Gabriel I of Pec

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Our Father among [[saints]] Gavrilo ('''Свети свештеномученик Гаврило српски''') was Serbian Patriarch (1648-1655). He was born in Stari Vlah region in noble family. He was Metropolitan of Smederevo until 1643. After this he is elected Metropoliten of Ras and Novi Pazar. He rebuilt Monastery of Saint Archangels near Kovilje mountine 1644. After Death of Patriarch Pajsije November 3/13, 1647 Gavrilo was elected Patriarch on Synod in Morača Monastery before [[Ascension]] 1648. He paid a large tribute same as others Patriarchs 100000 akchas. He visited Constantionople in order to gain protection for his flock. When he visited Stari Vlah he met russian nobleman Ivan Vasiljevič Šujski. He gone for Russia to ask for material support. He met Metropoliten of Trebinje Arsenije on Christmas Eve and they gone first in Valachia in Tergoviste to tray to recociliate Valachian price Mathew Besarab and Cosak Hetman Bogdan Hmeljnicki. He came in Russia 1654.  He brought two books for printing: ''"Lives of Serbian Emperors and Patriarchs"'' and ''"Typikon against Latin Heresy of Saint Nil Kabasilas"'' He was welcomed by Patriarch Nikon and Car Mihail. He also participed in famous Moscow Synod 1658 in wich Nikons, reform's were aproved. He wrote in Serbia to Metropolitans to elect New Patriarch.
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The holy, glorious and right-victorious [[Hieromartyr]] '''Gavrilo I of Pec''' (also ''Gabriel''; Serbian: '''Свети свештеномученик Гаврило српски''') was the Serbian [[patriarch]] from 1648 to 1655. His [[feast day]] is celebrated on [[December 13]].
He came back in Serbia 1659. He was acused by Turkish Governmant that he was responsible for Russo-Turkish War and sentenceted to embrace Islam. After St. Gavrilo refused he was sentenced death. He died in Bursa July 18, 1659. He is entred in list of Serbian Saints.
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His Feast is July 18 ( July 31 in Gregorian Calendar)
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==Life==
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Gavrilo was born in the Stari Vlah region into a noble family. Little of his early life is known.
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He was Metropolitan of Smederevo until 1643. After this, he was elected [[Metropolitan]] of Ras and Novi Pazar. He rebuilt the Monastery of the Holy [[Archangel|Archangels]] near the Kovilje Mountains in 1644. After the death of Patriarch [[Paisius I of Pec|Pajsije]] on [[November 3]]/[[November 13|13]], 1647, Gavrilo was elected patriarch by the [[synod]] at Morača Monastery before the feast of the [[Ascension]] in 1648. He paid a large tribute to the Turks, as had other patriarchs: 100,000 akchas (in theese times about 4000 pounds of sterling) . He visited Constantinople in order to gain protection for his flock.
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When he visited Stari Vlah, he met the Russian nobleman Ivan Vasiljevič Šujski. Patr. Gavrilo traveled to Russia to ask for material support. He met Metr. Arsenije of Trebinje on [[Nativity|Christmas]] Eve and went first to Valachia in Tergoviste to try to reconcile the Valachian Prince Matthew Besarab with the Cossack Hetman Bogdan Hmeljnicki. Patr. Gavrilo traveled again to Russia in 1654 and brought with him two books for printing: ''Lives of Serbian Emperors and Patriarchs'' and ''Typikon against Latin Heresy of Saint Nil Kabasilas''He was welcomed by Patr. [[Nikon of Moscow|Nikon]] and Tsar Michael Romanov. He also participated in the famous Moscow Synod in 1658 in which Nikon's reforms were approved. He wrote to Serbia for the metropolitans to elect a new patriarch.
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He returned to Serbia in 1659. On his return, he was accused by the Turkish government of being responsible for the Russo-Turkish War. Certain  Jews also accused him of having converted several Jews to the Christian Faith. In their accusation, the Jews cited that he was attempting to convert the Turks. The Jews did this to enrage the Turkish authorities even more. Brought before the tribunal, he was condemned sentenced and sentenced to embrace [[Islam]]. After Patr. Gabriel refused, he was sentenced to death. He died in Bursa on [[July 18]], 1659. [[Presbyter]] Pavle took his [[relics|remains]] and buried them.  He was entered on the list of Serbian [[saint]]s.
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{{start box}}
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{{succession|
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before=?|
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title=Metropolitan of Smederevo|
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years=?-1643|
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after=?}}
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{{succession|
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before=Maksim|
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title=Metropolitan of Ras and Novi Pazar|
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years=1643-1648|
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after=?}}
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{{succession|
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before=[[Paisius I of Pec|Pajsije]]|
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title=[[List of Patriarchs of Serbia|Patriarch of Serbia]]|
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years=1672-1690|
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after=St.[[Maximus I of Pec|Maksim]]}}
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{{end box}}
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[[Category:Bishops]]
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[[Category:17th-century bishops]]
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[[Category:Martyrs]]
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[[Category:Saints]]
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[[Category:Serbian Saints]]
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[[Category:Patriarchs of Serbia]]
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[[Category:17th-century saints]]

Latest revision as of 08:19, October 24, 2012

The holy, glorious and right-victorious Hieromartyr Gavrilo I of Pec (also Gabriel; Serbian: Свети свештеномученик Гаврило српски) was the Serbian patriarch from 1648 to 1655. His feast day is celebrated on December 13.

Life

Gavrilo was born in the Stari Vlah region into a noble family. Little of his early life is known.

He was Metropolitan of Smederevo until 1643. After this, he was elected Metropolitan of Ras and Novi Pazar. He rebuilt the Monastery of the Holy Archangels near the Kovilje Mountains in 1644. After the death of Patriarch Pajsije on November 3/13, 1647, Gavrilo was elected patriarch by the synod at Morača Monastery before the feast of the Ascension in 1648. He paid a large tribute to the Turks, as had other patriarchs: 100,000 akchas (in theese times about 4000 pounds of sterling) . He visited Constantinople in order to gain protection for his flock.

When he visited Stari Vlah, he met the Russian nobleman Ivan Vasiljevič Šujski. Patr. Gavrilo traveled to Russia to ask for material support. He met Metr. Arsenije of Trebinje on Christmas Eve and went first to Valachia in Tergoviste to try to reconcile the Valachian Prince Matthew Besarab with the Cossack Hetman Bogdan Hmeljnicki. Patr. Gavrilo traveled again to Russia in 1654 and brought with him two books for printing: Lives of Serbian Emperors and Patriarchs and Typikon against Latin Heresy of Saint Nil Kabasilas. He was welcomed by Patr. Nikon and Tsar Michael Romanov. He also participated in the famous Moscow Synod in 1658 in which Nikon's reforms were approved. He wrote to Serbia for the metropolitans to elect a new patriarch.

He returned to Serbia in 1659. On his return, he was accused by the Turkish government of being responsible for the Russo-Turkish War. Certain Jews also accused him of having converted several Jews to the Christian Faith. In their accusation, the Jews cited that he was attempting to convert the Turks. The Jews did this to enrage the Turkish authorities even more. Brought before the tribunal, he was condemned sentenced and sentenced to embrace Islam. After Patr. Gabriel refused, he was sentenced to death. He died in Bursa on July 18, 1659. Presbyter Pavle took his remains and buried them. He was entered on the list of Serbian saints.


Succession box:
Gabriel I of Pec
Preceded by:
?
Metropolitan of Smederevo
?-1643
Succeeded by:
?
Preceded by:
Maksim
Metropolitan of Ras and Novi Pazar
1643-1648
Succeeded by:
?
Preceded by:
Pajsije
Patriarch of Serbia
1672-1690
Succeeded by:
St.Maksim
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