Convent of Our Lady of Saydnaya

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[[Image:Saydnaya Monastery.jpg|right|thumb|Convent of Our Lady of Saydnaya, Syria.]]
 
The '''Convent of Our Lady of Saydnaya''' is located in the mountains north of the city of [[Damascus]] of Syria, the seat of the ancient Patriarchate of [[Church of Antioch|Antioch]].  
 
The '''Convent of Our Lady of Saydnaya''' is located in the mountains north of the city of [[Damascus]] of Syria, the seat of the ancient Patriarchate of [[Church of Antioch|Antioch]].  
  
== History ==
+
==History==
It is said that Justinian I, Emperor of Byzantium, while crossing Syria with his troops either on his way to the Holy Land or on a campaign against the Persians, came to this desert, where his army encamped and soon suffered thirst for lack of water. When they despaired, the emperor saw a beautiful gazelle off in the distance. He vigorously gave chase, hunting the animal until it tired and stopped on a rocky knoll and approached a spring of fresh water, but without giving the emperor the opportunity to shoot it. Suddenly, it transformed into an icon of the Most-holy Theotokos, which shone with a brilliant light. A white hand stretched forth from it and a voice said, "No, thou shalt not kill me, Justinian, but thou shalt build a church for me here on this hill." Then the strange heavenly light and majestic figure disappeared.
+
It is said that [[Justinian]] I, Emperor of Byzantium, while crossing Syria with his troops either on his way to the Holy Land or on a campaign against the Persians, came to this desert, where his army encamped and soon suffered thirst for lack of water. When they despaired, the emperor saw a beautiful gazelle off in the distance. He vigorously gave chase, hunting the animal until it tired and stopped on a rocky knoll and approached a spring of fresh water, but without giving the emperor the opportunity to shoot it. Suddenly, it transformed into an icon of the Most-holy [[Theotokos]], which shone with a brilliant light. A white hand stretched forth from it and a voice said, "No, thou shalt not kill me, Justinian, but thou shalt build a church for me here on this hill." Then the strange heavenly light and majestic figure disappeared.
  
Upon his return, Justinian related what he had seen to his subordinates and ordered them immediately to draw up a plan for the contemplated church. After some time had passed and the architects were unable to resolve the problems of the plan, the Holy Virgin the gazelle reappeared to Justinian in a dream and confided a magnificent plan to him for a convent, of which she would be the Protectress. It is said that the basic structure of the convent follows this plan to this day. The convent soon gained such renown that it came to be ranked second only to Jerusalem as a place of pilgrimage, and nuns from every corner of Syria, Egypt, and other lands flocked to it.
+
Upon his return, Justinian related what he had seen to his subordinates and ordered them immediately to draw up a plan for the contemplated [[church]]. After some time had passed and the architects were unable to resolve the problems of the plan, the Holy Virgin—the gazelle—reappeared to Justinian in a dream and confided a magnificent plan to him for a convent, of which she would be the Protectress. It is said that the basic structure of the convent follows this plan to this day. The convent soon gained such renown that it came to be ranked second only to Jerusalem as a place of pilgrimage, and nuns from every corner of Syria, Egypt, and other lands flocked to it.
  
The holy Icon El Chagoura appeared many years after the convent was constructed. In the late eighth century, a certain venerable Marina was abbess of the convent, and she was widely revered for her piety and sanctity of life. It happened that a hermit monk, a Greek pilgrim from Egypt named Theodore, stopped at the convent on his way to the Holy Land. When he was leaving, Abbess Marina asked him to buy in Jerusalem a precious and fine icon of the Holy Virgin. While at Jerusalem, he utterly forgot the task entrusted to him and started on his return journey. However, when he had not gone far from the city, he was stopped short by an unfamiliar voice: "Have you not forgotten something in Jerusalem? What have you done in regard to the commission from Abbess Marina?" Monk Theodore returned at once to Jerusalem and found an icon of the Theotokos. During the journey back to the convent, he was astounded by the miracles accomplished through the icon. He and his whole caravan were ambushed by bandits, and then attacked by wild beasts. Amidst these dangers, the hermit always invoked the aid of the Holy Virgin while holding her icon, and he and all the
+
The holy [[icon]] El Chagoura appeared many years after the convent was constructed. In the late eighth century, a certain venerable Marina was [[abbess]] of the convent, and she was widely revered for her piety and sanctity of life. It happened that a [[hermit]] [[monk]], a Greek [[pilgrim]] from Egypt named Theodore, stopped at the convent on his way to the [[Holy Land]]. When he was leaving, Abbess Marina asked him to buy in Jerusalem a precious and fine icon of the Holy Virgin. While at Jerusalem, he utterly forgot the task entrusted to him and started on his return journey. However, when he had not gone far from the city, he was stopped short by an unfamiliar voice: "Have you not forgotten something in Jerusalem? What have you done in regard to the commission from Abbess Marina?" Monk Theodore returned at once to Jerusalem and found an icon of the Theotokos. During the journey back to the convent, he was astounded by the [[miracle]]s accomplished through the icon. He and his whole caravan were ambushed by bandits, and then attacked by wild beasts. Amidst these dangers, the hermit always invoked the aid of the Holy Virgin while holding her icon, and he and all the caravan were saved from every peril.  
caravan were saved from every peril.  
+
  
When Theodore returned to the convent, these events tempted him to keep the valuable icon for himself, and he decided to bypass Saydnaya and sail back to Egypt. However, he was unable to set sail, for such a fierce storm arose, it seemed the ship would inevitably sink. His conscience was pricked, and he quickly left the ship and returned by way of Saydnaya. After spending four days in the convent, he was again possessed by an irresistible desire to make the icon of the Mother of God his own. He apologized to the abbess, pretending that he had been unable to buy the required icon, and then he decided to leave the convent secretly. The next morning, as he was about to set out on the journey back to his own country and approached the convent gate, he was amazed to find that an invisible power barred his way, and it was as though a stone wall stood where the gate should have been. After many futile attempts, he was forced to hand the icon over to the abbess, confessing his intention. With tears of gratitude she glorified the Lord and His All-pure Mother. Since that day, the holy Icon has remained in the convent and has been the object of great veneration.
+
When Theodore returned to the convent, these events tempted him to keep the valuable icon for himself, and he decided to bypass Saydnaya and sail back to Egypt. However, he was unable to set sail, for such a fierce storm arose, it seemed the ship would inevitably sink. His conscience was pricked, and he quickly left the ship and returned by way of Saydnaya. After spending four days in the convent, he was again possessed by an irresistible desire to make the icon of the Mother of God his own. He apologized to the abbess, pretending that he had been unable to buy the required icon, and then he decided to leave the convent secretly. The next morning, as he was about to set out on the journey back to his own country and approached the convent gate, he was amazed to find that an invisible power barred his way, and it was as though a stone wall stood where the gate should have been. After many futile attempts, he was forced to hand the icon over to the abbess, confessing his intention. With tears of gratitude she glorified the Lord and his all-pure Mother. Since that day, the holy icon has remained in the convent and has been the object of great veneration.
  
== History ==
+
The village of Saydnaya has many ancient associations with the Holy [[Bible]]. The local inhabitants can show you the reputed place where Cain slew his brother Abel. It is also an area renowned for its faithfulness to Orthodoxy. In former times when many cities and villages in Syria apostatized from Christianity, Saydnaya always remained a zealous defender of the Orthodox Faith.
The village of Saydnaya has many ancient associations with the Holy Bible. The local inhabitants can show you the reputed place where Cain slew his brother Abel. It is also an area renowned for its faithfulness to Orthodoxy. In former times when many cities and villages in Syria apostatized from Christianity, Saydnaya always remained a zealous defender of the Orthodox Faith.
+
  
The convent rises above the town like a veritable fortress and is dedicated to the Nativity of the Most Holy Theotokos. One may not enter the small chapel without removing one's sandals; inside, the walls are covered with myriad signs of gratitude to the All-pure One. The Icon of the All-holy Virgin is believed to be one of four icons extant that were painted by St. Luke the Evangelist himself. In the Syriac language this icon is called the Chahoura or Chagoura, which means "The Illustrious, Celebrated, or Renowned." The word is a loan-word from the Arabic Chahira or El Mash Hura which have the same meaning. There are also many other fine icons of the Holy Virgin and the saints, which date from the fifth, sixth, and seventh centuries.
+
The convent rises above the town like a veritable fortress and is dedicated to the [[Nativity of the Theotokos|Nativity of the Most Holy Theotokos]]. One may not enter the small chapel without removing one's sandals; inside, the walls are covered with myriad signs of gratitude to the all-pure one. The icon of the All-holy Virgin is believed to be one of four icons extant that were painted by St. [[Apostle Luke|Luke the Evangelist]] himself. In the Syriac language this icon is called the Chahoura or Chagoura, which means "illustrious," "celebrated," or "renowned." The word is a loan-word from the Arabic "''chahira''" or "''el mash hura''" which have the same meaning. There are also many other fine icons of the holy Virgin and the [[saint]]s, which date from the fifth, sixth, and seventh centuries.
  
There are about fifty nuns in the convent, presided over by an abbess, and it owns several inalienable properties in Syria and Lebanon. Thousands of pilgrims from all parts of the world visit this holy place every year, particularly for its feast, the Nativity of the Theotokos on the eighth of September. In its library, which contains hundreds of valuable manuscripts, it can be documented that the convent was founded about the year 547.
+
There are about 50 nuns in the convent, presided over by an abbess, and it owns several inalienable properties in Syria and Lebanon. Thousands of pilgrims from all parts of the world visit this holy place every year, particularly for its feast, the Nativity of the Theotokos on [[September 8]]. In its library, which contains hundreds of valuable manuscripts, it can be documented that the convent was founded about the year 547.
  
 
Many other churches have been built in the village from donations of Orthodox rulers, wealthy persons, and by others in the fulfillment of vows, but in the course of centuries, few remain.
 
Many other churches have been built in the village from donations of Orthodox rulers, wealthy persons, and by others in the fulfillment of vows, but in the course of centuries, few remain.
  
The terraces and domes of the convent are the subject of many stories and accounts of miracles, similar to those we hear about the towers of Constantinople, where many special processions and intercessions were celebrated during the wars, plagues, and other dangers that assailed the Christians of Byzantium. <ref> Reprinted from THE WORD; May, 1984, pp. 8-9 </ref>
+
The terraces and domes of the convent are the subject of many stories and accounts of miracles, similar to those we hear about the towers of Constantinople, where many special processions and intercessions were celebrated during the wars, plagues, and other dangers that assailed the Christians of Byzantium.<ref>Reprinted from ''The Word''; May, 1984, pp. 8-9.</ref>
 
+
== The Miracle in Syria ==
+
The '''Miracle in Syria''' was first reported in December 2004 when a Saudi Arabian muslim man appeared live on TV, the Internet, radio, various printed media and pamphlets in Saudi Arabia, Syria, Palestine and various other countries. One of the
+
 
+
=== [[w:Interfax|Interfax]] report ===
+
Headline of the [[w:Interfax|Interfax]] story was '''A dismembered Arab sheikh raised from the dead after visiting an Orthodox convent'''.
+
 
+
:One of the Saudi Arabia sheikhs ‘rose from the dead’ after visiting Panagia Saidnaya [“Our Lady” in Syriac], an old convent near Damascus, the Trud daily writes on Friday.
+
 
+
:…According to the newspaper, the sheikh and his wife could not have children. They decided to go on their last journey together to Syria to venerate local Muslim shrines. One taxi-driver there advised them to visit the Sidnay Convent with its miracle-working Icon of the Mother of God, which often helped to childless families.
+
 
+
The sheikh and his wife took the driver’s advice, and shortly thereafter the wife conceived. Nine months on, the sheikh returned to Syria in order to make a donation to the convent, and was picked up at the airport by the same driver. However, the driver knew that his passenger was loaded, and so he and two friends chopped the sheikh up and placed the remains in the boot of the car. But all did not go according to plan:
+
 
+
:After a few kilometers the car suddenly stalled. A man who was driving by offered his help, but it was rudely rejected. But this Syrian felt something was wrong and called to the police, who came and caught the three accomplices unawares.
+
 
+
:They all experienced an even greater shock after they opened the boot. The motionless and blooded body suddenly began to stir, then revived and stood up slightly rocking. The first words he said were: ‘This same Panagia has just finished sewing up my neck here…’
+
 
+
=== Ethnikoi article ===
+
A few more details are available at the website Ethnikoi, where an English-language account has been compiled by Archimandrite Nektarios Serfes of Boise, Idaho (here the recipient of the miracle is just a "Saudi Arabian", rather than a sheikh):
+
 
+
:The Saudi Arabian went to a medical facility to undergo examination by doctors and medical examiners who confirmed and attested that the stitching was done very recently, thereby validating the miraculous event. The stitches were, and still are, obvious. When the Saudi Arabian came out of the car's trunk, he had the appearance, literally, of just having been refabricated (put back together) to which he continuously confessed that the PANAGIA had rejoined his body and resurrected him with the help of her Son.
+
  
:Immediately after this, the Saudi Arabian called his relatives to come to Syria and they all went together to the monastery of Panagia Saidnaya and offered up prayers, praises, and glorification, and instead of the initial gift of $80,000 US (which was promised), he gave $800,000 US to the Theotokos [the “God-Bearer", i.e. Virgin Mary]. Today, as this man relates the details of that overwhelming miracle, he starts his narration with "When I was a Moslem this happened to me" this indicating he is not longer a Moslem, as neither is his family.
+
==Miracle in Syria==
 +
The "Miracle in Syria" was first reported in December 2004 when a Saudi Arabian Muslim man appeared live on TV, the Internet, radio, various printed media, and pamphlets in Saudi Arabia, Syria, Palestine, and various other countries, stating that he had been decapitated by his taxi driver and miraculously healed by the Theotokos.<ref>[http://www.interfax-religion.com/?act=news&div=940 A dismembered Arab sheikh raised from the dead after visiting an Orthodox convent - newspaper] ''Interfax'', February 3, 2006.</ref><ref>[http://www.pigizois.net/agglika/the_miracle_in_siria.htm Panagia the Surgeon: Decapitated Saudi's head stitched back on in the boot of a car, by the mother of God!] from the Brotherhood of the Holy Sepulchre, Patriarchate of Jerusalem, by Father Ignatios, Abbot, Holy Monastery of The Shepherds Bt Ahur-Bethlehem, compiled by Archimandrite Nektarios Serfes, Boise, Idaho.</ref>
 +
== Recent events ==
 +
On January 29, 2012, an aggression was committed against the Convent of Our Lady of Saydnaya. According to the Patriarchal Press Service, on the Sunday, when many worshippers including pilgrims come to the convent, extremists shot at the old cloister from a portable gun. But the Lord and His Most Holy Mother disgraced the sacrilegers as the shell which hit a wall of the convent failed to explode<ref>[http://www.mospat.ru/en/2012/01/31/news57552/ Another attack on Christians in Syria] '''Department for External Church Relations of the Russian Orthodox Church'''</ref>. It has become the second attack committed by "fighters for democraty" against Christians in Syria in 2012 after the killing of hieromonk [[Basil Nassar]] on January 26.
  
== Notes ==
+
==Notes==
 
<references/>
 
<references/>
  
== References ==
+
==Sources==
*[http://www.balamandmonastery.org.lb/MonastSaydnaya.htm Holy Patriarchal Convent of Our Lady of Saydnaya, Syria] (Baland Monastery)
+
*[http://www.balamandmonastery.org.lb/MonastSaydnaya.htm Antiochian Orthodox Monasteries - Syria: Holy Patriarchal Convent of Our Lady of Saydnaya]
*[http://saidnaya.com/ Holy Patriarchal convent of Our Lady of Saidnaya, Syria] (Saidnaya.com)
+
*[http://saidnaya.com/ Holy Patriarchal Convent of Our Lady of Saidnaya, Syria]
  
== External links ==
+
==External Links==
*[http://www.all-saints.ca/news/herald_2005_aug.pdf/ This is the Miracle by Archimandrite Nektarios Serfes, p 4.] All Saints website
+
*[http://full-of-grace-and-truth.blogspot.com/2009/01/great-miracle-in-syria-and-convent-of.html The Great Miracle in Syria, and the Convent of Our Lady of Saidnaya]. Full of Grace and Truth Blogspot. Wednesday, January 14, 2009.
*[http://www.godlikeproductions.com/forum1/message207386/pg1 Non-orthodox Discussion page]
+
*[[w:Saidnaya|Saidnaya]] at Wikipedia.
*[http://www.ethnikoi.org/drpanagia.htm "Panagia the Surgeon"] (Greek and English) - From the Brotherhood of the Holy Sepulcher, Patriarchate of Jerusalem. By Father Ignatios, Abbot, Holy Monastery of The Shepherds Bt Ahur-Bethlehem and compiled by Archimandrite Nektarios Serfes, Boise, Idaho USA.
+
  
[[Category:Articles needing encyclopedic style]]
 
 
[[Category:Antiochian Monasteries]]
 
[[Category:Antiochian Monasteries]]
 
[[Category:Monasteries]]
 
[[Category:Monasteries]]

Latest revision as of 10:06, February 16, 2012

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Convent of Our Lady of Saydnaya, Syria.

The Convent of Our Lady of Saydnaya is located in the mountains north of the city of Damascus of Syria, the seat of the ancient Patriarchate of Antioch.

Contents

History

It is said that Justinian I, Emperor of Byzantium, while crossing Syria with his troops either on his way to the Holy Land or on a campaign against the Persians, came to this desert, where his army encamped and soon suffered thirst for lack of water. When they despaired, the emperor saw a beautiful gazelle off in the distance. He vigorously gave chase, hunting the animal until it tired and stopped on a rocky knoll and approached a spring of fresh water, but without giving the emperor the opportunity to shoot it. Suddenly, it transformed into an icon of the Most-holy Theotokos, which shone with a brilliant light. A white hand stretched forth from it and a voice said, "No, thou shalt not kill me, Justinian, but thou shalt build a church for me here on this hill." Then the strange heavenly light and majestic figure disappeared.

Upon his return, Justinian related what he had seen to his subordinates and ordered them immediately to draw up a plan for the contemplated church. After some time had passed and the architects were unable to resolve the problems of the plan, the Holy Virgin—the gazelle—reappeared to Justinian in a dream and confided a magnificent plan to him for a convent, of which she would be the Protectress. It is said that the basic structure of the convent follows this plan to this day. The convent soon gained such renown that it came to be ranked second only to Jerusalem as a place of pilgrimage, and nuns from every corner of Syria, Egypt, and other lands flocked to it.

The holy icon El Chagoura appeared many years after the convent was constructed. In the late eighth century, a certain venerable Marina was abbess of the convent, and she was widely revered for her piety and sanctity of life. It happened that a hermit monk, a Greek pilgrim from Egypt named Theodore, stopped at the convent on his way to the Holy Land. When he was leaving, Abbess Marina asked him to buy in Jerusalem a precious and fine icon of the Holy Virgin. While at Jerusalem, he utterly forgot the task entrusted to him and started on his return journey. However, when he had not gone far from the city, he was stopped short by an unfamiliar voice: "Have you not forgotten something in Jerusalem? What have you done in regard to the commission from Abbess Marina?" Monk Theodore returned at once to Jerusalem and found an icon of the Theotokos. During the journey back to the convent, he was astounded by the miracles accomplished through the icon. He and his whole caravan were ambushed by bandits, and then attacked by wild beasts. Amidst these dangers, the hermit always invoked the aid of the Holy Virgin while holding her icon, and he and all the caravan were saved from every peril.

When Theodore returned to the convent, these events tempted him to keep the valuable icon for himself, and he decided to bypass Saydnaya and sail back to Egypt. However, he was unable to set sail, for such a fierce storm arose, it seemed the ship would inevitably sink. His conscience was pricked, and he quickly left the ship and returned by way of Saydnaya. After spending four days in the convent, he was again possessed by an irresistible desire to make the icon of the Mother of God his own. He apologized to the abbess, pretending that he had been unable to buy the required icon, and then he decided to leave the convent secretly. The next morning, as he was about to set out on the journey back to his own country and approached the convent gate, he was amazed to find that an invisible power barred his way, and it was as though a stone wall stood where the gate should have been. After many futile attempts, he was forced to hand the icon over to the abbess, confessing his intention. With tears of gratitude she glorified the Lord and his all-pure Mother. Since that day, the holy icon has remained in the convent and has been the object of great veneration.

The village of Saydnaya has many ancient associations with the Holy Bible. The local inhabitants can show you the reputed place where Cain slew his brother Abel. It is also an area renowned for its faithfulness to Orthodoxy. In former times when many cities and villages in Syria apostatized from Christianity, Saydnaya always remained a zealous defender of the Orthodox Faith.

The convent rises above the town like a veritable fortress and is dedicated to the Nativity of the Most Holy Theotokos. One may not enter the small chapel without removing one's sandals; inside, the walls are covered with myriad signs of gratitude to the all-pure one. The icon of the All-holy Virgin is believed to be one of four icons extant that were painted by St. Luke the Evangelist himself. In the Syriac language this icon is called the Chahoura or Chagoura, which means "illustrious," "celebrated," or "renowned." The word is a loan-word from the Arabic "chahira" or "el mash hura" which have the same meaning. There are also many other fine icons of the holy Virgin and the saints, which date from the fifth, sixth, and seventh centuries.

There are about 50 nuns in the convent, presided over by an abbess, and it owns several inalienable properties in Syria and Lebanon. Thousands of pilgrims from all parts of the world visit this holy place every year, particularly for its feast, the Nativity of the Theotokos on September 8. In its library, which contains hundreds of valuable manuscripts, it can be documented that the convent was founded about the year 547.

Many other churches have been built in the village from donations of Orthodox rulers, wealthy persons, and by others in the fulfillment of vows, but in the course of centuries, few remain.

The terraces and domes of the convent are the subject of many stories and accounts of miracles, similar to those we hear about the towers of Constantinople, where many special processions and intercessions were celebrated during the wars, plagues, and other dangers that assailed the Christians of Byzantium.[1]

Miracle in Syria

The "Miracle in Syria" was first reported in December 2004 when a Saudi Arabian Muslim man appeared live on TV, the Internet, radio, various printed media, and pamphlets in Saudi Arabia, Syria, Palestine, and various other countries, stating that he had been decapitated by his taxi driver and miraculously healed by the Theotokos.[2][3]

Recent events

On January 29, 2012, an aggression was committed against the Convent of Our Lady of Saydnaya. According to the Patriarchal Press Service, on the Sunday, when many worshippers including pilgrims come to the convent, extremists shot at the old cloister from a portable gun. But the Lord and His Most Holy Mother disgraced the sacrilegers as the shell which hit a wall of the convent failed to explode[4]. It has become the second attack committed by "fighters for democraty" against Christians in Syria in 2012 after the killing of hieromonk Basil Nassar on January 26.

Notes

  1. Reprinted from The Word; May, 1984, pp. 8-9.
  2. A dismembered Arab sheikh raised from the dead after visiting an Orthodox convent - newspaper Interfax, February 3, 2006.
  3. Panagia the Surgeon: Decapitated Saudi's head stitched back on in the boot of a car, by the mother of God! from the Brotherhood of the Holy Sepulchre, Patriarchate of Jerusalem, by Father Ignatios, Abbot, Holy Monastery of The Shepherds Bt Ahur-Bethlehem, compiled by Archimandrite Nektarios Serfes, Boise, Idaho.
  4. Another attack on Christians in Syria Department for External Church Relations of the Russian Orthodox Church

Sources

External Links

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