Feast day

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A '''feast day''' (or festival) is the date a [[saint]], a holy event, or a holy object is commemorated in the liturgical life of the [[Orthodox Church]].  A feast day is primarily celebrated through the hymnography of the Church's divine services appointed to be celebrated on such day.
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A '''feast day''' (or festival) is the date a [[saint]], a holy event, or a holy object is commemorated in the liturgical life of the [[Orthodox Church]].  A feast day is primarily celebrated through the hymnography of the Church's divine services appointed to be celebrated on such day.  Sometimes the feast day commemoration involves a day of strict fasting.  
  
 
The Orthodox Church commemorates certain saints or sacred events in its history every day of the year.  The feast day of a saint is generally the date of his or her death.
 
The Orthodox Church commemorates certain saints or sacred events in its history every day of the year.  The feast day of a saint is generally the date of his or her death.
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The feasts of the Orthodox Church, as with the canonization of saints, always comes from the living devotion of the Christian people. Feast days of the Church are not "institutions" which are legislated by some ecclesiastical authority apart from the interest and consent of the people.  If there were no popular interest and veneration of a certain holy person, there would be no official canonization and no liturgical festival established in their honor.
 
The feasts of the Orthodox Church, as with the canonization of saints, always comes from the living devotion of the Christian people. Feast days of the Church are not "institutions" which are legislated by some ecclesiastical authority apart from the interest and consent of the people.  If there were no popular interest and veneration of a certain holy person, there would be no official canonization and no liturgical festival established in their honor.
  
However, if a someone is recognized as a saint, the Church hierarchy will set the day of the feast and will compose the proper liturgical service and hymns to be used in the celebration.  But the celebration will then depend solely upon the will of the faithful.  Once established, the feast could only disappear organically, in a way similar to its appearance. It could not be "disestablished" by the decree of any church authority, only by lack of interest.
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However, if a someone is recognized as a saint, the Church hierarchy will set the day of the feast and will compose the proper liturgical service and hymns to be used in the celebration.  But the celebration will then depend solely upon the will of the faithful.  Once established, the feast could only disappear organically, in a way similar to its appearance. It could not be "disestablished" by the decree of any church authority, only by lack of practice.
  
 
==Entire Orthodox Church==
 
==Entire Orthodox Church==
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Universally celebrated by all the Orthodox are the feasts of Saint [[John the Baptist]].   
 
Universally celebrated by all the Orthodox are the feasts of Saint [[John the Baptist]].   
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Also, [[Circumcision of our Lord|The Circumcision of Christ]] [[January 1]], [[Three Holy Hierarchs|The Three Great Hierarchs]] [[January 30]], [[Protection of the Mother of God|The Protecting Veil of the Mother of God]] [[October 1]], and [[Pentecostarion#Sunday_of_All_Saints|All Saints]] the First Sunday after Pentecost.
  
The feast days of each of the [[apostles]] are also celebrated by the entire Orthodox Church, above all, the Feast of Saints Peter and Paul.  
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The feast days of each of the [[apostles]] are also celebrated by the entire Orthodox Church, above all, the Feast of Saints [[Apostle Peter|Peter]] and [[Apostle Paul|Paul]], [[June 29]].  
  
 
Among the feast days of other saints universally celebrated by all the Orthodox are:
 
Among the feast days of other saints universally celebrated by all the Orthodox are:
*Saint Nicholas
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*[[Nicholas of Myra|Saint Nicholas]], [[December 6]]
*Saint George
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*[[George the Trophy-bearer|Saint George]], [[April 23]]
*Prophet Elias
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*[[Elias|Prophet Elias]], [[July 20]]
*Archangel Michael
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*[[Archangel Michael]], [[November 8]]
*Saint Basil the Great
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*[[Basil the Great|Saint Basil the Great]], [[January 1]]
*Saint John Chrysostom
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*[[John Chrysostom|Saint John Chrysostom]], [[November 13]]
* Saint Gregory the Theologian
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*[[Gregory the Theologian|Saint Gregory the Theologian]], [[January 25]]
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==Orthodox Churches==
 
==Orthodox Churches==
 
Some feast days are celebrated locally by churches in particular regions, such as:
 
Some feast days are celebrated locally by churches in particular regions, such as:
*In the Greek Church:
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*In the [[:Category:Greek Saints|Greek]] Church:
** Saint Spiridon   
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** [[Spyridon of Trimythous|Saint Spiridon]], [[December 12]]  
** Saint Demetrios,  
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** [[Demetrios of Thessaloniki|Saint Demetrios]], [[October 26]]
** Saint Nektarios,  
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** [[Nectarios of Aegina|Saint Nektarios]], [[November 9]]
*In the Russian Church:
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*In the [[:Category:Russian Saints|Russian]] Church:
** Saint Sergius
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** [[Sergius of Radonezh|Saint Sergius]], [[September 25]]
** Saint Seraphim,  
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** [[Seraphim of Sarov|Saint Seraphim]], [[January 2]]
** Saint Tikhon  
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** [[Tikhon of Zadonsk|Saint Tikhon]], [[August 13]]
 
** Saint Vladimir
 
** Saint Vladimir
*In the American Church:
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*In the [[:Category:American Saints|American]] Church:
** Saint Herman  
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** [[Herman of Alaska|Saint Herman]], [[December 13]]
 
==Local feast days==
 
==Local feast days==
 
Certain cities or monasteries have liturgical celebrations of holy persons, events, or icons appropriate to their own particular needs. Although a feast day may be very local, it is still a feast of the entire Church.
 
Certain cities or monasteries have liturgical celebrations of holy persons, events, or icons appropriate to their own particular needs. Although a feast day may be very local, it is still a feast of the entire Church.
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[[Category:Liturgics]]
 
[[Category:Liturgics]]
 
[[Category:Saints]]
 
[[Category:Saints]]
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[[ro:Praznic]]

Latest revision as of 07:28, May 16, 2010

A feast day (or festival) is the date a saint, a holy event, or a holy object is commemorated in the liturgical life of the Orthodox Church. A feast day is primarily celebrated through the hymnography of the Church's divine services appointed to be celebrated on such day. Sometimes the feast day commemoration involves a day of strict fasting.

The Orthodox Church commemorates certain saints or sacred events in its history every day of the year. The feast day of a saint is generally the date of his or her death.

Contents

[edit] Feasts of the Orthodox Church

The feasts of the Orthodox Church, as with the canonization of saints, always comes from the living devotion of the Christian people. Feast days of the Church are not "institutions" which are legislated by some ecclesiastical authority apart from the interest and consent of the people. If there were no popular interest and veneration of a certain holy person, there would be no official canonization and no liturgical festival established in their honor.

However, if a someone is recognized as a saint, the Church hierarchy will set the day of the feast and will compose the proper liturgical service and hymns to be used in the celebration. But the celebration will then depend solely upon the will of the faithful. Once established, the feast could only disappear organically, in a way similar to its appearance. It could not be "disestablished" by the decree of any church authority, only by lack of practice.

[edit] Entire Orthodox Church

As a whole, the Church celebrates the Twelve Great Feasts Days and a number of other feast days with special liturgical and spiritual solemnity. Some preceded by prescribed fasting periods.

Universally celebrated by all the Orthodox are the feasts of Saint John the Baptist. Also, The Circumcision of Christ January 1, The Three Great Hierarchs January 30, The Protecting Veil of the Mother of God October 1, and All Saints the First Sunday after Pentecost.

The feast days of each of the apostles are also celebrated by the entire Orthodox Church, above all, the Feast of Saints Peter and Paul, June 29.

Among the feast days of other saints universally celebrated by all the Orthodox are:

[edit] Orthodox Churches

Some feast days are celebrated locally by churches in particular regions, such as:

[edit] Local feast days

Certain cities or monasteries have liturgical celebrations of holy persons, events, or icons appropriate to their own particular needs. Although a feast day may be very local, it is still a feast of the entire Church.

[edit] See also

[edit] External links

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