Dionysius II of Constantinople

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His All-Holiness ‘‘‘Dionysius II’‘’ was the Patriarch of Constantinople during the middle of the sixteenth century. He served as [[patriarch]] from 1546 to 1555.  
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His All-Holiness '''Dionysius II of Constantinople''', (Greek: Διονύσιος Β΄) was Patriarch of Constantinople from 1546 to 1556. He came under a serious confrontation with the Greek population of Constantinople when his protege [[Metropolitan]] Metrophanes of Caesarea (Kaisareia) entered [[communion]] with Pope Paul III of Rome.
  
The date of Dionysius' birth is not known. He was born in the Galata area of Constantinople and was [[consecration of a bishop|consecrated]] to the episcopate by Patriarch Theoliptos. He was esteemed to be well educated. Before he was elected to the patriarchal throne he was [[Metropolitan]] of [[Nicomedia]]. Dionysius was elected Patriarch in 1546.  
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==Life==
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Little is known of his early life. Dionysius was born in Galata, now part of Istanbul, in the latter decades of the fifteenth century. He was esteemed to be well educated. In 1516, Dionysius was elected [[Metropolitan]] of [[Nicomedia]] and [[consecration of a bishop|consecrated]] by [[Patriarch]] [[Theoleptus I of Constantinople|Theoleptus I]].  
  
As the financial state of the patriarchate was a constant issue, Dionysius sent Metrophanes, Metropolitan of Caesaria, to Venice and the West to raise funds. However, Metrophanes was intercepted by Dionysius Zannetinos, the Latin Bishop of Hersonisus on Crete, who induced him to accept communion with the [[Pope]] of Rome, Paul III. This action created a storm of complaints not only against Metrophanes but Dionysius also that resulted in both of them being [[Deposition|deposed]]. However, the act of deposition against Dionysius was never carried out, and he continued as patriarch until his death.
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Dionysius was designated by Patriarch [[Jeremias I of Constantinople|Jeremias I]] as his successor, and, after Jeremias' death, he was elected to the [[see]] of Constantinople on [[April 17]], 1546, supported by the people but against the hopes of the [[Holy Synod]]. During his Patriarchate, Dionysius was blamed for having raised the Ottoman Sultan's appointment fee (''peshtesh'') to three thousand Écus. He also was blamed for demolishing the great cross on the roof of the Pammakaristos Church that was ordered by the Sultan. At the time, the [[church]] was the seat of the Patriarchate.
  
Dionysius reposed in 1555 and was buried on the grounds of the [[Monastery]] of Kamariotissa on the island of Chalki, one of the Prince islands.
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As the financial state of the patriarchate was a constant issue, Patr. Dionysius sent Metropolitan Metrophanes of Caesarea to Venice to raise funds. There, however, Metrophanes followed the advice of Dionysius Zannetinus, the Latin Bishop of Hersonissos on Crete, and entered into communion with [[Pope]] Paul III of Rome. This action created a storm of complaints not only against Metrophanes, but also against Patr. Dionysius, leading to their [[deposition]]. However, the condemnation of Dionysius, who enjoyed the support of Suleiman the Magnificent, was considered unfair and was never executed. So, Patr. Dionysius remained on the patriarchal throne until his death.
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The date of the death of Patr. Dionysius has been uncertain, although Venetian documents support a date in July 1556. He died in Constantinople and was buried in the Kamariotissa Monastery on the island of Halki, one of the Prince islands.
  
==Source==
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{{start box}}
*[http://www.ec-patr.org/list/index.php?lang=en&id=184 Ec-patr: Dionysios II]
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{{succession|
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before=?|
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title=Metropolitan of Nicomedia|
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years= 1516-1546|
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after=?}}
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{{succession|
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before=Joannicus I |
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title=[[List of Patriarchs of Constantinople|Patriarch of Constantinople]]|
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years= 1546-1556|
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after=Joasaph II}}
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{{end box}}
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==Sources==
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*[http://patriarchate.org/patriarchate/former-patriarchs/dionysios-ii  Ec-patr: Dionysios II 1546-1556]
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*[http://asiaminor.ehw.gr/forms/fLemma.aspx?lemmaId=7791 Dionysios II of Constantinople]
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*[[Wikipedia: Patriarch_Dionysius_II_of_Constantinople]]
  
 
[[Category: Bishops]]
 
[[Category: Bishops]]
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[[Category: Bishops of Nicomedia]]
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[[Category:16th-century bishops]]
 
[[Category: Patriarchs of Constantinople]]
 
[[Category: Patriarchs of Constantinople]]

Latest revision as of 12:36, October 6, 2012

His All-Holiness Dionysius II of Constantinople, (Greek: Διονύσιος Β΄) was Patriarch of Constantinople from 1546 to 1556. He came under a serious confrontation with the Greek population of Constantinople when his protege Metropolitan Metrophanes of Caesarea (Kaisareia) entered communion with Pope Paul III of Rome.

Life

Little is known of his early life. Dionysius was born in Galata, now part of Istanbul, in the latter decades of the fifteenth century. He was esteemed to be well educated. In 1516, Dionysius was elected Metropolitan of Nicomedia and consecrated by Patriarch Theoleptus I.

Dionysius was designated by Patriarch Jeremias I as his successor, and, after Jeremias' death, he was elected to the see of Constantinople on April 17, 1546, supported by the people but against the hopes of the Holy Synod. During his Patriarchate, Dionysius was blamed for having raised the Ottoman Sultan's appointment fee (peshtesh) to three thousand Écus. He also was blamed for demolishing the great cross on the roof of the Pammakaristos Church that was ordered by the Sultan. At the time, the church was the seat of the Patriarchate.

As the financial state of the patriarchate was a constant issue, Patr. Dionysius sent Metropolitan Metrophanes of Caesarea to Venice to raise funds. There, however, Metrophanes followed the advice of Dionysius Zannetinus, the Latin Bishop of Hersonissos on Crete, and entered into communion with Pope Paul III of Rome. This action created a storm of complaints not only against Metrophanes, but also against Patr. Dionysius, leading to their deposition. However, the condemnation of Dionysius, who enjoyed the support of Suleiman the Magnificent, was considered unfair and was never executed. So, Patr. Dionysius remained on the patriarchal throne until his death. The date of the death of Patr. Dionysius has been uncertain, although Venetian documents support a date in July 1556. He died in Constantinople and was buried in the Kamariotissa Monastery on the island of Halki, one of the Prince islands.

Succession box:
Dionysius II of Constantinople
Preceded by:
?
Metropolitan of Nicomedia
1516-1546
Succeeded by:
?
Preceded by:
Joannicus I
Patriarch of Constantinople
1546-1556
Succeeded by:
Joasaph II
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