Flavian I of Antioch

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Revision as of 08:44, February 25, 2012

Our father among the saints Flavian I of Antioch was a Bishop of Antioch during the last two decades of the fourth century. Elected bishop during the era of the Meletian schism of concurrent sitting bishops in Antioch, Flavian became the sole legitimate bishop of Antioch although the schism was not healed until after his repose. His feast day is September 27.

Life

Flavian was born about the year 320, probably in Antioch. Although he had inherited wealth, Flavian resolved to devote his wealth, in addition to his talents, to the service of Christ's church. He was a defender of the orthodox faith against Arianism. In 361, Flavian was ordained a priest by Meletius, a Semi-Arian who later had accepted the Nicene creed and attended the Second Ecumenical Council in Constantinople. After the repose of Meletius in 381, Flavian was chosen to succeed him.

A schism of the Nicene creed party developed between the followers of Eustathius and those of Meletius after Meletius was appointed the successor to Eustathius after his death. Meletius' election was not recognized by the bishops of Rome and Alexandria while Paulinus and, subsequently, Evagrius were recognized by them as the successors to Eustathius. After Evagrius died in 393, Flavian was able to forestall the election of a successor to Evagrius. The Eustathians, however, continued to hold their services separately. After John Chrysostom was named Bishop of Constantinople in 398, he, with the influence of emperor Theodosius I, was able to obtain acknowledgment of Flavian as the legitimate bishop of Antioch. The schism, however, was not healed until 415, over ten years after Flavian's death in February 404.

Succession box:
Flavian I of Antioch
Preceded by:
Meletius
Bishop of Antioch
381-404
Succeeded by:
Porphyrus
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