|This article forms part of the series on the |
The Old Testament - Septuagint
| or simply "LXX", the Koine Greek version|
of the Hebrew Bible.
|Pentateuch or "the Law"|
| 1.Genesis | 2.Exodus | 3.Leviticus | 4.Numbers | 5.Deuteronomy |
| 6.Joshua | 7.Judges | 8.Ruth |
9.I Kingdoms | 10.II Kingdoms | 11.III Kingdoms | 12.IV Kingdoms
|Books of Wisdom|
| 24.Book of Psalms | 25.Job | 26.Proverbs |
27.Ecclesiastes | 28.Song of Solomon
29.Wisdom of Solomon | 30.Wisdom of Sirach
| The Minor Prophets, or "The Twelve" |
| The Major Prophets |
| IV Maccabees |
The Book of Genesis, also known as the First Book of Moses, is the first book of the Old Testament and contains extremely old oral and written traditions of the people of Israel. The English title, Genesis, comes from the Greek translation (Septuagint, LXX) meaning "origins"; whereas, the Hebrew title is derived from the opening sentence of the book, translated "in the beginning". Tradition has it that this book was mostly written by the Prophet Moses 1,300 years before Christ. The influence of Genesis over all of Holy Scripture is demonstrated by it being quoted over 35 times in the New Testament and hundreds of allusions appearing in both Testaments. The story line of salvation begins in Genesis 3 and is not completed until Revelation 21 and 22, where the eternal kingdom of redeemed believers is illustrated.
Authorship and writing
The author does not identify himself in Genesis. However, both the Old Testament  and the New Testament  ascribe this composition to Moses  even though the context of the story ends almost three centuries before Moses he is even born. No compelling reasons have ever come forth to challenge this authorship.
Genesis was written after the Exodus (ca. 1445 B.C.) of the Israelite people, but before the death of Moses (ca. 1405 B.C.).
This is the book of "beginnings". It is widely accepted , that it contains the early history of man and of Israel and theological themes revealed by God Himself.
Genesis begins with the story of the creation of the world, the fall of Adam and Eve and the subsequent, quite sinful, history of the children of Adam. It tells of Noah and the great flood, the tower of Babel, and Abram and Melchizedek.
It then tells of God's call and promise of salvation to Abraham, and the story of Isaac and Jacob, whom God named Israel, ending with the settlement of the twelve tribes of Israel (the families of the twelve sons of Jacob) in Egypt, during the time of Joseph's favor with the Egyptian Pharaoh. In traditional Church language, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob are called the Patriarchs and are also Forefathers of Christ.
Purpose and Interpretation
Genesis is not treated as mere history, but as a source of spiritual wisdom, a book inspired by God himself. Out of all historical information available to Moses, he selected only what was related to the religious life of people. It most likely has been edited for this goal over time.
- See also, Genesis (Outline) for a more comprehensive article on the literary structure of this book.
By content this book is comprised of two sections; the first records four major events in the Early History of Man and the second four great men in the Early History of Israel:
- History of man (Gen. 1–11) and
- Creation (Gen. 1, 2);
- the Fall (Gen. 3–5);
- the Flood (Gen. 6–9); and
- the Dispersion (Gen. 10, 11).
- Patriarchal history (Gen. 12–50)
The literary structure is built around the recurring phrase "the history/genealogy of" and is the basis for the outline
- The Creation of Heaven and Earth (1:1–2:3)
- The Generations of the Heavens and the Earth (2:4–4:26)
- The Generations of Adam (5:1–6:8)
- The Generations of Noah (6:9–9:29)
- The Generations of Shem: Genealogy of Shem to Terah (11:10–26)
- The Generations of Terah (11:27–25:11)
- The Generations of Ishmael (25:12–18)
- The Generations of Esau (36:1–37:1)
- The Generations of Jacob (37:2–50:26)
At Vespers before the Nativity of the Theotokos, the reading is from 28:10-17, the story of Jacob's vision of a ladder which unites heaven and earth. This passage indicates the union of God with men which is realized most fully and perfectly, both spiritually and physically, in Mary the Theotokos, Bearer of God.
- ↑ LXX Septuagint—an ancient translation of the Old Testament into Greek
- ↑ For a brief biographical sketch of Moses also read Ex. 1–6
- ↑ Ex. 17:14; Num. 33:2; Josh. 8:31; 1 Kin. 2:3; 2 Kin. 14:6; Ezra 6:18; Neh. 13:1; Dan. 9:11, 13; Mal. 4:4)
- ↑ (Matt. 8:4; Mark 12:26; Luke 16:29; 24:27, 44; John 5:46; 7:22; Acts 15:1; Rom. 10:19; 1 Cor. 9:9; 2 Cor. 3:15)
- ↑ cf. Acts 7:22. Moses is favoured as the author in light of his educational background..
- ↑ Not just amongst the Orthodox church but other christian denominations and the Judaic faith.
- ro: Hexaimeron.ro - How to read Genesis - Ieromonah Serafim Rose
- Nine homilies delivered by St. Basil the Great on the cosmogony of the opening chapters of Genesis:
- In the Beginning God Made the Heaven and the Earth
- The Earth Was Invisible and Unfinished.
- On the Firmament.
- Upon the Gathering Together of the Waters.
- The Germination of the Earth.
- The Creation of Luminous Bodies.
- The Creation of Moving Creatures.
- The Creation of Fowl and Water Animals.
- The Creation of Terrestrial Animals.