Dositheus II Notarius of Jerusalem

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Dositheus II Notarius of Jerusalem was the Patriarch of Jerusalem from 1669 to 1707 and a theologian of the Orthodox Church. He took a firm stand against influences of the Roman Catholic and Protestant Churches. He convened the Synod of Jerusalem to counter the Calvinist confessions of Cyril Lucaris.

Life

Dositheus was born in Arachova, Greece on May 31, 1641. Little of his early life is known. He was ordained a deacon in 1652 and elevated to archdeacon of Jerusalem in 1661. In 1666, he was consecrated archbishop of Caesarea Palestinae. In 1669, he was elected patriarch of Jerusalem.

Patr. Dositheus became very involved in the state of the Orthodox Church in the Balkans, Georgia, and southern Russia, particularly in the aftermath of the Calvinist Confession of Faith by Patr. Cyril Lucaris of Constantinople that set forth his agreement in the doctrines of predestination and justification by faith alone. In 1672, Patr. Dositheus convened the Synod of Jerusalem that rejected all the Calvinist doctrines and reformulated Orthodox teachings in a manner that distinguished them from Roman Catholicism as well as Protestantism.

In correspondence with Peter I of Russia, he objected to Peter's reforms that subjected the Church to the state, particularly with his abolition of the patriarchate of Russia. Dositheus failed in his attempt to get Peter to intercede for the Orthodox Church in the peace treaty with Ottoman Turkey in 1702.

Patr. Dositheus wrote intensively. Most of his works were compilations from the writings of the Greek Fathers and were directed against the positions of the Roman Catholic church and of the Eastern churches that recognized Rome. In 1715, after he died, his twelve volume History of the Patriarchate of Jerusalem was published.

Patr. Dositheus reposed in Constantinople on February 8, 1707.

Succession box:
Dositheus II Notarius of Jerusalem
Preceded by:
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Archbishop of Caesarea
1666-1669
Succeeded by:
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Preceded by:
Nectarius
Patriarch of Jerusalem
1669-1707
Succeeded by:
Chrysanthus
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