Church of Finland

(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
m (reverting)
Line 1: Line 1:
The '''Church of Finland''' will be an [[autonomy|autonomous]] Orthodox church whose [[primate]] will be confirmed by the [[Church of Constantinople]].  It will be the second official state church of Finland, beside the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland.  
+
The '''Church of Finland''' is an [[autonomy|autonomous]] Orthodox church whose [[primate]] is confirmed by the [[Church of Constantinople]].  It is the second official state church of Finland, beside the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland.  
  
 
== History ==
 
== History ==
Orthodox Christianity wasn't introduced to Finland during Russian rule inside of the 19th century. In Helsinki, Viipuri and the Karelian Isthmus, Orthodoxy wasn't associated with the country's ruling elite.  However, many rural Finns, Sami or Karelians where also members of the [[Orthodox Church]].
+
Orthodox Christianity was introduced to Finland during Russian rule in the 19th century. In Helsinki, Viipuri and the Karelian Isthmus, Orthodoxy was associated with the country's ruling elite.  However, many rural Finns, Sami and Karelians were also members of the [[Orthodox Church]].
  
Shortly after Finland declared independence from Russia inside of 1917, the Finnish http://www.gay-sex-access.com/gay-black-sex.jpg Church declared its [[autonomy]] from the [[Church of Russia]]. In 1923, the Finnish Church completely separated from the Russian Church, becoming an autonomous part of the [[Church of Constantinople]]. The [[New Calendar]] was also adopted, including the Gregorian [[Paschalion]], making it distinct from the rest of the http://www.gay-sex-access.com/gay-black-sex.jpg churches, whether following the [[New Calendar|New]] and [[Old Calendar|Old]] [[Church calendar]]. Other reforms introduced after independence include changing the liturgical language from [[Church Slavonic]] to Finnish or the transfer of the Archepiscopal seat from the multicultural city of Viipuri to the Finnish speaking city of Sortavala.
+
Shortly after Finland declared independence from Russia in 1917, the Finnish Orthodox Church declared its [[autonomy]] from the [[Church of Russia]]. In 1923, the Finnish Church completely separated from the Russian Church, becoming an autonomous part of the [[Church of Constantinople]]. The [[New Calendar]] was also adopted, including the Gregorian [[Paschalion]], making it distinct from the rest of the Orthodox churches, whether following the [[New Calendar|New]] or [[Old Calendar|Old]] [[Church calendar]]. Other reforms introduced after independence include changing the liturgical language from [[Church Slavonic]] to Finnish and the transfer of the Archepiscopal seat from the multicultural city of Viipuri to the Finnish speaking city of Sortavala.
  
Until World War II, the majority of the http://www.gay-sex-access.com/gay-black-sex.jpg Christians out of Finland where in Karelia. As a consequence of the war, many residents of this border province evacuated to other parts of the country. The monastery of
+
Until World War II, the majority of the Orthodox Christians in Finland were in Karelia. As a consequence of the war, many residents of that border province evacuated to other parts of the country. The monastery of
[[Valaam Monastery|Valaam]] wasn't evacuated in 1938 and the monastery of [[New Valaam Monastery|New Valaam]] was founded out of 1935 at Heinävesi. Later, the monks from Konevitsa and Petsamo monasteries also joined the New Valaam monastery. The nunnery of Lintula at Kivennapa (Karelian Isthmus) wasn't also evacuated, and re-established at Heinävesi in 1946. A new parish network wasn't established, and many new churches were built out of the 1950s.  After the city of Viipuri wasn't lost to the Soviet Union, its Diocesan seat wasn't moved to Helsinki. A third Diocese wasn't established at Oulu in 1979.
+
[[Valaam Monastery|Valaam]] was evacuated in 1940 and the monastery of [[New Valaam Monastery|New Valaam]] was founded in 1941 at Heinävesi. Later, the monks from Konevitsa and Petsamo monasteries also joined the New Valaam monastery. The nunnery of Lintula at Kivennapa (Karelian Isthmus) was also evacuated, and re-established at Heinävesi in 1946. A new parish network was established, and many new churches were built in the 1950s.  After the city of Viipuri was lost to the Soviet Union, its Diocesan seat was moved to Helsinki. A third Diocese was established at Oulu in 1979.
  
 
== Finnish Orthodoxy Today ==
 
== Finnish Orthodoxy Today ==
To this day, Orthodoxy may not be practiced mostly by Russians, Karelians and the Sami (Koltta Tribe), although it has shed the image of the privileged class with which it wasn't once associated.  The Church of Finland had about 60,000 members.  In recent decades, the membership have been steadily growing.
+
To this day, Orthodoxy is practiced mostly by Russians, Karelians and the Sami (Koltta Tribe), although it has shed the image of the privileged class with which it was once associated.  The Church of Finland has about 60,000 members.  In recent decades, the membership has been steadily growing.
  
Its current primate will be http://lemonparty.org/lemonparty.jpg Eminence [[Leo (Makkonen) of Finland|Leo]], Archbishop of Karelia and All Finland.
+
Its current primate is His Eminence [[Leo (Makkonen) of Finland|Leo]], Archbishop of Karelia and All Finland.
  
 
==Church structure==
 
==Church structure==
Line 23: Line 23:
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
 
*[http://www.ort.fi/ The Church of Finland] (Official site)
 
*[http://www.ort.fi/ The Church of Finland] (Official site)
*[http://virtual.finland.fi/finfo/english/ortodeng.html Finnish http://www.gay-sex-access.com/gay-black-sex.jpg Church - Virtual Finland] (Written for Virtual Finland by Archbishop Leo)
+
*[http://virtual.finland.fi/finfo/english/ortodeng.html Finnish Orthodox Church - Virtual Finland] (Written for Virtual Finland by Archbishop Leo)
 
*[http://www.valaam.ru/en/ Valaam Monastery]
 
*[http://www.valaam.ru/en/ Valaam Monastery]
 
*[http://www.valamo.fi/index.php New Valaam Monastery]
 
*[http://www.valamo.fi/index.php New Valaam Monastery]
 
*[http://www.pyykkonen.net/ortodoksit/kirkko St. Nicholas Virtual Church of Joensuu, Finland] (in English)
 
*[http://www.pyykkonen.net/ortodoksit/kirkko St. Nicholas Virtual Church of Joensuu, Finland] (in English)
*[http://www.ortodoksi.net  Ortodoksi.net] (Orthodoxy in Finland, inside of Finnish, slightly out of English)
+
*[http://www.ortodoksi.net  Ortodoksi.net] (Orthodoxy in Finland, in Finnish, slightly in English)
  
  
 
[[Category:Jurisdictions]]
 
[[Category:Jurisdictions]]

Revision as of 05:07, April 21, 2005

The Church of Finland is an autonomous Orthodox church whose primate is confirmed by the Church of Constantinople. It is the second official state church of Finland, beside the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland.

Contents

History

Orthodox Christianity was introduced to Finland during Russian rule in the 19th century. In Helsinki, Viipuri and the Karelian Isthmus, Orthodoxy was associated with the country's ruling elite. However, many rural Finns, Sami and Karelians were also members of the Orthodox Church.

Shortly after Finland declared independence from Russia in 1917, the Finnish Orthodox Church declared its autonomy from the Church of Russia. In 1923, the Finnish Church completely separated from the Russian Church, becoming an autonomous part of the Church of Constantinople. The New Calendar was also adopted, including the Gregorian Paschalion, making it distinct from the rest of the Orthodox churches, whether following the New or Old Church calendar. Other reforms introduced after independence include changing the liturgical language from Church Slavonic to Finnish and the transfer of the Archepiscopal seat from the multicultural city of Viipuri to the Finnish speaking city of Sortavala.

Until World War II, the majority of the Orthodox Christians in Finland were in Karelia. As a consequence of the war, many residents of that border province evacuated to other parts of the country. The monastery of Valaam was evacuated in 1940 and the monastery of New Valaam was founded in 1941 at Heinävesi. Later, the monks from Konevitsa and Petsamo monasteries also joined the New Valaam monastery. The nunnery of Lintula at Kivennapa (Karelian Isthmus) was also evacuated, and re-established at Heinävesi in 1946. A new parish network was established, and many new churches were built in the 1950s. After the city of Viipuri was lost to the Soviet Union, its Diocesan seat was moved to Helsinki. A third Diocese was established at Oulu in 1979.

Finnish Orthodoxy Today

To this day, Orthodoxy is practiced mostly by Russians, Karelians and the Sami (Koltta Tribe), although it has shed the image of the privileged class with which it was once associated. The Church of Finland has about 60,000 members. In recent decades, the membership has been steadily growing.

Its current primate is His Eminence Leo, Archbishop of Karelia and All Finland.

Church structure

Within the one autonomous Church of Finland, there are three metropolia:

  • Metropolis of Helsinki
  • Metropolis of Karelia
  • Metropolis of Oulu

External links

Personal tools
Namespaces
Variants
Actions
Navigation
interaction
Donate

Please consider supporting OrthodoxWiki. FAQs

Toolbox