Golgotha

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(New page: '''Golgotha''' (Greek: ''Κρανιου-τοπος (Kraniou Topos)''; Latin: ''Calvariae Locus''; Aramaic: ''Gûlgaltâ'') is the place where Christ was crucified just outside Jerusalem. ...)
 
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'''Golgotha''' (Greek: ''Κρανιου-τοπος (Kraniou Topos)''; Latin: ''Calvariae Locus''; Aramaic: ''Gûlgaltâ'') is the place where Christ was crucified just outside Jerusalem.  
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'''Golgotha''' (Greek: ''Κρανιου-τοπος (Kraniou Topos)''; Latin: ''Calvariae Locus''; [[Aramaic]]: ''Gûlgaltâ''; [[Church Slavonic]]: ''паннихида, pannikhída'' - all denoting "place of the skull") is the place where [[Christ]] was crucified just outside the walls of old Jerusalem. '''Golgotha''' is also the name given to the representation of the crucified Jesus in the form of an [[icon]].  
  
It may have been originally a place of public executions where the skulls of the executed could be seen; or, perhaps the name may have been derived from a neighboring cemetery, or may have been really connected with the shape of the ground, a hill which may have resembled a skull. According to tradition, Golgotha was the burial place of Adam's skull.<ref>Rev. Dr. Nicon D. Patrinacos (M.A., D.Phil. (Oxon)). ''A Dictionary of Greek Orthodoxy - Λεξικον Ελληνικης Ορθοδοξιας''. Light & Life Publishing, Minnesota, 1984. pp.181</ref>
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==The place==
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The possible source of the word Golgotha has been attributed variously. The name "Golgotha" could have been adopted since, historically, this place may have originally been a place of public executions where the skulls of the executed could be seen or, perhaps the name may have been derived from a neighboring cemetery, or it may have been connected with the shape of the ground, a hill which may have resembled a skull. According to tradition, Golgotha was the burial place of Adam's skull <ref>Rev. Dr. Nicon D. Patrinacos (M.A., D.Phil. (Oxon)). ''A Dictionary of Greek Orthodoxy - Λεξικον Ελληνικης Ορθοδοξιας''. Light & Life Publishing, Minnesota, 1984. pp.181</ref> and a shrine exists at this site. The location was identified in 326 AD by Empress [[Helen]], the mother of [[Constantine the Great]]. It was on the northwest side of the ancient city.<ref>[http://www.gospel-mysteries.net/golgotha.html Golgotha]</ref>
  
The [[Church of the Holy Sepulchre (Jerusalem)|Church of the Holy Sepulchre]] rests on the ground that is venerated by many Christians as Golgotha, the Hill of Calvary, where the New Testament records that Jesus Christ was crucified.
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The [[Church of the Holy Sepulchre (Jerusalem)|Church of the Holy Sepulchre]] is built around the ground venerated by Orthodox and non-Orthodox Christians as "Golgotha" (known in the West as ''the Hill of Calvary'') which the [[New Testament]] records Jesus Christ was crucified {{citation|Good idea to add the Biblical reference when found}}.
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[[Image:GalgothaStNickDC.JPG|right|thumb|150px|Galgotha - St. Nicholas Cathedral, Washington, D.C.]]
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==The icon representation==
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In Orthodox Churches, a Golgotha is a large iconic representation depicting the crucified Jesus often with the [[Theotokos]] (Mother of God) and [[Apostle John|John the Beloved Disciple]] standing to either side of him. During the year, the icon is placed off to one side in the front of the [[nave]] of the church where [[Memorial Services|Pannikhidas]] will be chanted.
  
{{stub}}
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During [[Holy Week]] the Golgotha may be repositioned especially during the [[Matins]] of Great Friday.
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==References==
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<div class="small"><references/></div>
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
 
*[[Church of the Holy Sepulchre (Jerusalem)|Church of the Holy Sepulchre]]
 
*[[Church of the Holy Sepulchre (Jerusalem)|Church of the Holy Sepulchre]]
 
*[[Holy Land]]
 
*[[Holy Land]]
 
==External Links==
 
*[[w:Calvary|Calvary]] at Wikipedia.
 
 
==References==
 
<div class="small"><references/></div>
 
  
 
==Sources==
 
==Sources==
 
*Rev. Dr. Nicon D. Patrinacos (M.A., D.Phil. (Oxon)). ''A Dictionary of Greek Orthodoxy - Λεξικον Ελληνικης Ορθοδοξιας''. Light & Life Publishing, Minnesota, 1984.
 
*Rev. Dr. Nicon D. Patrinacos (M.A., D.Phil. (Oxon)). ''A Dictionary of Greek Orthodoxy - Λεξικον Ελληνικης Ορθοδοξιας''. Light & Life Publishing, Minnesota, 1984.
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*[[Wikipedia:Golgotha/]]
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==External Link==
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*[[Wikipedia:Calvary]]
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[[Category:Church History]]
 
[[Category:Church History]]
 
[[Category:Places]]
 
[[Category:Places]]
 
[[Category:Pilgrimage Sites]]
 
[[Category:Pilgrimage Sites]]
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[[ro:Golgota]]

Latest revision as of 15:20, June 6, 2012

Golgotha (Greek: Κρανιου-τοπος (Kraniou Topos); Latin: Calvariae Locus; Aramaic: Gûlgaltâ; Church Slavonic: паннихида, pannikhída - all denoting "place of the skull") is the place where Christ was crucified just outside the walls of old Jerusalem. Golgotha is also the name given to the representation of the crucified Jesus in the form of an icon.

Contents

The place

The possible source of the word Golgotha has been attributed variously. The name "Golgotha" could have been adopted since, historically, this place may have originally been a place of public executions where the skulls of the executed could be seen or, perhaps the name may have been derived from a neighboring cemetery, or it may have been connected with the shape of the ground, a hill which may have resembled a skull. According to tradition, Golgotha was the burial place of Adam's skull [1] and a shrine exists at this site. The location was identified in 326 AD by Empress Helen, the mother of Constantine the Great. It was on the northwest side of the ancient city.[2]

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre is built around the ground venerated by Orthodox and non-Orthodox Christians as "Golgotha" (known in the West as the Hill of Calvary) which the New Testament records Jesus Christ was crucified citation needed.

Galgotha - St. Nicholas Cathedral, Washington, D.C.

The icon representation

In Orthodox Churches, a Golgotha is a large iconic representation depicting the crucified Jesus often with the Theotokos (Mother of God) and John the Beloved Disciple standing to either side of him. During the year, the icon is placed off to one side in the front of the nave of the church where Pannikhidas will be chanted.

During Holy Week the Golgotha may be repositioned especially during the Matins of Great Friday.

References

  1. Rev. Dr. Nicon D. Patrinacos (M.A., D.Phil. (Oxon)). A Dictionary of Greek Orthodoxy - Λεξικον Ελληνικης Ορθοδοξιας. Light & Life Publishing, Minnesota, 1984. pp.181
  2. Golgotha

See also

Sources

  • Rev. Dr. Nicon D. Patrinacos (M.A., D.Phil. (Oxon)). A Dictionary of Greek Orthodoxy - Λεξικον Ελληνικης Ορθοδοξιας. Light & Life Publishing, Minnesota, 1984.
  • Wikipedia:Golgotha/

External Link

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