Cornelius (Yacobs) of Tallinn

From OrthodoxWiki
(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
m (cat.)
 
(5 intermediate revisions by 5 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
[[Image:Cornelius.jpg|right]]
+
[[Image:Cornelius.jpg|right|Metr. Cornelius]]His Beatitude '''Cornelius, [[Metropolitan]] of Tallinn and All Estonia''' (secular name Vyacheslav Nikolayevich Yacobs) is the head of the [[Church of Estonia (Moscow Patriarchate)|Estonian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate]].
  
'''Cornelius, Metropolitan of Tallinn and All Estonia''' (secular name Vyacheslav Nikolayevich Yacobs) is the current bishop of the [[Church of Russia|Moscow Patriarchate]] heading its [[parish]]es in Estonia.
+
==Life==
 +
He was born on [[June 19]], 1924, in Tallinn into the family of a Russian army colonel. After the Russian Revolution of 1917, the family had emigrated to Estonia. In 1943, he finished school and served as a psalm [[reader]] in the Church of the Nativity of the Mother of God in Tallinn. On [[August 19]], 1945, he was [[ordination|ordained]] a [[deacon]] by Paul (Dmitrovsky), Archbishop of Tallinn and all Estonia, and later, on [[February 8]], 1948, he was ordained a priest by Isidore, Bishop of Tallinn and all Estonia. He was appointed rector of St Mary Magdalene Church in Haapsalu. In 1951 he graduated from the Leningrad (now St. Petersburg) Seminary (by correspondence).  
  
He was born on 19 June 1924 in Tallinn, in the family of tsar army colonel. After the revolution the family emigrated to Estonia. In 1943 he finished school and served as a psalm reader in the Church of the Nativity of the Mother of God in Tallinn. On 19 August 1945 he was ordained deacon by Paul (Dmitrovsky), Archbishop of Tallinn and all Estonia; and later, on 8 February 1948 - priest by Isidore, Bishop of Tallinn and all Estonia. He was appointed rector of St Mary Magdalena Church in Haapsalu. In 1951 he graduated from the Leningrad (now S. Petersburg) Seminary (by correspondence).  
+
From 1951 to 1957 he belonged to the [[clergy]] of the Vologda [[diocese]]. On [[February 27]], 1957, he was arrested by the KGB and charged for "anti-Soviet agitation" (due to his possession of religious books and conversations with believers). On [[May 16]], 1957, he was sentenced to 10 years imprisonment. He served his sentence in the political camps of Mordovia (Dubravlag). On [[September 12]], 1960, the Supreme Court of Mordovia reduced the sentence to five years, and then by the court's resolution he was released from custody ahead of time and put on probation. (He was rehabilitated on [[October 14]], 1988). In November 1960 he came back to Estonia and became rector of John the Forerunner Church in Tallinn.  
  
In 1951-1957 he belonged to the clergy of Vologda diocese. On 27 February 1957 he was arrested by KGB and charged for "anti-Soviet agitation" (possession of religious books, conversations with believers). On 16 May 1957 he was sentenced to 10 years imprisonment (para 58-10 part I of the Criminal Code of Russian Federation), served his sentence in the political camps of Mordovia (Dubravlag). On 12 September 1960 the Supreme Court reduced the sentence to 5 years. On 7 September 1960 by the resolution of the Supreme Court of Mordovia he was released from custody ahead of time and put on probation. (He was rehabilitated on 14 October 1988). In November 1960 he came back to Estonia and became rector of John the Forerunner Church in Tallinn.  
+
On [[July 20]], 1990 at the first meeting of the [[Holy Synod]], chaired by His Holiness Patriarch [[Alexei II (Ridiger) of Moscow|Alexei II of Moscow and all Russia]], he was appointed [[Bishop]] of Tallinn, vicar to His Holiness the Patriarch. On [[August 21]], 1990, he took [[monasticism|monastic]] vows in the Monastery of the Dormition at Pechery near [[Pskov]] and obtained the name of Cornelius; on [[September 6]], 1990 he was elevated to the rank of [[archimandrite]].  
  
On 20 July 1990 at the first meeting of the [[Holy Synod]], chaired by His Holiness Patriarch Alexy II of Moscow and all Russia, he was appointed Bishop of Tallinn, vicar to His Holiness Patriarch. On 21 August 1990 he took monastic vows in the Monastery of the Dormition at Pechery near Pskov and obtained the name of Cornelius; on 6 September 1990 he was elevated to the rank of archimandrite.  
+
On [[September 15]], 1990, he was ordained a bishop at the Cathedral of St. [[Alexander Nevsky]] in Tallinn. The chirotony (laying on of hands) was done by His Holiness Alexei II, Patriarch of Moscow and all Russia; Metropolitan Tikhon of Helsinki (Finnish Orthodox Church), Bishop Evgeny of Tambov and Michurinsk, Bishop Victor of Podolsk, and Bishop Lev of Novgorod and Staraya Russa. Upon the decision of the Holy Synod to grant autonomy to the Estonian Orthodox Church, he became the head of the Estonian church, with the title of Bishop of Tallinn and all Estonia. In 1995 he was elevated to the rank of [[archbishop]].  
  
On 15 September 1990 he was ordained bishop at the Cathedral of St. Alexander Nevsky in Tallinn. The chirotony was done by Alexy, Patriarch of Moscow and all Russia, Tikhon, Metropolitan of Helsingfors (Finnish Orthodox Church), Evgeny, bishop of Tambov and Michurinsk, Victor, bishop of Podolsk and Lev, bishop of Novgorod and Staraya Russa. Upon the decision of the Holy Synod to grant autonomy to Estonian Orthodox Church he became the head of Estonian Orthodox Church with the title of Bishop of Tallinn and all Estonia. In 1995 he was elevated to the rank of archbishop.  
+
On [[November 6]], 2000, he was elevated to the rank of Metropolitan of Tallinn and all Estonia.  
  
On 6 November 2000 he became Metropolitan of Tallinn and all Estonia.
+
{{start box}}
 +
{{succession|
 +
before=[[Alexei II (Ridiger) of Moscow|Alexei (Ridiger)]]|
 +
title=Metropolitan of Tallinn and All Estonia|
 +
years=1990-present|
 +
after=—}}
 +
{{end box}}
  
''From the official website of the Orthodox Church of Estonia, used with their kind permission''
+
==Source==
 +
*[http://www.orthodox.ee/indexeng.php?d=clergy/primate From the official website of the Orthodox Church of Estonia (Moscow Patriarchate)], used with their kind permission.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
[[Category:Bishops]]
 +
[[Category:20th-21st-century bishops]]
 +
[[Category:Bishops of Tallinn]]

Latest revision as of 06:09, February 25, 2012

Metr. Cornelius
His Beatitude Cornelius, Metropolitan of Tallinn and All Estonia (secular name Vyacheslav Nikolayevich Yacobs) is the head of the Estonian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate.

Life

He was born on June 19, 1924, in Tallinn into the family of a Russian army colonel. After the Russian Revolution of 1917, the family had emigrated to Estonia. In 1943, he finished school and served as a psalm reader in the Church of the Nativity of the Mother of God in Tallinn. On August 19, 1945, he was ordained a deacon by Paul (Dmitrovsky), Archbishop of Tallinn and all Estonia, and later, on February 8, 1948, he was ordained a priest by Isidore, Bishop of Tallinn and all Estonia. He was appointed rector of St Mary Magdalene Church in Haapsalu. In 1951 he graduated from the Leningrad (now St. Petersburg) Seminary (by correspondence).

From 1951 to 1957 he belonged to the clergy of the Vologda diocese. On February 27, 1957, he was arrested by the KGB and charged for "anti-Soviet agitation" (due to his possession of religious books and conversations with believers). On May 16, 1957, he was sentenced to 10 years imprisonment. He served his sentence in the political camps of Mordovia (Dubravlag). On September 12, 1960, the Supreme Court of Mordovia reduced the sentence to five years, and then by the court's resolution he was released from custody ahead of time and put on probation. (He was rehabilitated on October 14, 1988). In November 1960 he came back to Estonia and became rector of John the Forerunner Church in Tallinn.

On July 20, 1990 at the first meeting of the Holy Synod, chaired by His Holiness Patriarch Alexei II of Moscow and all Russia, he was appointed Bishop of Tallinn, vicar to His Holiness the Patriarch. On August 21, 1990, he took monastic vows in the Monastery of the Dormition at Pechery near Pskov and obtained the name of Cornelius; on September 6, 1990 he was elevated to the rank of archimandrite.

On September 15, 1990, he was ordained a bishop at the Cathedral of St. Alexander Nevsky in Tallinn. The chirotony (laying on of hands) was done by His Holiness Alexei II, Patriarch of Moscow and all Russia; Metropolitan Tikhon of Helsinki (Finnish Orthodox Church), Bishop Evgeny of Tambov and Michurinsk, Bishop Victor of Podolsk, and Bishop Lev of Novgorod and Staraya Russa. Upon the decision of the Holy Synod to grant autonomy to the Estonian Orthodox Church, he became the head of the Estonian church, with the title of Bishop of Tallinn and all Estonia. In 1995 he was elevated to the rank of archbishop.

On November 6, 2000, he was elevated to the rank of Metropolitan of Tallinn and all Estonia.

Succession box:
Cornelius (Yacobs) of Tallinn
Preceded by:
Alexei (Ridiger)
Metropolitan of Tallinn and All Estonia
1990-present
Succeeded by:
Help with box



Source

Personal tools
Namespaces
Variants
Actions
Navigation
interaction
Donate

Please consider supporting OrthodoxWiki. FAQs

Toolbox