Ephraem of Pec

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Our father among the [[saint]]s '''Ephraem of Peć''' (also ''Jefrem'', ''Ephrem'', or ''Ephraim the Bulgarian'', Serbian: ''Свети Јефрем патријарх пећки и српски'') was the [[Patriarch]] of Serbia two times: from 1375 to 1380, and then from 1389 to 1390. His [[feast day]] is celebrated on [[June 15]]/[[June 28|28]], together with St. [[Lazar of Serbia|Lazar]] and St. [[Spyridon of Pec|Spyridon]].
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==Life==
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Ephraem was born in 1322 in Bulgaria with the name of Jefrem into a [[priest|priestly]] family. As the son of a priest, Ephrem from an early age yearned for a spiritual and ascetical life. He fled to [[Mount Athos]] when his parents wanted him to marry. Later, he returned and lived a life of asceticism in the Ibar gorge and in the [[Decani Monastery]] in Kosovo. Patriarch [[Sava IV of Pec|Sava IV]] built an ascetic cell for him in Ždrelo near the [[w:Patriarchate of Peć|Peć]] Monastery. When rivalry and war broke out concerning precedence in the State and, unfortunately, even in the Church, the [[Holy Synod|Synod]] chose Ephraem to succeed the deceased Sava as patriarch on [[October 3]], 1375. When he was informed of his election, he wept bitterly but was unable to refuse the election. He managed to save the Church from interference from feudal lords by renouncing his throne and turning it over to Spyridon. He again withdrew to the wilderness. Following the death of Spyridon in 1389, Prince Lazar begged him to accept the throne again. He governed the Serbian Church until 1390 during the difficult time following the Serbian defeat at Kosovo in 1389. He again renounced the patriarchal [[see]] in 1390 and retired in Ždrelo.
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Ephraem died in the eighty-eighth year of his earthly life. His [[relics]] were buried at the Monastery of Peć by Patr. Sava V. He was [[glorification|glorified]] by Patr. Daniel IV in 1407. Bp. Marko wrote the ''Service to Saint Ephraem'' and ''Life of Saint Ephraem, Patriarch of the Serbs''.
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{{start box}}
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{{succession|
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before=[[Sava IV of Pec|Sava IV]]<br>St. [[Spyridon of Pec|Spyridon]]|
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title=[[List of Patriarchs of Serbia|Patriarch of Serbia]]|
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years=1375-1380<br>1389-1390|
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after=St. [[Spyridon of Pec|Spyridon]]<br>Danilo III}}
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{{end box}}
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==External links==
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*[http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?SID=4&ID=1&FSID=101735 St Ephraim the Bulgarian, Patriarch of Serbia] ([[OCA]])
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*[http://www.westsrbdio.org/prolog/my.html?month=June&day=15 Saint Ephrem, Serbian Patriarch] (''[[Prologue of Ohrid]]'')
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[[Category:Bishops]]
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[[Category:Saints]]
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[[Category:Serbian Saints]]
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[[Category:Patriarchs of Serbia]]

Revision as of 04:48, June 10, 2008

Our father among the saints Ephraem of Peć (also Jefrem, Ephrem, or Ephraim the Bulgarian, Serbian: Свети Јефрем патријарх пећки и српски) was the Patriarch of Serbia two times: from 1375 to 1380, and then from 1389 to 1390. His feast day is celebrated on June 15/28, together with St. Lazar and St. Spyridon.

Life

Ephraem was born in 1322 in Bulgaria with the name of Jefrem into a priestly family. As the son of a priest, Ephrem from an early age yearned for a spiritual and ascetical life. He fled to Mount Athos when his parents wanted him to marry. Later, he returned and lived a life of asceticism in the Ibar gorge and in the Decani Monastery in Kosovo. Patriarch Sava IV built an ascetic cell for him in Ždrelo near the Peć Monastery. When rivalry and war broke out concerning precedence in the State and, unfortunately, even in the Church, the Synod chose Ephraem to succeed the deceased Sava as patriarch on October 3, 1375. When he was informed of his election, he wept bitterly but was unable to refuse the election. He managed to save the Church from interference from feudal lords by renouncing his throne and turning it over to Spyridon. He again withdrew to the wilderness. Following the death of Spyridon in 1389, Prince Lazar begged him to accept the throne again. He governed the Serbian Church until 1390 during the difficult time following the Serbian defeat at Kosovo in 1389. He again renounced the patriarchal see in 1390 and retired in Ždrelo.

Ephraem died in the eighty-eighth year of his earthly life. His relics were buried at the Monastery of Peć by Patr. Sava V. He was glorified by Patr. Daniel IV in 1407. Bp. Marko wrote the Service to Saint Ephraem and Life of Saint Ephraem, Patriarch of the Serbs.

Succession box:
Ephraem of Pec
Preceded by:
Sava IV
St. Spyridon
Patriarch of Serbia
1375-1380
1389-1390
Succeeded by:
St. Spyridon
Danilo III
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