great Lavra]]
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The '''Monastery of the Great Lavra''' is located on the Athos Peninsula in northern Greece. The Great Lavra was founded in 963 by St. [[Athanasius of Athos|Athanasius the Athonite]]. It is ranked first in the hierarchical order of the [[Mount Athos]] monasteries located on the peninsula. It is considered the mother [[monastery]] of Mount Athos.
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==History==
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The Great Lavra was the earliest of the monasteries built on the Athos Peninsula. It was built by St. Athanasius with the financial support of the emperors in Constantinople including Nikephorus Phocas, Romonos II, and Ioannis Tzimikes. St. Athanasius is considered to be the founder of athonite monasticism.
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The monastery is built in the form of a small medieval town within a strong walled fortress with fifteen towers. There are 37 chapels associated with the Lavra. These are located both within and without the fortress walls. The central [[church]] within the Lavra, the [[Katholikon]], was among the first structures built starting in 963. It is a domed four-column church that was modified over time to a more [[cross|cruciform]] shape. The church was initially dedicated to the [[Annunciation]] of the Blessed [[Virgin Mary]], but was re-dedicated to St. Athanasius in the 15th century. His tomb is located in the [[chapel]] of the Forty Martyrs which is located next to the [[narthex]] of the Katholikon.
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==Treasury==
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The monastery is one of the richest on Mount Athos and houses considerable quantities of ecclesiastical plates, sacerdotal [[vestments]], and [[relics]] of numerous [[saint]]s. The Lavra also has the crown and sakkos of emperor Nikephorus Phocas. The Lavra contains a library of some 2,046 manuscripts; 165 codices; and 30,000 printed books.
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==Sketes==
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Attached to the Great Lavra are a number of sketes:
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*[[St. John the Baptist Skete (Athos)|St. John the Baptist Skete]], a Romanian skete
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*[[Kavsokalyvia Skete (Athos)|Kavsokalyvia Skete]]
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*[[St. Anne's Skete (Athos)|St. Anne's Skete]]
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*[[Little St. Anne's Skete (Athos)|Little St. Anne's Skete]]
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==External links==
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*[http://www.macedonian-heritage.gr/Athos/Monastery/great_lavra.html The Monastery of Great Lavra]
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*[http://www.hri.org/MPA/other/Agio_Oros/monasteries/megistis_lavras.html The Monasteries of Mount Athos: The Monastery of Great Lavra]
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*[http://www.chalkidiki.com/athos/great_lavra.html Great Lavra - Mount Athos]
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[[Category:Monasteries]]
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[[Category:Greek Monasteries]]
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[[Category:Athonite Monasteries]]
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[[fr:Monastère de la Grande Laure de l'Athos]]
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[[ro:Mănăstirea Marea Lavră (Muntele Athos)]]
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Revision as of 04:36, June 10, 2008

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