Columba of Iona

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[[Image:Columba of Iona.jpg|right|frame|St. Columba of Iona]]
 
Our venerable and God-bearing Father '''Columba of Iona''', Enlightener of Scotland ([[December 7]], 521 - [[June 9]], 597) (also known as '''Columcille''', meaning "Dove of the Church") was an Irish missionary who helped re-introduce Christianity to Scotland and the north of England.   
 
Our venerable and God-bearing Father '''Columba of Iona''', Enlightener of Scotland ([[December 7]], 521 - [[June 9]], 597) (also known as '''Columcille''', meaning "Dove of the Church") was an Irish missionary who helped re-introduce Christianity to Scotland and the north of England.   
  
The primary source on the life of St. Columba is the ''Life of St. Columba'', a [[hagiography]] by St. [[Adomnan of Iona]].
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The primary source on the life of St. Columba is the ''Life of St. Columba'', a [[hagiography]] by St. [[Adomnan of Iona]].  
  
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A newly founded monastic community in the United States, [[St. Columba of Iona Orthodox Monastery (Southbridge, Massachusetts)]], seeks to bring the same  Orthodox missionary zeal to the shores of the New World 
  
He was born to Fedhlimidh and Eithne of the Ui Neill clan in Gartan, near Lough Gartan, Donegal.  On his father's side he was great-great-grandson of Niall of the Nine Hostages, an Irish king of the fourth century.  He became a [[monk]] and soon rose in the church hierarchy to the rank of [[priest]].  Tradition asserts that, sometime around 560, he became involved in a copyright wrangle with St. [[Finnian of Moville]] over a [[psalter]].  The dispute eventually led to the pitched Battle of Cul Dremhe in 561, during which many men were killed.  (Columba's copy of the psalter has been traditionally associated with the [[Cathach of St. Columba]].)  As penance for these deaths, Columba was ordered to make the same number of new converts as had been killed.  He was also ordered to leave Ireland and move such that he could not see his native country.   
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==Life==
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He was born to Fedhlimidh and Eithne of the Ui Neill clan in Gartan, near Lough Gartan, Donegal.  On his father's side he was great-great-grandson of Niall of the Nine Hostages, an Irish king of the fourth century.  He became a [[monasticism|monk]] and soon rose in the church hierarchy to the rank of [[priest]].  Tradition asserts that, sometime around 560, he became involved in a copyright wrangle with St. [[Finnian of Moville]] over a [[psalter]].  The dispute eventually led to the pitched Battle of Cul Dremhe in 561, during which many men were killed.  (Columba's copy of the psalter has been traditionally associated with the [[Cathach of St. Columba]].)  As [[penance]] for these deaths, Columba was ordered to make the same number of new [[convert]]s as had been killed.  He was also ordered to leave Ireland and move such that he could not see his native country.   
  
[[Image:Columba_Bay.jpg|right|thumb|300px|St. Columba's Bay, where the saint first landed on [[Iona]]]]
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[[Image:Columba_Bay.jpg|left|thumb|300px|St. Columba's Bay, where the saint first landed on [[Iona]]]]
 
He travelled to Scotland, where it is reputed he first landed at the southern tip of the Kintyre peninsula, near Southend. However, being still in sight of his native land he moved further north up the west coast of Scotland.  In 563 he founded a [[monastery]] on the island of [[Iona]] off the west coast of Scotland which became the centre of his evangelising mission to Scotland. There are many stories of miracles which he performed during his mission to convert the Picts.
 
He travelled to Scotland, where it is reputed he first landed at the southern tip of the Kintyre peninsula, near Southend. However, being still in sight of his native land he moved further north up the west coast of Scotland.  In 563 he founded a [[monastery]] on the island of [[Iona]] off the west coast of Scotland which became the centre of his evangelising mission to Scotland. There are many stories of miracles which he performed during his mission to convert the Picts.
  
Columba is also the source of the first known reference to the Loch Ness Monster. According to the story, in 565 he came across a group of Picts who were burying a man killed by the monster, and brought the man back to life. In another version, he is said to have saved the man while the man was being attacked, driving away the monster with the sign of the cross.
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Columba is also the source of the first known reference to the Loch Ness Monster. According to the story, in 565 he came across a group of Picts who were burying a man killed by the monster, and brought the man back to life. In another version, he is said to have saved the man while the man was being attacked, driving away the monster with the [[sign of the cross]].
  
 
St. Columba's [[feast day]] is [[June 9]], and with St. [[Patrick of Ireland]] ([[March 17]]) and St. [[Brigid of Kildaire]] ([[February 1]]) is one of the three [[patron saint]]s of Ireland.  The three are buried together in Downpatrick in County Down, deep within the famous Hill of Down.
 
St. Columba's [[feast day]] is [[June 9]], and with St. [[Patrick of Ireland]] ([[March 17]]) and St. [[Brigid of Kildaire]] ([[February 1]]) is one of the three [[patron saint]]s of Ireland.  The three are buried together in Downpatrick in County Down, deep within the famous Hill of Down.
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==Books==
 
==Books==
The ''Life of St. Columba'' by St. Adomnan is available in paperback (ISBN 0140444629).
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*The ''Life of St. Columba'' by St. Adomnan is available in paperback (ISBN 0140444629).
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*A somewhat fictionalized account of his life was published in 1990 by John Desjarlais, entitled ''The Throne of Tara'' (ISBN 0891075747).
  
A somewhat fictionalized account of his life was published in 1990 by John Desjarlais, entitled ''The Throne of Tara'' (ISBN 0891075747).
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==External Links==
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*[[Wikipedia:Columba|Columba on Wikipedia]]
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*[http://www.stcolumbachurch.org/Saint_Columba_Paper.cfm Saint Columba: Fact and Fiction] by Fr. Lester Michael Bundy, Professor of Religious Studies, Regis University; Pastor, [http://www.stcolumbachurch.org/ St. Columba Orthodox Church]
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*[http://www.orthodox.clara.net/saint-cd.htm St. Columba (Columcille), Abbot and Missionary, (597), fd: 9 June]
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*[http://www.comeandseeicons.com/c/rbp01.htm Icon and Story of St. Columcille of Iona]
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*[http://www.stcolumbamonastery.org St. Columba of Iona Orthodox Monastery Southbridge, Massachusetts]
  
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[[Category:Saints]]
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[[Category:Saints of the British Isles]]
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[[Category:Pre-Schism Western Saints]]
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[[Category:Missionaries]]
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[[Category:Monastics]]
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[[Category:Priests]]
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[[Category:6th-century saints]]
  
 
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[[ro:Columba din Iona]]
[[Category:Celtic and Anglo-Saxon Saints]]
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[[Category:Missionaries]]
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[[Category:Saints]]
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Latest revision as of 19:16, February 20, 2013

St. Columba of Iona

Our venerable and God-bearing Father Columba of Iona, Enlightener of Scotland (December 7, 521 - June 9, 597) (also known as Columcille, meaning "Dove of the Church") was an Irish missionary who helped re-introduce Christianity to Scotland and the north of England.

The primary source on the life of St. Columba is the Life of St. Columba, a hagiography by St. Adomnan of Iona.

A newly founded monastic community in the United States, St. Columba of Iona Orthodox Monastery (Southbridge, Massachusetts), seeks to bring the same Orthodox missionary zeal to the shores of the New World

Life

He was born to Fedhlimidh and Eithne of the Ui Neill clan in Gartan, near Lough Gartan, Donegal. On his father's side he was great-great-grandson of Niall of the Nine Hostages, an Irish king of the fourth century. He became a monk and soon rose in the church hierarchy to the rank of priest. Tradition asserts that, sometime around 560, he became involved in a copyright wrangle with St. Finnian of Moville over a psalter. The dispute eventually led to the pitched Battle of Cul Dremhe in 561, during which many men were killed. (Columba's copy of the psalter has been traditionally associated with the Cathach of St. Columba.) As penance for these deaths, Columba was ordered to make the same number of new converts as had been killed. He was also ordered to leave Ireland and move such that he could not see his native country.

St. Columba's Bay, where the saint first landed on Iona

He travelled to Scotland, where it is reputed he first landed at the southern tip of the Kintyre peninsula, near Southend. However, being still in sight of his native land he moved further north up the west coast of Scotland. In 563 he founded a monastery on the island of Iona off the west coast of Scotland which became the centre of his evangelising mission to Scotland. There are many stories of miracles which he performed during his mission to convert the Picts.

Columba is also the source of the first known reference to the Loch Ness Monster. According to the story, in 565 he came across a group of Picts who were burying a man killed by the monster, and brought the man back to life. In another version, he is said to have saved the man while the man was being attacked, driving away the monster with the sign of the cross.

St. Columba's feast day is June 9, and with St. Patrick of Ireland (March 17) and St. Brigid of Kildaire (February 1) is one of the three patron saints of Ireland. The three are buried together in Downpatrick in County Down, deep within the famous Hill of Down.

Columba is not to be confused with his disciple, St. Columbanus.

Books

  • The Life of St. Columba by St. Adomnan is available in paperback (ISBN 0140444629).
  • A somewhat fictionalized account of his life was published in 1990 by John Desjarlais, entitled The Throne of Tara (ISBN 0891075747).

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