Eulogius (Georgievsky) of Paris

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Metropolitan '''Eulogius (Georgievsky) of Paris''' (also rendered ''Evlogy'', ''Euloge'', and ''Eulogios'') was a bishop of the Russian Orthodox diaspora during the tragic transition brought upon by the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917.  
 
Metropolitan '''Eulogius (Georgievsky) of Paris''' (also rendered ''Evlogy'', ''Euloge'', and ''Eulogios'') was a bishop of the Russian Orthodox diaspora during the tragic transition brought upon by the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917.  
  
Under his leadership, the [[Russian Orthodox Exarchate in Western Europe]] was established. During most of his [[episcopate]], he served under the omophorion of the [[Ecumenical Patriarch]]. However, because he decided, along with the Metropolia (subsequently the [[Orthodox Church in America]]), to pursue autonomy from Moscow independently of the [[Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia|Karlovtsy Synod]] (ROCOR), his legacy is viewed as good or bad depending upon which jurisdiction is speaking. He was influential in founding the [[St. Sergius Orthodox Theological Institute (Paris, France)]], which in turn was formative in the life of the [[Orthodox Church in America]] and the founding of [[St. Vladimir's Orthodox Theological Seminary (Crestwood, New York)]]. Spiritually, one may count among his descendants Metropolitan [[Anthony Bloom]], Protopresbyters [[Alexander Schmemann]], [[Georges Florovsky]], and [[John Meyendorff]], Saint [[Maria Skobtsova|Mary Skobtsova]].
+
==Life==
 +
Metr. Eulogius was born Vasily Semenovich Georgievsky on [[April 10]], 1868. He was the Bishop of Kholm in 1907 when he [[tonsure]]d [[Sergius II (Korolev) of Kazan|Arkady Dimitrievich Korolev]] a [[monk]] with the name Sergius.  
  
Metropolitan Eulogius was appointed by [[Tikhon of Moscow| Patriarch Tikhon]] in 1921 as the representative of the Patriarchate of Moscow in Western Europe. He sat in with the bishops of Karlovtsy Synod at this time.
+
Under his leadership, the [[Russian Orthodox Exarchate in Western Europe]] was established. During most of his [[episcopate]], he served under the [[omophorion]] of the [[Ecumenical Patriarch]]. However, because he decided, along with the Metropolia (subsequently the [[Orthodox Church in America]]), to pursue autonomy from Moscow independent of the [[Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia|Karlovtsy Synod]] (ROCOR), his legacy is viewed as good or bad depending upon which [[jurisdiction]] is speaking. He was influential in founding the [[St. Sergius Orthodox Theological Institute (Paris, France)]], which in turn was formative in the life of the [[Orthodox Church in America]] and the founding of [[St. Vladimir's Orthodox Theological Seminary (Crestwood, New York)]]. Spiritually, one may count among his descendants Metropolitan [[Anthony Bloom]], Protopresbyters [[Alexander Schmemann]], [[Georges Florovsky]] and [[John Meyendorff]], and Saint [[Maria Skobtsova|Mary Skobtsova]].
  
In 1927 Eulogius broke with the Karlovtsy Synod and was subsequently condemned by them, splitting the Russian emigrant community in Western Europe. But Metropolitan Eulogius’s feeling was that because he was appointed the Moscow Patriarch to his position,  that he and his flock were not in the same situation as the refugees of the Karlovtsy Synod.   
+
Metropolitan Eulogius was appointed by [[Tikhon of Moscow| Patriarch Tikhon]] in 1921 as the representative of the Patriarchate of Moscow in Western Europe. He sat in with the [[bishop]]s of the Karlovtsy Synod at the time.   
  
In 1930, after taking part in a prayer service in London in supplication for Christians suffering under the Soviets, Eulogius was removed from office by Metr. [[Sergius I (Stragorodsky) of Moscow|Sergius (Stragorodsky)]], then [[locum tenens]] of the Patriarchate of Moscow and replaced. Most of Eulogius’s parishes remained loyal to him, however, as they were generally against the Soviet government. Eulogius then petitioned Ecumenical Patriarch Photius II to be received under his canonical care and was received in 1931, becoming an exarchate of the Ecumenical Patriarchate.
+
In 1927, Eulogius broke with the Karlovtsy Synod and was subsequently condemned by them, splitting the Russian emigrant community in Western Europe. But Metropolitan Eulogius’ feeling was that because he was appointed by the Moscow Patriarch to his position, he and his flock were not in the same situation as the refugees of the Karlovtsy Synod.
  
About a year before his death in 1946, the Metropolitan Eulogius returned with all his parishes to the Russian Orthodox Church and again became exarch of the Moscow patriarchate. However, after his death, Metropolitan [[Seraphin (Loukianov)]] was appointed the new exarch of the Moscow Patriarchate. A large number of parishes, contesting Archbishop Seraphin, again broke from the mother Church. These parishes have become the current exarchate of the Russian parishes in Western Europe of the Patriarchate of Constantinople.
+
In 1930, after taking part in a prayer service in London in supplication for Christians suffering under the Soviets, Eulogius was removed from office by Metr. [[Sergius I (Stragorodsky) of Moscow|Sergius (Stragorodsky)]], then [[locum tenens]] of the Patriarchate of Moscow and replaced. Most of Eulogius’ [[parish]]es remained loyal to him, as they were generally against the Soviet government. Eulogius then petitioned Ecumenical Patriarch [[Photius II (Maniatis) of Constantinople|Photius II]] to be received under his canonical care. He and his community were received in 1931, as an exarchate of the Ecumenical Patriarchate.
 +
 
 +
About a year before his death on [[August 8]], 1946, Metropolitan Eulogius returned with all his parishes to the Russian Orthodox Church and again became an exarch of the Moscow patriarchate. However, after his death, Metropolitan [[Seraphim (Lukyanov) of Western Europe|Seraphim (Loukianov)]] was appointed the new exarch by the Moscow Patriarchate. A large number of parishes, contesting Archbishop Seraphim, again broke from the mother Church. These parishes have become the current exarchate of the Russian parishes in Western Europe of the Patriarchate of Constantinople.
  
 
==Sources==
 
==Sources==
 
* ''The Russian Church Under the Soviet Regime, 1917-1982'' - By [[Dimitry Pospielovsky]] (1984) [http://www.svspress.com/ SVP] ISBN 0881410330  
 
* ''The Russian Church Under the Soviet Regime, 1917-1982'' - By [[Dimitry Pospielovsky]] (1984) [http://www.svspress.com/ SVP] ISBN 0881410330  
 
*[http://www.egliserusse.eu/Quelques-mots-sur-le-diocese-de-Chersonese_a15.html Quelques mots sur le diocèse de Chersonèse] -  A few words about the Diocese of Chersonese (French)
 
*[http://www.egliserusse.eu/Quelques-mots-sur-le-diocese-de-Chersonese_a15.html Quelques mots sur le diocèse de Chersonèse] -  A few words about the Diocese of Chersonese (French)
 +
*[http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Who_was_sergei_korolev  Answers: Archbishop Sergey (Arkadi Dimitrievich Korolev) of Kazan & Chistopol]
  
 
==External link==
 
==External link==
 
*[http://www.schmemann.org/byhim/threemets.html Three Metropolitans] - By Protopresbyter [[Alexander Schmemann]]
 
*[http://www.schmemann.org/byhim/threemets.html Three Metropolitans] - By Protopresbyter [[Alexander Schmemann]]
 
  
 
{{start box}}
 
{{start box}}
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{{succession|
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before= Dionysius (Balaban)|
 +
title= Bishop of Kholm and Lyublun|
 +
years=1905-1914|
 +
after = [[Anastasy (Gribanovsky) of Kishinev|Anastasius (Gribanovsky)]]}}
 
{{succession|
 
{{succession|
 
before=?|
 
before=?|
 
title= Bishop of Vilnius<br>(Moscow Exarchate of Western Europe) |
 
title= Bishop of Vilnius<br>(Moscow Exarchate of Western Europe) |
 
years=1921-1930|
 
years=1921-1930|
after=[[Eleutherius (Bogoïavlenski)| Eleutherius]]}}
+
after=[[Eleutherius (Bogoyavlensky)]]}}
 
{{succession|
 
{{succession|
 
before=?|
 
before=?|
 
title=[[Russian Orthodox Exarchate in Western Europe|Archbishop of the Russian Orthodox Exarchate in Western Europe]]|
 
title=[[Russian Orthodox Exarchate in Western Europe|Archbishop of the Russian Orthodox Exarchate in Western Europe]]|
 
years=1931-1945|
 
years=1931-1945|
after=[[Vladimir (Tikhonitskii) of Paris|Vladimir]]}}
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after=[[Vladimir (Tikhonitsky) of Paris|Vladimir (Tikhonitsky)]]}}
 
{{succession|
 
{{succession|
before=?|
+
before=[[Eleutherius (Bogoyavlensky)]]|
 
title=Metropolitan of Paris<br>[[Russian Orthodox Diocese of Chersonese|Exarch of Western Europe (Moscow)]]|
 
title=Metropolitan of Paris<br>[[Russian Orthodox Diocese of Chersonese|Exarch of Western Europe (Moscow)]]|
 
years=1945-1946|
 
years=1945-1946|
after=[[Seraphin (Loukianov) of Paris|Seraphin]] }}
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after=[[Seraphim (Lukyanov) of Western Europe|Seraphim (Lukyanov)]] }}
 
{{end box}}
 
{{end box}}
 
  
 
[[Category:Bishops]]
 
[[Category:Bishops]]
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[[Category:20th-century bishops]]
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[[Category:Bishops of Paris]]
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[[Category:Bishops of Vilnius]]
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[[Category:Bishops of Kholm]]
 
[[Category:Orthodoxy in Western Europe]]
 
[[Category:Orthodoxy in Western Europe]]
 
[[Category:Orthodoxy in France]]
 
[[Category:Orthodoxy in France]]
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 +
[[pt:Eulógio (Georgievsky) de Paris]]

Latest revision as of 22:14, July 5, 2013

Metropolitan Eulogius (Georgievsky) of Paris (also rendered Evlogy, Euloge, and Eulogios) was a bishop of the Russian Orthodox diaspora during the tragic transition brought upon by the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917.

Life

Metr. Eulogius was born Vasily Semenovich Georgievsky on April 10, 1868. He was the Bishop of Kholm in 1907 when he tonsured Arkady Dimitrievich Korolev a monk with the name Sergius.

Under his leadership, the Russian Orthodox Exarchate in Western Europe was established. During most of his episcopate, he served under the omophorion of the Ecumenical Patriarch. However, because he decided, along with the Metropolia (subsequently the Orthodox Church in America), to pursue autonomy from Moscow independent of the Karlovtsy Synod (ROCOR), his legacy is viewed as good or bad depending upon which jurisdiction is speaking. He was influential in founding the St. Sergius Orthodox Theological Institute (Paris, France), which in turn was formative in the life of the Orthodox Church in America and the founding of St. Vladimir's Orthodox Theological Seminary (Crestwood, New York). Spiritually, one may count among his descendants Metropolitan Anthony Bloom, Protopresbyters Alexander Schmemann, Georges Florovsky and John Meyendorff, and Saint Mary Skobtsova.

Metropolitan Eulogius was appointed by Patriarch Tikhon in 1921 as the representative of the Patriarchate of Moscow in Western Europe. He sat in with the bishops of the Karlovtsy Synod at the time.

In 1927, Eulogius broke with the Karlovtsy Synod and was subsequently condemned by them, splitting the Russian emigrant community in Western Europe. But Metropolitan Eulogius’ feeling was that because he was appointed by the Moscow Patriarch to his position, he and his flock were not in the same situation as the refugees of the Karlovtsy Synod.

In 1930, after taking part in a prayer service in London in supplication for Christians suffering under the Soviets, Eulogius was removed from office by Metr. Sergius (Stragorodsky), then locum tenens of the Patriarchate of Moscow and replaced. Most of Eulogius’ parishes remained loyal to him, as they were generally against the Soviet government. Eulogius then petitioned Ecumenical Patriarch Photius II to be received under his canonical care. He and his community were received in 1931, as an exarchate of the Ecumenical Patriarchate.

About a year before his death on August 8, 1946, Metropolitan Eulogius returned with all his parishes to the Russian Orthodox Church and again became an exarch of the Moscow patriarchate. However, after his death, Metropolitan Seraphim (Loukianov) was appointed the new exarch by the Moscow Patriarchate. A large number of parishes, contesting Archbishop Seraphim, again broke from the mother Church. These parishes have become the current exarchate of the Russian parishes in Western Europe of the Patriarchate of Constantinople.

Sources

External link

Succession box:
Eulogius (Georgievsky) of Paris
Preceded by:
Dionysius (Balaban)
Bishop of Kholm and Lyublun
1905-1914
Succeeded by:
Anastasius (Gribanovsky)
Preceded by:
?
Bishop of Vilnius
(Moscow Exarchate of Western Europe)

1921-1930
Succeeded by:
Eleutherius (Bogoyavlensky)
Preceded by:
?
Archbishop of the Russian Orthodox Exarchate in Western Europe
1931-1945
Succeeded by:
Vladimir (Tikhonitsky)
Preceded by:
Eleutherius (Bogoyavlensky)
Metropolitan of Paris
Exarch of Western Europe (Moscow)

1945-1946
Succeeded by:
Seraphim (Lukyanov)
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