Diaspora

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A '''diaspora''' is a scattering of a people from their original homeland or the new community formed by such a people.  ''Diaspora'' can also refer geographically to those areas of the world where Orthodox Christians live, but are outside the [[canonical territory|canonically defined territories]] agreed upon as belonging to an [[autocephaly|autocephalous]] or [[autonomy|autonomous]] Orthodox church.
Definition:
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;diaspora:A scattering of a people from their original homeland.<br>The new community formed by such a people  
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Some Orthodox peoples living in the West believe that they are living as dispersed peoples, as specific national and ecclesiastical "diasporas."  The Church teaches that Christians, in full communion in faith, love, and sacramental life, should be at home in the [[One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church]] in the new land in which they find themselves.  The notion of a diaspora of Orthodox Christians is seen by many as an obstacle to [[jurisdiction]]al unity throughout areas as yet canonically undefined.
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Sometimes Eastern Orthodox peoples living in the West, believe that they are living as dispersed peoples. Or, to be precise, as specific national and ecclesial “diasporas
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One of the major challenges of Orthodoxy in the diaspora is the existence of multiple overlapping jurisdictions, a phenomenon which is against the [[canon law|canonical tradition]] of the Orthodox Church, which requires that any given piece of [[canonical territory]] should only have a single [[bishop]].
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Overlapping jurisdictions currently exist in North and South America, Western Europe, East Asia, Australia, Oceania, and many Pacific islands, as well as Estonia.
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<!--- ==Orthodoxy in the Diaspora== --->
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==Jurisdictions with parishes in the "diaspora"==
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The following Orthodox [[jurisdiction]]s currently have "diaspora" [[parish]]es, i.e., parishes outside their traditionally defined [[canonical territory]]:
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*[[Church of Constantinople|Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople]] (comprising the majority of all diaspora parishes)
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*[[Church of Antioch|Patriarchate of Antioch]]
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*[[Church of Jerusalem|Patriarchate of Jerusalem]]
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*[[Church of Russia|Patriarchate of Moscow]] (including the [[ROCOR]])
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*[[Church of Serbia|Patriarchate of Serbia]]
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*[[Church of Romania|Patriarchate of Romania]]
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*[[Church of Bulgaria|Patriarchate of Bulgaria]]
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*[[Church of Georgia]]
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*[[Church of Poland]]
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*[[Orthodox Church in America]] (OCA)
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==See also==
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*[[Orthodoxy in America]]
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*[[Orthodoxy in East Asia]]
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*[[Orthodoxy in Australasia]]
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*[[Orthodoxy in the United Kingdom]]
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*[[Orthodoxy in Western Europe]]
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==External links==
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*[http://jacwell.org/Fall_2003/are_we_living_in_diaspora.htm Are We Living in Diaspora?], by Archbishop [[Peter (L'Huillier) of New York|Peter (L'Huillier)]]
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*[http://www.oca.org/Docs.asp?ID=138 Orthodoxy in America: Diaspora or Church?,] by Very Rev. Leonid Kishkovsky
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*[http://www.antiochian.org/wordhtml/200411_19.html "In the Diaspora"], by Metropolitan Maximos, published in ''The Word'', November 2004 ([[Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America|Antiochian]])
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*[http://www.oca.org/news.asp?ID=1013&SID=19 UK diocesan crisis tests Church's mission to all] by Archpriest Leonid Kishkovsky
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[[Category:Jurisdictions]]
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[[Category:Church Life]]

Latest revision as of 09:28, June 22, 2010

A diaspora is a scattering of a people from their original homeland or the new community formed by such a people. Diaspora can also refer geographically to those areas of the world where Orthodox Christians live, but are outside the canonically defined territories agreed upon as belonging to an autocephalous or autonomous Orthodox church.

Some Orthodox peoples living in the West believe that they are living as dispersed peoples, as specific national and ecclesiastical "diasporas." The Church teaches that Christians, in full communion in faith, love, and sacramental life, should be at home in the One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church in the new land in which they find themselves. The notion of a diaspora of Orthodox Christians is seen by many as an obstacle to jurisdictional unity throughout areas as yet canonically undefined.

One of the major challenges of Orthodoxy in the diaspora is the existence of multiple overlapping jurisdictions, a phenomenon which is against the canonical tradition of the Orthodox Church, which requires that any given piece of canonical territory should only have a single bishop.

Overlapping jurisdictions currently exist in North and South America, Western Europe, East Asia, Australia, Oceania, and many Pacific islands, as well as Estonia.


Jurisdictions with parishes in the "diaspora"

The following Orthodox jurisdictions currently have "diaspora" parishes, i.e., parishes outside their traditionally defined canonical territory:

See also

External links

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