Edict of Milan

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[[image:Labarum.jpg|left|stub|The Chi Rho symbol, the first two letters of [[Jesus Christ]] in Greek, which Constantine saw in a vision along with the words "in hoc signo vinces."]]The '''Edict of Milan''' was a declaration issued in 313 by the Emperor [[Constantine the Great|Constantine]] which made all religions legal within the Roman Empire, though it was especially intended to legalize Christianity.
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[[image:Labarum.jpg|thumb|right|Chi Rho, the first two letters of [[Jesus Christ]] in Greek, which [[Constantine the Great|Constantine]] saw in a vision along with the words "in hoc signo vinces" ("in this sign you will conquer").]]The '''Edict of Milan''' was a declaration issued in 313 by the Emperor [[Constantine the Great|Constantine]] which made all religions legal within the Roman Empire, though it was especially intended to legalize Christianity.
  
Paganism, the official religion of the Empire and particularly of the army, was disestablished as such, and property which had previously been confiscated from Christians was returned.
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[[Paganism]], the official religion of the Empire and particularly of the army, was disestablished as such, and property which had previously been confiscated from Christians was returned.
  
The Edict followed [[Constantine the Great]]'s 311 conversion of his entire army preceding the Battle of Milvian Bridge, after which he gained control of the Western portion of the Empire. Before this battle, according to [[Eusebius]], Constantine had a vision of either the sign of the cross or of a Chi Rho emblem (both symbolizing Christ), under which was written "in hoc signo vinces" (i.e., in this sign thou shalt conquer).
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The Edict followed Constantine the Great's 311 conversion of his entire army preceding the Battle of Milvian Bridge, after which he gained control of the Western portion of the Empire. Before this battle, according to [[Eusebius of Caesarea|Eusebius]], Constantine had a vision of either the [[sign of the cross]] or of a Chi Rho emblem (both symbolizing Christ), under which was written "in hoc signo vinces" (i.e., in this sign thou shalt conquer).
  
Unfortunately, the Edict did not end all persecution of Christians happily ever after; Licinius, the Easter Emperor, soon marched against Constantine to gain control of the whole Empire for himself. In so doing, he made void the Edict in an attempt to gain the support of pagans, particularly those who composed much of the military. Constantine, however, eventually defeated and executed him. After Constantine, emperors such as [[Julian the Apostate]] also rose against Christianity. However, on the whole Constantine had turned the tide against Christian persecution.
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Unfortunately, the Edict did not end all persecution of Christians happily ever after; Licinius, the Eastern Emperor, soon marched against Constantine to gain control of the whole Empire for himself. In so doing, he made void the Edict in an attempt to gain the support of pagans, particularly those who composed much of the military. Constantine, however, eventually defeated and executed him. After Constantine, emperors such as [[Julian the Apostate]] also rose against Christianity. However, on the whole Constantine had turned the tide against Christian persecution.
  
==Sources==
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==Source==
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*[[w:Edict of Milan|''Edict of Milan'' on Wikipedia]]
  
* [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edict_of_Milan wikipedia: Edict of Milan]
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[[Category:Church History]]
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[[fr:Édit de Milan]]
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[[ro:Edictul de la Milano]]

Revision as of 06:59, September 3, 2012

Chi Rho, the first two letters of Jesus Christ in Greek, which Constantine saw in a vision along with the words "in hoc signo vinces" ("in this sign you will conquer").
The Edict of Milan was a declaration issued in 313 by the Emperor Constantine which made all religions legal within the Roman Empire, though it was especially intended to legalize Christianity.

Paganism, the official religion of the Empire and particularly of the army, was disestablished as such, and property which had previously been confiscated from Christians was returned.

The Edict followed Constantine the Great's 311 conversion of his entire army preceding the Battle of Milvian Bridge, after which he gained control of the Western portion of the Empire. Before this battle, according to Eusebius, Constantine had a vision of either the sign of the cross or of a Chi Rho emblem (both symbolizing Christ), under which was written "in hoc signo vinces" (i.e., in this sign thou shalt conquer).

Unfortunately, the Edict did not end all persecution of Christians happily ever after; Licinius, the Eastern Emperor, soon marched against Constantine to gain control of the whole Empire for himself. In so doing, he made void the Edict in an attempt to gain the support of pagans, particularly those who composed much of the military. Constantine, however, eventually defeated and executed him. After Constantine, emperors such as Julian the Apostate also rose against Christianity. However, on the whole Constantine had turned the tide against Christian persecution.

Source

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