Classification of Feasts

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(First Class Feasts)
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The lesser classes—'''Third Class Feasts''', '''Fourth Class Feasts''', and '''Fifth Class Feasts'''—commemorate the lives of the [[saints]], holy events, and holy objects.  Between the Third Class and Fourth Class there are two '''Intermediate Classes'''.
 
The lesser classes—'''Third Class Feasts''', '''Fourth Class Feasts''', and '''Fifth Class Feasts'''—commemorate the lives of the [[saints]], holy events, and holy objects.  Between the Third Class and Fourth Class there are two '''Intermediate Classes'''.
  
== First Class Feasts ==
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== First Class Feasts—Feasts of the Lord ==
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:[[Elevation of the Holy Cross]], [[September 14]]
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:[[Nativity]] of Christ (Christmas), [[December 25]]
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:[[Theophany]], [[January 6]]
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:[[Palm Sunday]], the Sunday before [[Pascha]]
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:[[Ascension]], forty days after Pascha
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:[[Pentecost]], fifty days after Pascha
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:[[Transfiguration]], [[August 6]]
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*Most of these feasts have both a [[forefeast]] and a [[leavetaking]] (exceptions: '''Palm Sunday''' has neither; '''Ascension''' and '''Pentecost''' have a leavetaking but no forefeast).
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*An [[All-Night Vigil]] is appointed for the eve of the feast. 
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*At [[Vespers|Great Vespers]] the [[kathisma]] reading from the [[Psalter]] that follows the litany of peace is omitted unless the feast coincides with a [[Sunday]], in which case the first kathisma (Psalms 1-8) is read at Great Vespers on Saturday evening as usual (exceptions: the first kathisma is omitted on the eve of Pentecost and on the eves of '''Nativity''', '''Theophany''', and '''Transfiguration''' when those feasts fall on a Sunday).
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*[[Festal Orthros]]
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**The [[polyeleos]] (Psalms 134 and 135) is chanted immediately after the second poetic kathisma (on a Sunday it replaces the [[amomos]] (Psalm 118) as the third reading from the Psalter).
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**Select Psalm verses from the [[eclogarion]] can follow the polyeleos, if desired.
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**There is a gospel periscope for the feast (chanted from the [[holy doors]] and without a veneration following).
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**The praises and the great doxology are chanted.
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*At the [[Divine Liturgy]] for the feast, the patronal [[troparion]] of the temple is suppressed.
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*The divine services are for the feast alone; all other commemorations are suppressed (even on a Sunday). 
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*When the feast falls on a [[fasting|fasting day]], the fast is relaxed to permit fish, wine, and oil.
  
 
== Second Class Feasts ==
 
== Second Class Feasts ==

Revision as of 14:03, March 23, 2005

In the Orthodox Church, liturgical celebrations are ranked according to a hierarchy of several classifications. Each class as its own characteristics and is expressed in the divine servcies and disciplines of the Church in a particular way. See also feast day.

Contents

General

Pascha is in a class of its own, ranking above all other commemorations.

The twelve Great Feasts are divided between First Class Feasts (feasts of our Lord) and Second Class Feasts (feasts of the Theotokos).

The lesser classes—Third Class Feasts, Fourth Class Feasts, and Fifth Class Feasts—commemorate the lives of the saints, holy events, and holy objects. Between the Third Class and Fourth Class there are two Intermediate Classes.

First Class Feasts—Feasts of the Lord

Elevation of the Holy Cross, September 14
Nativity of Christ (Christmas), December 25
Theophany, January 6
Palm Sunday, the Sunday before Pascha
Ascension, forty days after Pascha
Pentecost, fifty days after Pascha
Transfiguration, August 6
  • Most of these feasts have both a forefeast and a leavetaking (exceptions: Palm Sunday has neither; Ascension and Pentecost have a leavetaking but no forefeast).
  • An All-Night Vigil is appointed for the eve of the feast.
  • At Great Vespers the kathisma reading from the Psalter that follows the litany of peace is omitted unless the feast coincides with a Sunday, in which case the first kathisma (Psalms 1-8) is read at Great Vespers on Saturday evening as usual (exceptions: the first kathisma is omitted on the eve of Pentecost and on the eves of Nativity, Theophany, and Transfiguration when those feasts fall on a Sunday).
  • Festal Orthros
    • The polyeleos (Psalms 134 and 135) is chanted immediately after the second poetic kathisma (on a Sunday it replaces the amomos (Psalm 118) as the third reading from the Psalter).
    • Select Psalm verses from the eclogarion can follow the polyeleos, if desired.
    • There is a gospel periscope for the feast (chanted from the holy doors and without a veneration following).
    • The praises and the great doxology are chanted.
  • At the Divine Liturgy for the feast, the patronal troparion of the temple is suppressed.
  • The divine services are for the feast alone; all other commemorations are suppressed (even on a Sunday).
  • When the feast falls on a fasting day, the fast is relaxed to permit fish, wine, and oil.

Second Class Feasts

Third Class Feasts

Intermediate Classes

Katholicon

Small Bells

Fourth Class Feasts

Fifth Class Feasts

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