Dalmatikon

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The dalmatikon is a long outer [[vestment]] almost to the floor.  It is fastened at the sides with loops and baubles. Usually edged in gold and carrying ecclesiastical motifs, it can be the colour of the day, and highly decorated.  
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The '''dalmatikon''' is a long outer [[vestment]] that reaches almost to the floor and is worn by deacons.  It is fastened at the sides with loops and baubles. It is named after the area from which it originated and was an imperial vestment of the Roman empire. Usually the dalmatikon is edged in gold and carrys ecclesiastical motifs. It can be the color of the day and be highly decorated.  
  
The [[deacon]] drapes the orarion over the top of it.  
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The [[deacon]] drapes the orarion over the top of the dalmatikon.  
  
[[Subdeacon]]s also wear a dalmatikon but with shorter crossed orarion.
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[[Subdeacon]]s also wear a dalmatikon but with an orarion that is crossed (and in the Russian tradition is shorter).
  
In the fourth century the imperial vestment, the dalmatikon, so named after the area from which it originated, started to be used in the universal [[Church]].  The emperor granted the right to wear a dalmatikon to particular high officials within the imperial bureacracy, and later extended the right to particular [[bishop]]s, and some highly favoured deacons.
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In the fourth century the dalmatikon began to be used in the [[Church]] when the emperor granted the right to wear it to particular high officials within the imperial bureaucracy. Later the right to wear it was extended to particular [[bishop]]s, as well as some highly favored deacons.
  
Over time, the dalmatikon came to be recognised as the vestment of bishops in favour with the emperor.  When specific deacons were granted the right to wear the dalmatikon they were recognised as representing the emperor, or a highly favoured bishop.   
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Over time, the dalmatikon came to be recognized as the vestment of bishops who were in favor with the emperor.  When specific deacons were granted the right to wear the dalmatikon they were recognized as representing the emperor, or a highly favored bishop.   
  
Over the next few centuries, the dalmatikon then came to especially symobolise the [[archbishop]]'s primary helpers, the patriarchal deacons. Still later it was adopted as the usual liturgical vestment of all deacons, both east and west.
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Over the next few centuries, the dalmatikon then came to identify especially those deacons who were an [[archbishop]]'s primary helpers, that is, the patriarchal deacons. In time the dalmatikon came to be adopted as the regular liturgical vestment used by all deacons in both the east and west.
  
As part of the enormous upheavals in the eastern Church caused by the fall of Constantinople in 1453, the Church had thrust upon it the worldly responsibilities formerly exercised by the emperor over his Christian subjects.  The Ottoman overlords made the bishops responsible for the material government of their own people, as well as the spiritual responsibility they had always exercised. 
 
  
It was from this time that the eastern bishops relinquished the use of the divided mitre still seen in the western church today, and adopted the imperial crown as their episcopal headgear.
 
  
It was also from this period that the use of the word dalmatikon began to disappear from the liturgical vocabulary to be supplanted by a widened meaning of sticharion.
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[[Category:Vestments]]
 
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Today some jurisdictions still use the older word dalmatikon for the deacon's outer liturgical vestment, but most jurisdictions use the more generic term sticharion.
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===Source===
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[[http://www.antiochian.org.au/content/view/495/21/ Dalmatikon]]
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Latest revision as of 10:41, December 22, 2009

The dalmatikon is a long outer vestment that reaches almost to the floor and is worn by deacons. It is fastened at the sides with loops and baubles. It is named after the area from which it originated and was an imperial vestment of the Roman empire. Usually the dalmatikon is edged in gold and carrys ecclesiastical motifs. It can be the color of the day and be highly decorated.

The deacon drapes the orarion over the top of the dalmatikon.

Subdeacons also wear a dalmatikon but with an orarion that is crossed (and in the Russian tradition is shorter).

In the fourth century the dalmatikon began to be used in the Church when the emperor granted the right to wear it to particular high officials within the imperial bureaucracy. Later the right to wear it was extended to particular bishops, as well as some highly favored deacons.

Over time, the dalmatikon came to be recognized as the vestment of bishops who were in favor with the emperor. When specific deacons were granted the right to wear the dalmatikon they were recognized as representing the emperor, or a highly favored bishop.

Over the next few centuries, the dalmatikon then came to identify especially those deacons who were an archbishop's primary helpers, that is, the patriarchal deacons. In time the dalmatikon came to be adopted as the regular liturgical vestment used by all deacons in both the east and west.

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